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Naturalism: A Philosophical Worldview

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Chanyce Williams

on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of Naturalism: A Philosophical Worldview

Naturalism:
A Philosophical Worldview

Questions to Consider
Atheism is a disbelief or lack of belief
in the existence of a god or gods.
Class Discussion
Do you think that Naturalism is
a branch of Atheism?
Why?
What is Naturalism?
The Origin of Naturalism
Modern Day Naturalism
There is no proof there is a god
The intent of Naturalism is not to search for a god, but for the pursuit of knowledge
Everything is created and fulfilled by nature
Thales
625 - 547 B.C.E
Relied on reason and observation of nature.

Anaximander
Eliminated supernatural forces from the understanding of the universe
Ancient Naturalism
Beyond the Milesian foundation of Thales and Anaximander, other philosophers built upon the ancient naturalist doctrine.
Naturalism seeks to gain knowledge on how nature's workings through critical thinking, logic, and science, abandoning supernatural explanations.
John Dewey
Based on Darwin
Instrumentalism
“The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology” (1896)
Sidney Hook
"Dewey's Bulldog"
Ethical Naturalism.
Roy Wood Sellars
“Why Naturalism and Not Materialism”
Materialism
Naturalism
Supernaturalism
Evolutionary Naturalism
Xenophanes
Focus on nature of physical world, explaining "supernatural phenomenons" with science.
Heraclitus
Believed:

the world was in constant change
that humans must abandon all supernatural attempts to explain reality
and that laws exist that guide naturethat cannot be understood by humans.
Summary
Changes and Classification of Naturalism
What Does it Mean to be Human?
Francis Bacon
Ontological (Metaphysical) Naturalism
Methodological Naturalism
Branches of Naturalism
Naturalistic Pantheists
Naturalistic Theists
All humans are created by circumstance
Humans are just a "small piece"
All issues can be solved with scientific education and involvement with secular organizations
Improvement of individual for society
Human rights and improving the standard of living
Methodological
Methods of learning about nature
Extend the scientific method and the mind's ability to think critically and pose questions
Metaphysical
Study of Natural Sciences can answer all questions
A spiritual energy exists to power our global systems
Environment should be cherished due to significance to humanity.
Sense of nothingness.
Daniel Gavrilin
Mira Hamilton

Afiya Sa-ra
Chanyce Williams

A Basic Thesis
Perspective of Humanity
The Human Existence
Evidence through scientific approach
'Knowing' can only stem from trialed evidence and research
A Measure of Worth
Works Cited
"Anaximander By Individual Philosopher Philosophy." Anaximander By Individual Philosopher Philosophy. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.
"The Center for Naturalism." The Center for Naturalism. Center for Naturalism, 2006. Web. 07 Sept. 2013.
Chaffee, John. The Philosopher's Way: Thinking Critically about Profound Ideas. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. Print.
"Critical Thinking Quote: Aristotle - ProCon.org." ProConorg Headlines. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.
"Critical Thinking Quote: Francis Bacon - ProCon.org." ProConorg Headlines. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.
"Daily Kos." News Community Action. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.
"Dont Forget to Be Awesome Inspirational Quote - Words On Images: Largest Collection Of Quotes On Images | Your Daily Doze Of Inspiration, Fun & More." Dont Forget to Be Awesome Inspirational Quote - Words On Images: Largest Collection Of Quotes On Images | Your Daily Doze Of Inspiration, Fun & More. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.
"Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Dewey, John []. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Sept. 2013.
"Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District." Kitzmiller v. Dover: Day 3, AM: Robert Pennock (continued). Talk Origins Archive, n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2013.
Klein, Jürgen. "Francis Bacon." Stanford University. Stanford University, 29 Dec. 2003. Web. 08 Sept. 2013.
Kurtz, Paul. "Darwin Re-Crucified." Darwin Re-Crucified. Free Inquiry Magazine, n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2013.
Mander, William. "Pantheism." Stanford University. Stanford University, 01 Oct. 2012. Web. 8 Sept. 2013.
"Monicks." Monicks. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.
Papineau, David. "Naturalism." Stanford University. Stanford University, 22 Feb. 2007. Web. 07 Sept. 2013.
"Ralph Dumain: "The Autodidact Project": Roy Wood Sellars: "Why Naturalism and Not Materialism"" Ralph Dumain: "The Autodidact Project": Roy Wood Sellars: "Why Naturalism and Not Materialism" N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Sept. 2013.
Schafersman, Steven D. "Naturalism Is Today An Essential Part of Science." Steven Schafersman, "Naturalism Is Today An Essential Part of Science" Conference on Naturalism, Theism and the Scientific Enterprise, n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2013.
Sidorsky, David. "Sidney Hook." Stanford University. Stanford University, 08 May 2008. Web. 8 Sept. 2013.
"Tag Archives: Cartoon." Open Parachute. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.
Viney, Donald. "Process Theism." Stanford University. Stanford University, 29 July 2004. Web. 8 Sept. 2013.
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