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Dance History

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Kavika Kane

on 26 July 2014

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Transcript of Dance History

STORIES
of
DANCE From Past to Present From Past
to
Present Past
and
Present 1453
Dancing was used in a formalized
state as part of religious services,
as in Bergorgio di Botta's dinner ballet
in Italy. 1489
Bergorgio di Botta's dinner celebrating the marriage of Gian Galeazzo, Duke of Milan, where each entrée was preceeded by a dance is considered one "the first ballets." The first ballet, "Le Ballet Comique de la
Reine", choreographed by Balthasar de
Beaujoyeaux, Oct 15, 1580, combined
French & Italian elements of dance, music,
& spectacle into a dramatic whole for the
first time. In 1581, the 14 yr old bride to Duke of Orleans (later Henry II of France) Catherine de Medici presents the Ballet Comique de la Reine at the French court , one of 1st ballet performances. 1660 2011 (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 1661
Academie Royale de Danse founded in Paris. Jean Baptiste Lully (1632-1687), musician, composer & dancer, ran what would become the Paris Opera Ballet with an iron hand. 1700 1600 1800 1900 1681
Paris Opera opens . Louis Pecourt is 1st male profess-ional dancer, & dancing begins to become a profess-ion, rather than a court pas-time. 1671
Paris Opera opens . Louis Pecourt is 1st male professional dancer, & dancing begins to become a profession, rather than a court pastime. Past Before Louis XIV to Present Louis XIV in equestrian ballet & as the Sun King in "Le Ballet de la Nuit", 1653. He used ballet de cour (court ballets) to entertain & govern. During his reign this style of performance peaked & declined. The festivities were extravagant & vulgar, frequently lasting for days at a time. It involved the important people of the court. Its form was a series of entrées or dances on a theme. 1645. King Louis XIV dances for the first time in public at
age 7.His teacher, Pierre Beauchamps creates 5 positions
of feet (c. 1700) Carlotta Grisi & husband, danseur & ballet master Jules Perrot, (co-choreographer of Giselle with Jean Corelli) , in Esmeralda (1844), ballet based on Victor Hugo's novel The Huncback of Notre Dame. He was her teacher & partner, & for 7 years, her husband. She became the 1st Giselle in June 28, 1841. She had Essler's drama with Taglioni's delicacy & etherealness. He was known for his speed, turns, leaps- & was called the greatest dancer in the world. His teacher, A. Vestris, advised him to never stop moving because of his homely looks. 1841. First "Giselle" danced by Carlotta Grisi 1903 1903. Anna Pavlova dances Giselle in St. Petersburg, Russia. 1909 Diaghilev's 1st season of the Ballets Russes debuts in Paris with "Le Pavilion d'Armide". Maya Plisetskaya dances the "Dying Swan" Mikhail Baryshnikov in "Giselle" Anna Pavlova Anna Pavlova in "The Dying Swan" The Art of Baroque Dance Best dance scenes from
"Le Roi Danse" Reminiscing about Diaghilev Ballet Russes. Trailer Margot Fonteyn as
"Cinderella"
1957 "Swan Lake"
with
Margot Fonteyn & Rudolf Nureyev
1960s "Swan Lake" with
Rudolf Nureyev Ninette de Valois Viviana Durante as Aurora
in
"Sleeping Beauty" Sarah Lamb & Yohei Sasaki
in
"Sleeping Beauty" Bluebird Pas de Deux Balanchine's "Symphony in C"
Pacific NW Ballet
2009 Balanchine's "Allegro Brilliante"
Miami City Ballet 2009-10 Balanchine's "Four Temperaments"
Boston Ballet 2009 Balanchine's "Apollo"
National Ballet of Canada
2011 New York City Ballet
Class with
Sofiane Sylve and Mikhail Baryshnikov Balanchine's "Prodigal Son" Ballet West "Alice's Adventure in Wonderland"
National Ballet of Canada In rehearsal with Alexei Ratmansky & his
"Russian Seasons"
with National Ballet of Canada Renaissance Italian and Baroque Dance Tamara Karsavina Talks Diaghilev exhibit at the Victoria and Albert Ballet Russe turns 100.
