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Copy of Greek Mythology
Transcript of Copy of Greek Mythology
Influence on Greek Society
African Masks, Chinese Paintings, and Eastern Asian Art
Demeter and Persephone
Demeter is the goddess of the harvest, and although all the gods jobs were important Demeter's job was most important. If she got even the slightest bit upset, the crops could die. Everyone, both the gods and mortals tried their best to keep her happy. What made her most happy however was her sweet curious daughter, Persephone.
Daughter of Demeter. She was the star if her moms life, but her mom was over protective. She didn't let her wonder off. But as she got older and more and more curious. She was defiant of her mother. she wondered off to go explore the world.
Persephone; however, had grown into a beautiful woman whom Hades, her uncle, had soon noticed. Hades ,usually a pessimistic person, had fallen in love instantly. Before anyone could stop him, he kidnapped Persephone. He immediately took her deep into the depths of the dead kingdom.
Examples of How Things Came to Be
Examples through Media
"Bored to Death"
What impact did ancient Greek
have on literature?
Zues sent a bull to earth the Queen Pasiphae slept with it and gave birth to new form of being called a Minotour, a creature half man half bull. Her husband King Minos was embarrassed but instead of killing the Minotaur he hid it in a Labyrinth built by Daedalus.
According to the legends Minos was capturing his enemies and putting them in the Labyrinth so that the Minotaur could eat them. Since the labyrinth was so complicated no one could ever find the way out so they all died.
Theseus was hero of Athens. He was the son of both Aegeus and Poseidon (his mother Aethera had slept with both in one night.) Like most typical heroes he battled and overcame foes / obstacles
King Minos lived on an island called Crete. King Minos a tyrant had a powerful navy, a beautiful daughter, and a really big palace. Now and then however he still became bored. Whenever that happened he took his navy and attacked Athens. In desperation the king of Athens offered to send seven boys and seven girls every nine years to be eaten by the Minotaur.
Nine years passed quickly and everyone began to panick, no one wanted to go and the King of Athens felt it wrong to force them. But a deal was a deal so Theseus the prince decided to end the terror and slay the beast. Although his father begged him not to go the prince took his place as the seventh boy.
Upon arrival the princess Ariadne took pity upon Theseus and gave him tools (A sword and the ball of string) to beat the maze and Minotaur which he left by the gate of the maze.
The next morning the children and Theseus were forced into the maze where the door was locked behind them. Theseus tied one end of the string to the door, then entered the maze leaving the children with the task of keeping the string in place.
Eventually he found his way to the center of the maze. Using the sword Theseus killed the Minotaur. He then followed the string back and knocked on the door. Princess Ariadne was waiting and opened the door. Without anyone noticing Theseus and the children ran back to their ship and sailed away.
Zeus had three sisters; Hera, Hestia, and Demeter.
Locked in a room down in the Underworld, Persephone had cried for hours. She refused to speak to Hades. But she had also refused to eat, remembering -a legend she grew up hearing- if she ate anything in the underworld she would never be able to leave. She did not know if the legend was true or not, but hoping for a quick rescue she starved in hope she would be free.
Almost a week went by. Finally, she gave into her unbearable hunger. Persephone ate six pomegranate seeds. She soon realized, she would have to live in the Underworld forever.
Demeter, realizing persephone's fate, mourned the loss of her daughter. in her stricken grief all the crops on earth had died. in desperation the mortals all prayed for Zues begging for his help. although zues could not completely free persephone due to the fact that shed eaten from the underworld he gave her a deal.
Since she had eaten only six seeds, she had to spend six of the months in the underworld. And the other six, she got to return to her mother. That is why we have the changing seasons. So for the six months of Winter Demeter had mourned her missing daughtet, so no crops grew. and the other six she was happy so crops furished.
The Rivers of HELL...
Charon, is the ferryman of Hades. He carries the newly dead souls across the rivers Styx and Acheron that divided the world of the living from the world of the dead. A coin to pay Charon for passage, usually an obolus or danake, was sometimes placed in or on the mouth of a dead person.
There are five rivers total:
Acheron, river of woe; Lethe, river of forgetfullness; Styx, river that marked the entrance to Death, across which the Dead were ferried by Charon; Phlegethon, river of fire; and Cocytus, river of wailing.
Dante said there was one river, but it went by different names in different regions. These names were Acheron, Styx, Phlegethon, and Cocytus. Admittedly, he changed it to a river of blood. Instead of the Styx being the crossing-river, it was Acheron, complete with ferryman Charon.
The Styx was a marsh around the 5th circle of Hell, where the wrathful and sullen were punished. Instead of fire, the Phlegethon was hot blood into which the sinful of the 7th Circle were dipped. The Cocytus was a frozen lake in the 9th and deepest circle of Hell, reserved for betrayers and mutineers.
Odysseus, the son of Laertes, was the ruler of the island kingdom of Ithaca. He was one of the most prominent Greek leaders in the Trojan War, and was the hero of Homer's Odyssey. He was known for his cleverness and cunning, and for his eloquence as a speaker.
During this time the Battle of Troy was raging on- An alliance of Greek cities attempting to win back Helen by defeating the impenetrable city of Troy.
Odysseus was sent in to help with the war, leaving his wife behind to run the kingdom.
After the battle, Odysseus gets lost on his way back home. Trying to return to his faithful wife and son, Odysseus faced ten years of obstacles and adventures. His journey was so long and hard because he had offended Poseidon — not a good idea if you're going to travel by sea.
1. Cicones -six men lost from each ship
2. Lotus-eaters- must by force drag the intoxicated men back to boats
3. Cyclops- loses 6 men - puts out Polyphemus's eye
4. Aeolus- gives sack of winds to Odysseus- Aeolus pronounces curse on Odysseus after winds let out
5. Laestrygonians-loses all ships but his own
6. Circe- men turned to pigs
7. House of the Dead- sees Tiresias and Achilles his mother
8. Sirens- Odysseus listens
9. Scylla and Charybdis- loses six men to Scylla
10. Cattle of the Sun- loses the rest of his men-Calypso's Isle
In the end, he finally arrive home, and finds out every one thought he was dead. He must compete for his wife's hand in marriage. He wins the competition and gets to keep his wife.