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Does Borden deserve his place on the $100 bill?

A dbq presenting both sides of the debate of whether Robert Borden was a good PM
by

Roland Dodds

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of Does Borden deserve his place on the $100 bill?

By: Benny Gao
(http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/robert-borden-e.aspx)
Does Borden deserve his place on the $100 bill?
•Toured the Front
•Was committed to finishing what he had started
•Got “slackers” to join the war for the protection of those who did volunteer
•“Sacred Obligation” to the men at the front
•Borden gripped Lloyd George by the lapels and shook him and said “Prime Minister, if anything like that ever happens again, not a single soldier more will leave our shores.”
•First national department of health
•Federal Savings Bonds
•Votes for Women
•Income Tax
•Daylight savings time
nationalized bankrupt railways
veteran benefits
•Was called indecisive by his own cabinet
•Police sweeping powers to arrest
•Foreign accent – no vote
•Quebec Riots
•Sam Hughes
•Ross Rifle
•Munitions Scandal
•Conscription
•Racism
•Enemy Aliens
A GLOBE AND MAIL SPECIAL, JAN. 2002
He stood for us
Robert Borden's Canada forged its sovereignty
in the heat of the First World War, writes
former prime minister BRIAN MULRONEY

There is a strong historical case to be made that if Sir John A. Macdonald was the father of Canadian nationhood, Sir Robert Borden was the father of Canadian sovereignty. Canada's sovereignty was born in the crucible of his wartime leadership, and written in the blood of tens of thousands of young Canadians who died in the killing fields and trenches of Western Europe.

Borden bluntly told British Prime Minister David Lloyd George in 1917: "The Dominions have fought in the war upon the principle of equal nationhood." That principle, he added: "has been consecrated by the efforts and sacrifices" of Canadian soldiers, and "it must be maintained."
"It can hardly be expected that we shall put 400,000 or 500,000 men in the field and willingly accept the position of having no more voice and receiving no more consideration than if we were toy automata." -- Sir Robert Borden, January 4, 1916
Ross Rifle
In trench conditions, surrounded by mud and filth, and when it was essential to have a reliable weapon, the Ross was definitely out of place. It had a long barrel and was difficult to use in the trench's confined spaces, and it frequently jammed. It was indeed a fine weapon - on a firing range under controlled conditions. But the First Division's stand at Ypres in the face of a gas attack, Canadian soldiers threw away their Ross rifles in despair and frustration, and picked up Lee-Enfields from dead British soldiers on the battlefield.
Accomplishments
Domestically, Borden nationalized bankrupt railways, introduced veterans' benefits, and abolished traditional patronage in favour of a professional civil service. Writing that "Canada must assume full sovereignty," he also foresaw Canada’s future role as mediator between the United States and Britain and determined that Canada should have a delegate in Washington with full diplomatic powers.

By the time he retired in 1920, Borden was recognized as an international statesman. It has been suggested that, were it not for the war, he would have been one of Canada's greatest prime ministers. Robert Borden died on June 10, 1937.
Canadian Independence
Frustrated by being treated as a colonial "lesser partner" in the war, Borden fought for an Imperial War Cabinet composed of all the colonies.

He championed a resolution at an Imperial War Conference to recognize the autonomy of the Dominions and to grant full consultation on Imperial affairs. At the end of the war, Canada's parliament ratified the Treaty of Versailles and joined the League of Nations as an independent nation, no longer subservient to British Imperial rule.
The Great War
When Britain entered the First World War in August 1914, Canada found itself at war as well. Within two months, Canada sent a contribution of 30,000 men.

