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Insight into Deaf Education

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Laura Guttmann

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Insight into Deaf Education

Deaf Schools:
Insight into Deaf Education
Comparing the advantages and disadvantages of inclusion and Deaf schools
Important Points in Deaf History
Quick Facts on Deaf Culture
Conference of Milan (1880)*
PL 94-142 (1975)
Board of Education v. Rowley (1982)
Cochlear Implant development (1984)*
First digital hearing aid (1988)
Deaf President Now (1988)*
Americans with Disabilities Act (1990)
No Child Left Behind (2001)
IDEA / IDEA-2004 Law (2004)
Deaf President Now II (2006)*
There are many important events in Deaf history; they are often associated with people trying to suppress Deaf people. For example, Alexander Graham Bell believed oralism was the only effective method for communication and cultural assimilation. He created a uproar in education banning ASL from a majority of schools, which hurt students sense of belonging, learning, etc. He also believed Deaf people should not marry or have children because they would bore more deaf people (statistically most deaf children have hearing parents). This is merely one example of Deaf oppression; other examples are starred on the previous slide. Thus, there is a very strong link between the history of deaf people and Deaf culture.
'deaf' is different from 'Deaf' (A uppercase D refers to those who identify with Deaf culture. A lowercase d simply denotes physical condition)
American Sign Language is a foundation for Deaf culture. It is a visual, gestural language with it's own unique grammar.
Deafness is not considered a handicap that needs to be fixed.
Has strong communal relationships
Has cultural folklore, art, stories, poetry, songs, and jokes.
There are many controversies about cochlear implants, education, sign language, and more.
Pros & Cons
Language Rich Environment
No language barrier
Equal access
Cultural access
Deaf integration
Family-like community
Easy communication
Role Models
Deaf events: sports, clubs, etc.
teacher experience with Deaf students
Teachers are most often not Deaf
Outdated teaching methods
Can be English based teaching
(negative impact on Literacy)
Students cochlear implants dilutes
education opportunity
Often far away or residential
Practice using interpreters
Practice life skills in a hearing community
More clubs
Advanced classes
College credit courses
Higher budgets
Successful interpreter may not be available
Interpreters deems unnecessary in IEP
Social barriers
Language barriers
Increased bullying
Teachers have less experience with Deaf students
Pros & Cons
* these are generalizations and vary from school and regions
* these are generalizations and vary from school and regions
Keep Deaf history and Culture in mind as we continue.

*As educators, historic events and students' culture should be considered when teaching or making an education plan.
expanding on....
social experiences
What are the benefits of exposing students to both inclusion and Deaf schools?
Circle of Courage In Relation to a Dual Experience Educational Path
Student feels some sense of belonging with both Deaf and hearing culture.

Student has more opportunities to find something to be masterful in
Student looks forward to contributing to Deaf and hearing environments
Student develops self advocacy skills and independence with and without an interpreter
Take Deaf history and culture into serious consideration
There are significant advantages & disadvantages to both inclusion and Deaf schools
Each student's situation, experiences, and comfort level differs; thus, a educational path differs for everyone.
It is suggested that students try both inclusion and Deaf schools
When planning an educational path for a students keep in mind:
Drolsbaugh, Mark. Anything but Silent. Springhouse, PA: Handwave
Publications, 2004. Print.

Padden, Carol, and Tom Humphries. Inside Deaf Culture. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard UP, 2005. Print.

Richmond, Kevin. "Deaf Education with Kevin Richmond." Interview
by Laura Guttmann. 25 Oct. 2013.
*there are many more examples
Full transcript