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Transcript of Cuba
What can we learn from Cuba?
Laura - Educational Strategies
by Raina Stetson
Arts and Humanities
The revolution's stated goal is to nurture the development of each citizen's abilities, even if those talents are not economically productive.
The Official Language of Cuba is : Spanish!
Colonized by Spain in 1511
Spanish settlers brought their language with them
Hand in Hand???
Writers are viewed as visionary thinkers.
Protest art, which was once banned, has since become more permissive due to its lucrative nature in regards to foreign countries.
Expressive language, music, and dance are a cultural heritage that Cubans express frequently.
Jose Marti, a poet and hero of Cuban Nationalism, had great influence on the now significantly more relaxed censorship surrounding literary expression.
As of 1987, literary laws now allow critical ideas to be debated openly as long as they do not incite treason.
Cuba is known world wide for the National Ballet of Cuba, whose founder and artistic director, Alicia Alonso, continues to guide and regularly attends performances.
Since 1959, film has been a popular and successful form of art, Havana, hosting the nationally renown New Latin American Film Festival annually.
Courtney, Laura, Charlotte, Raina, Kelly, Shelby
1492: Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba
1527: First African slaves arrive
1607: Havana officially named Capital
1868: Ten Years' War Begins
1886: Slavery Abolished
1898: Spanish-American War; Invasion of Guantánamo Bay
1508: Sebastián de Ocampo confirms Cuba is an island
1959: Fidel Castro becomes Premier
1961: Bay of Pigs invasion
1962: Cuba expelled from Organizations of American States
2008: Castro announces
he will not be President/up for re-election again
Highest Literacy Rate in Latin America! 97%!
Yo si puedo!
Teachers really get to know their students, they stay with them longer than they do in the U.S.
Education is a responsibility!
Yes I Can! philosophy
"The One Who Knows Teaches The One Who Doesn't"
Participation of Population in Educational Projects
Elementary teachers work with only 15 students and follow those students from Grade 1 to 6.
Ten Years' War
Middle school teachers work with a maximum of 20 students and teach them from Grade 7 to 9.
First of three wars Cuba fought against Spain for their independence
Also known as the Great War or War of '68
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes began an uprising
Ended with the signing of the Pact of Zanjón
Cuba recognizes that higher education is a human right and a public social good.
War of Independence
Social, political, and economic change
Last of three liberation wars Cuba fought against Spain
Became/also known as the Spanish-American War (1898)
Ended with American intervention
Acquisitions of weapons was hard for the people to come by
Americans were captivated with the Cuban war for years via newspapers, the public, "media"
Sinking of the Maine fueled American anger and created an opening for American troops to enter into the war
Fundamental social and economic reforms were demanded by Cuban planters and business owners
Cuban Presence in the U.S.
1.7 million Cubans live in the U.S as of 2010
Of the 1.7 million Cubans in the U.S...
70% live in Florida (1.2 million) 4.2% live in California
4.7% live in New Jersey 1.9% live in Texas
4.5% live in New York
Cubans are considered "Caribbean".
Other Caribbean islands include Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Bahamas, and Haiti.
Race, Age, and Family Stats of Cuban Americans
1.2 million Cuban Americans consider
themselves to be "white".
88,000 consider themselves to be "black"
Remaining consider themselves Hispanic or "some other race"
Education and Income
63% of foreign-born Cuban Americans are married,
Only 38% U.S.-born Cubans are married.
Almost 50% of U.S.-born Cuban Americans are single,
Compared with 10.7% of Cuban Americans born in Cuba.
Median age of Cuban Americans is 40 years old
This is significantly higher than Hispanics as a whole
Two parent households account for 68% of the Cuban American population
Average size of Cuban household is 3.18 people
547 Cuban Americans live in Washoe County
29% of Cuban Americans are under the age of 25 (compared to 46% of Hispanics as a whole).
25% of Cuban Americans have a college degree
2,000+ Cuban American medical doctors in Miami area
Average income is $38,000
13% of Cubans under 18 are in poverty
61% of Cubans own their own home
In 1959, 250,000 Cubans immigrated to the United States after Fidel Castro overthrew Dictator Batista.
From 1965-1973, 300,000 family members of recent Cuban immigrants chose to join them.
Mariel Boat Lift of 1980 - 125,000 Cubans "visited" family in the United States.
Cubans attempted to travel to the U.S. by boat to see family, but many died or were apprehended by the U.S. and sent to centers at Guantanamo Bay
49% of all Cuban Americans graduate high school
Man is considered the head of the house hold
Two-fifths to half of Cubans have access to hard currency such as U.S. dollars.
Within the home the woman is usually in control (girl power!) and does most of the domestic work
Families often house extended family members in the same house.
The traditional family pattern where the children are cared for by the grandparents has been substantially replaced by day cares and other institutions.
The community also serves as an extended family.
Ernest Hemmingway is extremely important to Cuban culture. His novel The Old Man and the Sea set in Cuba.
Rich in African and Spanish influences.
Pork is the meat of choice in a traditional meal which is accompanied by rice and beans.
White rice and black beans together are called arroz con gri which means rice with gravy.
A meal is rounded off by fried green plantains called tostones or mariquitas and ripe plantains called maduros round out the meal.
Drinks consist of guarapo (sugar cane juice) and rum.
Due to poor economic conditions the traditional meal is a thing of the past. Under the Special Period meals now consist of a piece of bread a day, three eggs per week, and a portion of fish or chicken a month. Milk is only for children under 8 years old.