While the battles raged in France, Borden worried about the troops he had sent overseas. Canadian troops were initially under British command, and information about their status came through the British government. Borden was so poorly informed that he had to gather war news from the newspapers. In 1915, he travelled to France to inspect the Canadian troops and determine their situation for himself. He was shocked by the death and mutilation at the front and vowed to visit every injured Canadian soldier. There were already too many for one man to see.
Enemy Aliens
Robert Borden does deserve to be on the $100 bill because of his wise decision to give women the right to vote
Robert borden does not deserve to be on the 100$ bill because of the bad image that he had made with the internment camps.
Due to enemy aliens being thought of as "Spies," 80'000 people were registered as enemy aliens,, and had to carry registraction papers/cards. Over 8500 enemy aliens were sent to internment camps. Here they were forced to work without any pay. Enemy aliens were forced to build roads, rails, work in mines, and clear the land. Whatever money and property these enemy aliens had was taken by the government.
The nurses were the first women allowed to vote in 1917
March 1918 all women who were otherwise qualified could vote in federal elections
By 1920 qualified women could hold elected public office
* Alberta and Saskatchewan followed later in 1916,
* British Columbia in 1917,
* Ontario in 1917 (women could not hold office until 1919),
* Nova Scotia in 1918,
* New Brunswick in 1918 (women could not hold office until
1934),
* Prince Edward Island in 1922,
* Newfoundland in 1925 and
* Quebec in 1940.
Finally all women allowed to vote in 1960
"Our worthy opponents will emphasize the fact that women are the weaker vessel. Well I should think that a woman who cooks for men, washes and bakes and scrubs and sews for her family could stand the extra strain of marking a ballot every four years."
- Nellie McClung
(reformer during the 1914)
By: Eric Vu
Refrences:
http://www.historyofrights.com/events/ww1.html
http://alethonews.wordpress.com/2010/10/10/canadas-concentration-camps-the-war-measures-act/
Information Cited from:

http://www.cbc.ca/history/EPISCONTENTSE1EP11CH4PA5LE.html
http://www.section15.ca/features/news/1997/05/30/women_take_right_vote/
Borden Deserves to be on the $100 Bill
Borden deserves to be on the $ 100 dollar bill
Canada's Independence
By:Daniel Hugh
Going to the front lines
Sir Robert Borden deserves his place on the $100 dollar bill
Sir Robert BOrden deserves his place on the $100 dollar bill becae he stayed committed to the war till the end and finished off the project he started. He brought up conscription and helped our ally Great Britain in defeating Germany. According to britannica.com he invested 35 million dollars for three battleships and 2 billion dollars in just for the war. He also introuduced the military service act so that he can replace the soldiers who had died or got severely injured in the war. He also did this so that we can honour those who have put their life at risk in the line of duty. He also thought that if we have more men in the line of duty, the war could be over soon. He also deserves to be on the bill because he risked his life in danger by travelling overseas to see what was happening and tried to make the situation better. Because of him Canada got a start of recognition in gaining victory at Ypres ."Canada got nothing out of the war except recognition", quote Borden which was a letter to his wife.

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/73920/Sir-Robert-Borden
By:Kirisaan Sivananthan
Yes, I believe that Sir Robert Borden deserves his place on the $100 bill because of his efforts in getting Canada autonomy from Britain. Borden was the Prime Minister who had led Canada in the Great War and essentially to victory. Without the managing skills that Borden had and his use of conscription in war, Canada would not be an independent nation. It was Sir Robert Borden who had made Canada into a nation that it is today. Without gaining independence from Britain, we would still be under British rule and their influences. Canada was also a country that did not have a major civil war in gaining independence unlike the USA and many other countries. Borden’s contribution to Canada gives him the right to be on the $100 as he had genuinely shaped our nation’s independence. Mike Duffy who is a current Senator calls Robert Borden Canada’s forgotten giant.

"In crafting the peace, however, Sir Robert did not break faith with them, insisting that at Versailles, Canada would sign the treaty that ended the war as a proud and independent nation. At Paris in 1919, with the eyes of the world’s leaders upon him, Sir Robert Borden did just that, putting Canada firmly on the road to full nationhood. Some of his own supporters, in fact, feared Borden was advancing the cause of Canadian sovereignty and nationhood too far and too fast. The eighth prime minister would have none of it. That is perhaps his greatest accomplishment."
http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2011/09/21/mike-duffy-robert-borden-canadas-forgotten-giant/
Did Borden Deserve his Place on the $100 bill?
By: John C.
Borden does not deserve a place on the $100 bill. One of the reasons is his use of conscription to control votes and move the tide of the 1917 election to his favor. This is a very unprecedented maneuver, as this shows that Borden would incorporate any method to win the Khaki election. He uses conscription to increase his chances of winning by supporting those that would support his method of conscription. Thus, Robert Borden gained a victory through discretionary means
Reference: http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/robert-borden-e.aspx
Credits: Canadian Culture Online of Canadian Heritage
Robert Borden does not deserve his place on the $100 bill. He introduced conscription and had "Enemy Aliens". 80 000 people from Germany or Austria-Hungary, who were the "enemy aliens", were treated like slaves and were forced into labor because of Robert Borden. Their rights were taken away and their freedom as well. Conscription was forced military service upon Canadians and that got a lot of people upset. French Canadian especially didn't enjoy the thought of knowing that their family members were going to be forced into being a part of this war. They felt like they had nothing to do with this war because it was an European War. All in all, Robert Borden as a Prime Minister of Canada does not deserve to be on the $100 bill because of all of the negative things he's done.