2009 Alexandra Danilova and Frederick Franklin in
"Gaite Parisienne" "Onegin"
National Ballet of Canada Balanchine & Kirstein George Balanchine Balanchine rehearsing Baryshnikov in "Orpheus" Lincoln Kirstein at SAB Balanchine in Venice
1926 Cecilia Franca Serge Diaghilev Balanchine's "Apollon Musegate" Edward Villella in Balanchine's "Prodigal Son Suzanne Farrell "Le Ballet Comique de la Reine" 1588
Orchesographie- written by a priest, JehanTabourot, aka Thoinot Arbeau's book that describes dance of the period (pavane, gavotte, etc.) and its history, including use of turnout. 1669
Louis XIV ceases to dance in public 1671
Paris Opera opens . Louis Pecourt is 1st male professional dancer, & dancing begins to become a profession, rather than a court pastime. 1681
Professional female dancers appear at the Paris Opera for the first time. Mlle de la Fontaine was 1st. 1699
Choregraphie (Art of Describing the Dance), a manual of dance notation by Feuillet published He devised a notation system & provides complete definition of principles of dance, including en dehors, & port de bras, 1706
John Weaver, dancer, choreographer, teacher, translates Feuillet’s book. He is 1st teacher to insist that dance instructors should have knowledge of anatomy. 1717
Weaver’s The Loves of Mars and Venus, one of 1st ballet without words, performed at Drury Lane, London. It is also 1st ballet d'action. 1725
Pierre Rameau's book, Ma^itre `a Danser (Dancing Master) describes pirouettes, beaten steps, and jetés, also much emphasis on the arms. (The entire second half of the book is devoted to the use of the arms.) 1726
Marie Camargo debuts at the Paris Opera. 1st to do entrechats, cabrioles. Royal Danish Ballet founded. 1735
Les Indes Galantes opens at the Paris Opera 1738
Imperial Ballet School founded in St. Petersburg by Jean-Baptiste Landé. He was invited to teach in Russia by Empress Anna in 1734. 1760
Noverre publishes his Letters on Dancing and Ballet, defining 7 basic movements of ballet. He develops ballet d’action, a more dramatic, cohesive form of ballet, told a story with movement & facial expression. Balanchine's "Liebeslieder Waltzer" Balanchine's "Tzigane" Twyla Tharp's "Sinatra Suite" 1713
School of Dance established at Paris Opera 1760
Salvatore Vigano simplifies costumes, & footwear. Creates mime: "Shall we dance". Louis XIV 1692 Pierre Beauchamps Louis XIV Louis XIV 1673. Louis XIV Louis XIV 2000 1900 1800 1700 Igor Stravinsky Vaslav Nijinsky 1681
Professional female dancers appear at the Paris Opera for the first time Mlle de la Fontaine was 1st. 1699
Choregraphie (Art of Describing the Dance), a manual of dance notation by Feuillet published He devised a notation system & provides complete definition of principles of dance, including en dehors, & port de bras, 1706
John Weaver, dancer, choreographer, teacher, translates Feuillet’s book. He is the first teacher to insist that dance instructors should have knowledge of anatomy. 1669
Louis XIV ceases to dance in public 1717
Weaver’s The Loves of Mars and Venus, one of 1st ballet without words, performed at Drury Lane, London. It is also first ballet d'action. 1725
Pierre Rameau's book, Maitre`a Danser (Dancing Master) describes pirouettes, beaten steps, and jetés, also much emphasis on the arms. (The entiresecond half of the book is devoted to the use of the arms.) 1726
Marie Camargo debuts at the Paris Opera. 1st to do entrechats, cabrioles.
Royal Danish Ballet founded. 1735
Les Indes Galantes opens at the Paris Opera 1738
Imperial Ballet School founded in St. Petersburg by Jean-Baptiste Landé. He was invited to teach in Russia by Empress Anna in 1734 1760
Noverre publishes his Letters on Dancing and Ballet, defining 7 basic movements of ballet. He develops ballet d’action, a more dramatic, cohesive form of ballet, told a story with movement & facial expression.
Salvatore Vigano simplifies costumes,& footwear. Creates mime: "Shall we dance". 1772
Auguste Vestris makes his debut at the Paris Opera at age 12.
