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Naturalism: A Philosophical Worldview
Transcript of Naturalism: A Philosophical Worldview
A Philosophical Worldview
Questions to Consider
Atheism is a disbelief or lack of belief
in the existence of a god or gods.
Do you think that Naturalism is
a branch of Atheism?
What is Naturalism?
The Origin of Naturalism
Modern Day Naturalism
There is no proof there is a god
The intent of Naturalism is not to search for a god, but for the pursuit of knowledge
Everything is created and fulfilled by nature
625 - 547 B.C.E
Relied on reason and observation of nature.
Eliminated supernatural forces from the understanding of the universe
Beyond the Milesian foundation of Thales and Anaximander, other philosophers built upon the ancient naturalist doctrine.
Naturalism seeks to gain knowledge on how nature's workings through critical thinking, logic, and science, abandoning supernatural explanations.
Based on Darwin
“The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology” (1896)
Roy Wood Sellars
“Why Naturalism and Not Materialism”
Focus on nature of physical world, explaining "supernatural phenomenons" with science.
the world was in constant change
that humans must abandon all supernatural attempts to explain reality
and that laws exist that guide naturethat cannot be understood by humans.
Changes and Classification of Naturalism
What Does it Mean to be Human?
Ontological (Metaphysical) Naturalism
Branches of Naturalism
All humans are created by circumstance
Humans are just a "small piece"
All issues can be solved with scientific education and involvement with secular organizations
Improvement of individual for society
Human rights and improving the standard of living
Methods of learning about nature
Extend the scientific method and the mind's ability to think critically and pose questions
Study of Natural Sciences can answer all questions
A spiritual energy exists to power our global systems
Environment should be cherished due to significance to humanity.
Sense of nothingness.
A Basic Thesis
Perspective of Humanity
The Human Existence
Evidence through scientific approach
'Knowing' can only stem from trialed evidence and research
A Measure of Worth
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