http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/robert-borden-e.aspx
Does Robert Borden Deserve His Place on the $100 Bill?
Mathushah Gowripalan
Women Gain the Right to Vote-
Manal.S
Borden was the only prime minister that was willing to sacarfice his own life and travel to the front lines of the war to see what the situation was like and what was going on. During that time Canada was not being informed about the conditions, and the British was not informing Canada of any plans, situations or conditions of the war camps.
Evidence 1: http://www.pinecone.on.ca/MAGAZINE/stories/BattleDaylightSaving.html

Evidence 2: http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?BioId=42133

Evidence 3: http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/firstworldwar/025005-3300-e.html

Evidence 4: http://www.wisegeek.org/why-do-we-have-daylight-saving-time.htm#

Evidence 5: http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/willett.html
Daylight Savings Time - DST

By Robert Borden
By: Jehro Celemin
Yes, Borden does deserve to be on the $100 dollar bill because Canada would not be Canada without his life-changing actions as the Canadian Prime Minister. To be more specific, I acknowledge him because of his contribution to save energy by introducing Daylight Savings Time. DST was started during World War One to save fuel by decreasing the use of artificial lighting in homes and workplaces. For the sake of conserving energy, DST in Canada was legislation made possible by Robert Borden and his Union government (Evidence 1 and 2). At first, it wasn’t an accepted by some of the Canadians and actually caused conflict (Evidence 3), especially the farmers but after Borden’s persistence for repeal, it was practiced and incorporated over time. World War I was the catalyst for numerous countries adopting DST, when national efforts were made to conserve materials for the war effort (Evidence 4). The thought was that if daytime hours could correspond better with natural light, fewer tasks would need to be done at night. Homes would need to use less energy to stay lit. “Everyone, rich and poor alike, will find their ordinary expenditure on electric light, gas, oil and candles considerably reduced for nearly six months in every year,” from the Waste of Daylight pamphlet by William Willett (Evidence 5). Daylight Savings Time has changed Canada and is still being practiced today. It has helped save a lot of energy and more work has been done since there is a good amount of sunlight even in the fall or winter.
Does Borden Deserve to be on the 100 dollar bill?
Right to women
Evidence 1 : http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/socstud/foundation_gr6/blms/6-2-1f.pdf
Evidence 2: http://www.canadahistory.com/sections/eras/the%20great%20war/Women.html
Sir Robert Borden deserve to be on the 100 dollar. • Prime Minister Borden also gave the right to vote to women who had relatives fighting in the war. These women tended to support conscription(Evidence 1). From this is was a step for women gaining right. Later in 1919 Borden pass a bill letting all women to vote (Evidence 2) which shows us that women has gain a lot of rights. So Sir Robert Borden does deserve to be on the 100 dollar bill because he was a big reason on how women got the right to vote. Women got their right first in 1917 when nurses were allowed to vote, by march 1918 all women were allowed to vote and by 1920s women were qualified to hold elected public office.
By: Shen Zhang
Does Borden Deserves to be on the $100 dollar bill ?
Income taxes
Yes, Robert Borden deserves to be on the $100 dollar bill because he had introduced Income taxes formally known as the Income war taxes act of 1917. During World War One Canada had faced harsh financially times. Due to the severe lost in money, Canada was strictly monitoring over how much things they buy or spend. To save money they introduced rationing on everyday items, they introduced war time bond savings and they started charging taxes on tobacco and moved towards putting tax on trains, tickets, medicine, tea and more. Then the goods and services taxes were introduced by the Dominion Government. Finally in 1917 they established Income war taxes Act of 1917. This act expands the Business Profit War taxes to help support the war efforts. Borden deserves to be on the $100 dollar bill because he introduced an income tax which has benefited us today.