Maximilean Gardel the first dancer to appear without a mask, causing uproar. 1776
Predecessor of The Bolshoi Ballet founded.Jean Georges Noverre becomes director of the Academie Royale of The Paris Opera Ballet. 1778
Mozart's ballet "Les Petits Riens" with choreography by Noverre opens in Paris.La Scala Milan opens. 1781
Gaetano Vestris, considered one of great dancers of all time, appears in London with his equally famous & great son. Parliament stops its sessions so members could attend all performan-ces at Covent Garden. 1782
G. Vestris retires. M. Roussel's dancing academy opens in Baltimore. Forerunner of Kirov Ballet founded. (1783) 1785
John Durang's debut in Philadelphia, dancing a Peasant Dance 1786
"La Fille mal Gardee" –choreographed by Jean Dauberval, pupil of Noverre, first comic ballet with ordinary people as subject Also oldest surviving ballet into present time. Boston Ballet performed it in 2002-03, with Frederick Ashton's choreography. 1792
M. & Mme Placide arrive in the U.S. to present ballets and "feats of activity in the French taste", including "The Bird Catcher". John Durang , first American professional dancer tours with them. 1798
Post-Revolution designers change ballet costuming; heels and masks disappear as well as any other dress suggestive of the aristocracy. 1801
"The Creatures of Prometheus" opens, with choreography by Vigano, music by Ludwig von Beethoven. Charles Didelot goes to teach in Russia, & reorganiz-ed the teaching system of the Imperial School. 1808
"Cinderella" a ballet spectacle, opens at New York's Park Theatre for 13 nights. 1812
Imperial Dancing Academy formed in Milan. Salvatore Vigano becomes ballet master at La Scala, Milan.
Progress in development of ballet shifts from France to Italy 1815
"Flore & Zephyre" – Charles Didelot (pupil of Noverre & Dauberval) was first to use “invisible “wires to present “flying” dancers 1820
Treatise on the Art of Dance by Carlo Blasis (Pupil of Daubeval & Vigano) published, emphasizing 90˙ turnout, codifying ballet technique. Credited with inventing spotting & attitude position. He was also a poet, composer, writer. 1827
Marie Taglioni premieres at the Paris Opera 1829
August Bournonville becomes director of the Royal Danish Ballet, succeeding father Antoine & enriching the co. with some 50 works 1832
Marie Taglioni's "La Sylphide" premieres, ushering in the Romantic Era in ballet. She was the first to dance on pointe 1834
Fanny Elssler debuts in Paris, with own danse tacquetée style – quick, precise, small steps that contrasts with Taglioni’s danse balloonée or etherealness 1836
In Paris, Fanny Elssler dances "La Cacucha".Bournonville's "La Sylphide" is first ballet to use national folk themes.Augusta Maywood's makes New York debut. 1839
American dancer Augusta Maywood debuts at the Paris Opera. 1840
Fanny Elssler begins American tour. American George Washington Smith achieves fame as Elssler's partner. 1841
"Giselle", choreography by Coralli/Perrot premieres.Petipa debuts at the Paris Opera. Christian Johansson goes to Russia as Taglioni's partner, & remained there, teaching. 1842
"Napoli" choreographed by Bournonville premieres.A. Vestris dies.
Elssler dances "La Fille Mal Gardée" during her last performance in U.S. She stayed 2 years instead of months as initially planned. 1845
"Pas de Quatre" staged in London by Perrot. 1846
In France, the Golden Age of ballet begins to wane. 1847
Marius Petipa goes to St. Petersburg.A. Maywood as Giselle in N.Y.
Viennese Children dance in New York 1848
Jules Perrot goes to teach in Russia & stays until 1859.
Fanny Elssler makes Russian debut in "Giselle". 1856
"Le Corsaire" debuts. 1859
St. Leon goes to teach in Russia until 1867, when he is appointed ballet master of Paris Opera. 1862
Emma Livry's costume catches fire during a rehearsal at the Paris Opera. She dies the following year.
Petipa's first great success, "The Daughter of Pharaoh", opens in Russia. 1864
"The Little Hump-backed Horse" , first ballet with a Russian theme, is produced by St. Leon in St. Petersburg 1866
"The Black Crook" opens a 475 night run in New York.
Degas begins to paint his ballet scenes.
Paul Gerdt becomes premier danseur at Imperial Theatre & remains in Russia for 50 years. 1869
Marius Petipa becomes principal ballet master in St. Petersburg, Russia. "Don Quixote" choreographed by Petipa, debuts. 1870
Saint-Leon's final & best work, "Coppelia" with music by Delibes debuts in Paris. 1876
Renaissance of romantic ballet begins in Russia, a result of Petipa & other European ballet teachers & choreographers working there. 1898
"Raymonda" choreographed by Petipa, debuts.32 Fouettée turns are introduced by Pierina Legnani 1895
Petipa/Ivanov's "Swan Lake" opens. 1892
Petipa's "The Nutcracker" premieres.
Jules Perrot dies Aug. 29 1891
Stepanov's book of dance notation published. 1890
"The Sleeping Beauty" premieres in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Madison Square Gardens in NYC, NY, opens with Espinosa as ballet master. 1881
George Washington Smith opens dance studio in Philadelphia, PA.
