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Transcript of Cultural Developments
Hudson River School
-John Frederick Kensett
-this reflects on Nationalism because more artist are taking pride in there country and our starting to paint American land and not just Euorpean.
-Sunset Over the Palisades on the Hudson
-Sanford R. Gifford
-this reflects Nationalism because Gifford is taking pride in America and painting that land and not Europe's land
Rocky Mountain School
-Into the Valley
-Mark Kelvin Horton
-this reflects on nationalism because they are appreciating the landscape of there country and not others
-Rocky Mountain Majesty
-Charles Partridge Adams
-this reflects on nationalism because of the appreciation of there own country and the mountains
-Travel By Stagecoach Near Trenton NJ
-Pavel Petrovich Svinin
-reflects nationalism by showing how they are living now
-A Chat After Meeting
-Edward Lamson Henry
-helped reflect nationalism by showing how they lived and what they are doing in the new country!
-primary plantation of Thomas Jefferson Jefferson designed, was based on the classical principles described in the books of the Italian Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio. He had it redone through much of his presidency to include elements popular in late 18th century Europe. It contains many of his own design. The house is situated on the summit of an 850-foot high peak in the Southwest Mountains south of the Rivanna Gap
-Virginia State Capital
-Thomas Jefferson is credited with the overall design of the new Capitol with French architect Charles-Louis Clérisseau. The design was modeled after the Maison Carrée at Nîmes in south France an ancient Roman temple. The only other state to accurately copy an ancient model is the Vermont State House, which based its portico on the Temple of Hephaestus in Athens. Jefferson had Clérisseau substitute the Ionic order over the more ornate Corinthian column designs of the prototype in France. At the suggestion of Clérisseau, it used a variant of the Ionic order designed by Italian student of Andrea Palladio, Vincenzo Scamozzi.
-St. Thomas Church
- It was built by William B. Philips a master mason employed by Thomas Jefferson during the construction of the University of Virginia. It was enlarged and improved in 1853, and enlarged again in 1912. In 1928, the rear addition was raised to a full two stories and a parish hall constructed. The original church is believed to have been based on the plans by Thomas Jefferson for Christ Church in Charlottesville, Virginia. That church was demolished in 1895
-Oliver Wendell Holmes
-he began writing poetry for his own amusement. Before the end of the year, he had produced over fifty poems, contributing twenty-five of them to The Collegian, a short-lived publication started by friends from Harvard. Four of these poems would ultimately become among his best-known: "The Dorchester Giant", "Reflections of a Proud Pedestrian", "Evening / By a Tailor" and "The Height of the Ridiculous". Nine more of his poems were published anonymously in the 1830 pamphlet Illustrations of the Athenaeum Gallery of Paintings
-Hawthorne served as the editor of the American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge. During this time he boarded with the poet Thomas Green Fessenden on Hancock Street in Beacon Hill in Boston. He was offered an appointment as weigher and gauger at the Boston Custom House at a salary of $1,500 a year, which he accepted on January 17, 1839. During his time there, he rented a room from George Stillman Hillard, business partner of Charles Sumner. Hawthorne wrote in the comparative obscurity of what he called his "owl's nest" in the family home. As he looked back on this period of his life, he wrote: "I have not lived, but only dreamed about living". He contributed short stories, including "Young Goodman Brown" and "The Minister's Black Veil", to various magazines and annuals, though none drew major attention to the author. Horatio Bridge offered to cover the risk of collecting these stories in the spring of 1837 into one volume, Twice-Told Tales, which made Hawthorne known locally.
-John Greenleaf Whittier
-Whittier was first introduced to poetry by a teacher. His sister sent his first poem, "The Exile's Departure", to the Newburyport Free Press without his permission and its editor, William Lloyd Garrison, published it on June 8, 1826. He attended Haverhill Academy from 1827 to 1828 and completed a high school education in only two terms.
Garrison gave Whittier the job of editor of the National Philanthropist. Shortly after a change in management, Garrison reassigned him as editor of the weekly American Manufacturer in Boston. Whittier became an out-spoken critic of President Andrew Jackson, and by 1830 was editor of the prominent New England Weekly Review in Hartford, Connecticut, the most influential Whig journal in New England. In 1833 he published The Song of the Vermonters, 1779, which he had anonymously inserted in The New England Magazine. The poem was erroneously attributed to Ethan Allen for nearly sixty years.