http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/firstworldwar/025005-3300-e.html
http://cas-ncr-nter03.cas-satj.gc.ca/portal/page/portal/tcc-cci_Eng/About/Full_history
Canadian Sources: Investigated 1914 to the present page 3

Caption: Canadians were subject to numerous “temporary” taxes to help the Canadian Government fund the War effort. By the end of the First World War, an additional penny, or two, levy could be found on everything from stamps to tobacco. This caricature depicts a typical Canadian saddled with the additional burden of
war taxes.
Borden's desevres It
Borden's leadership during the World War One was remarkable. At home, his wartime government was responsible for the War Measures Act (1914), the first measures of the direct taxation by the Ottawa government (the Wartime Business Profits Tax, 1916, and the "temporary" Income Tax, 1917), the nationalization of the Canadian Northern Railway as the first step in the creation of the CNR, now known today as Canadian National (CN), and after the collapse of voluntary enlistment, the Military Service Act, 1917 (Conscription).
Does Bordon deserve his place on the hundread dollar bill?
Sir Robert Borden deserves his place on the $100 dollar bill because, had had the guts to go out into the frontlines and see the conditions that the soldiers had to go through. Borden stayed committed to the war and supported the soldeiers who were supporting the nation. If Canada was going help Britain in the war, then Borden did it the right way. He had to use conscription and help the Great Britain in defeating Germany. According to britannica.com he invested 35 million dollars for three battleships and 2 billion dollars in just for the war. Borden has also introuduced the military service act, which means that he can replace the soldiers who had died or got severely injured in the war. Rober Borden did this, so we can honour those who have put their life at risk for the country. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/73920/Sir-Robert-Borden
Fear and Suspicion
Does Bordon Deserve To Be On The $100 Bill?
I think that bordon does deserve to be on the $100 bill. The reason I think this is because Bordon did introduce taxes to the country. Also another reason why i think that Bordon should be on the $100 bill is that he also gave the women the right to vote. Robert Bordon did make this country the way it is today and therefore i think that Bordon should be on the $100 bill.

by: Aaron Steele
By: Sanushka. S
By: Rushi thaker
OTHER MAJOR THINGS BORDEN DID:
-Introduced taxes
(http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/featured/why-do-we-pay-taxes)

-Helped Canada gain Canada's autonomy from Britain

-Gave women the right to vote (http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/socstud/foundation_gr6/blms/6-2-1f.pdf)
This world that we're a' livin' in Is mighty hard to beat: Of course there's thorns in every rose, But ain't the roses sweet!

Sir Robert borden
Be Prepared... the meaning of the motto is that a scout must prepare himself by previous thinking out and practicing how to act on any accident or emergency so that he is never taken by surprise.

Sir Robert borden
http://cas-ncr-nter03.cas-satj.gc.ca/portal/page/portal/tcc-cci_Eng/About/Full_history
http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/firstworldwar/025005-3300-e.html
I have come to conclusion that Sir Robert Borden does have the right to be placed on the Canadian hundred dollar bill. I say this because; Prime Minister Robert Borden led Canada through World War 1, eventually committing 500,000 troops to the war effort. Because of Sir Robert Borden we are who we are right this minute; Borden had been appalled to discover that Canada was being treated as a backwater colony, despite our nation’s war effort. After hard bargaining he wrung recognition from the British that Canada was equal in status to the mother country. This man also won a voice in the councils of empire, representation at the peace conference. Thus, after Sir Robert Borden remarkable leadership during the World War One, I say that Prime Minister Robert Borden deserves the pedestal of being on the hundred dollar bill.
Remarkable
Leadership
Arthiha Thangarjah
Borden does deserve his place in the $100 bill:
I believe that Borden does derserve his place on the $100 bill. After Borden was elected Prime Minister of Canada, Canada was able to contribute more to World War I. Even though some may think his conscription policy was not the right idea, it was neccessary to win the war. During the middle of the war, no one was brave enough to fight in the war, but already hundreds lives have been lost alreay and it would be disrespectful if we the soldiers die in vain. Borden also pledge himself to equal women suffrage during his campaign.
Sources:
http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/robert-borden-e.aspx
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Borden
By: Edmond Ma
Full transcript