Blocked pointe shoes began to appear.Anna Pavlova born. 1877
Petipa's "La Bayadere" premieres.
Petipa requires all corps de ballet dancers to dance en pointe.First "Swan Lake" opens in Moscow. 1999
Anna Marie Holmes resigns as AD of Boston Ballet 1998
Jerome Robbins dies. 1903
Anna Pavlova dances "Giselle" in St. Petersburg, Russia. 1904
Isadora Duncan performs in Russia.Michel Fokine arranges "The Dying Swan" for Pavlova.
George Balanchine & Frederick Ashton born. 1907
Michel Fokine’s "Les Sylphide/Chopiniana" created, with Anna Pavlova as lead. 1909
Diaghilev's first season of the Ballets Russes in Pariswith "Les Sylphides". Ballet school of Metropolitan Opera opens 1910
Fokine's "Firebird", "Scheherezade" & "Carnival" debut.
Pavlova's and Mordkin's first appearance in U.S. in N.Y.C.Petipa dies.
First "Swan Lake" in England, with Olga Preobrajenska 1911
Fokine’s "Petrushka" & "Le Spectre de la Rose" debut. Ballet Russe first appears in London.Dalcroze establishes Institute near Dresden 1912
Nijinsky’s "L'Apres-midi d'un Faune" opens to much controversy 1913
"The Rite of Spring/Sacre du Printemps" choreographed by Nijinsky, opens to riots in Paris."Daphnis and Chloe" premieres.Pavlova forms her own touring company, leaves Russia never to return. 1915
Diaghilev's Ballets Russes' first American tour. 1917
Nijinsky dances for the last time in public.
"Parade" debuts, with sets and costumes by Picasso 1918
Nichols Sergeyev leaves Russia with notation of the great Maryinski ballets which formed the base for most Western productions since. 1919
"La Boutique Fantasque" and "The Three Cornered Hat", both choreographed by Leonid Massine premiere. Vaganova begins her teaching career.
Margot Fonteyn born. 1923
"Les Noces" debuts, choreographed by Nijinska, Nijinsky's sister. 1924
George Balanchine and Danilova join Diaghilev. 24 yr old Balanchine beomes choreographer to Diaghlev.
Fokine forms the American Ballet.
Pavlova makes last American tour. 1926
Ninette De Valois founds her school.Ashton choreographs his first ballet.Martha Graham's 1st solo performance.Mary Wigman opens a school in Dresden 1928
Ulanova makes her debut in Leningrad"Apollon-Musagete" choreographed by Balanchine, presented by Diaghlev.
Enrico Cecchetti dies Nov. 13. 1929
Diaghilev dies, buried in Venice.Lifar becomes ballet master of the Paris Opera, reviving company over 30 yrs.
"Prodigal Son" choreographed by Balanchine, debuts. 1931
Pavlova died Jan 23rd."Facade" choreographed by Frederick Ashton.Vic-Wells ballet gives its first performance. 1932
The Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo founded."The Flames of Paris" byVianonen."The Green Table" choreographed byJoos. 1933
1st symphonic ballets, "Les Presages" and "Choreatium" by Massine.Jacob's Pillow begins.San Francisco Ballet founded by Adolph Bolm. Lincoln Kirstein asked Balanchine to U.S. to establish a school & co. 1934
School of American Ballet founded. Presents "Serenade", "Mozartiana" by Balanchine. 15 year old Margot Fonteyn debuts w/ Sadler Welles Ballet. 1936
"Symphonie Fantastique" choreographed by Massine.Ballet Caravan organized by Lincoln Kirstein & tours U.S. for 3 years, with new works by Lew Christensen William Dollar, Erick Hawkins, Eugene Loring. 1938
"Billy the Kid"choreographed by Eugene Loring premieres.Page-Stone Ballet Company formed. Willem Christensen becomes director of the San Francisco Ballet. Anthony Tudor creates psychological ballet – "Lilac Garden/Le Jardin aux Lilas" 1940
Ballet Theatre formed (later American Ballet Theater). "Romeo and Juliet". –Leonid Lavrosky, with Galina Ulanova, Bolshoi & Kirov ballerina as Juliet, Sergeyev as Romeo.
Premieres of "Graduation Ball" by David Lichine;"Concerto Barocco" by Balanchine Robbins' "Goldberg Variations" Robbins's "Fancy Free"
Full transcript