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Abraham Lincoln: Leader of the Nation

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Lucy Kimbell

on 28 February 2013

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Transcript of Abraham Lincoln: Leader of the Nation

March 4, 1865
Given on the newly completed East Portico of the Capitol Building. Abraham Lincoln: Leader of the Nation Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address Lincoln's Pre-Presidential Term By: Henry, Lucas, Emma , & Lucy North South Reconstruction Peace Restoring the Union MAIN IDEAS A House Divided Lincoln and Reuniting the Nation THE FUTURE; NOT THE PAST The Importance &
Main Idea Providence Unity
Justice
Freedom Lincoln believed that both and the North and South had blame for the war. He knew that neither side wanted war, but it happened anyways. In his address, Lincoln cites the war as providence for the failed attempts at compromise between the North and South, and the bad morals of the South. Before being President, Lincoln was a Senator.

On June 16, 1858, at the Illinois Republican Convention in Springfield, he gave one of his most famous speeches, which has come to be known as the "House Divided" speech. Abraham Lincoln focused on slavery so much because slavery was one of the most nationwide concerns at the time. There was millions of people affected by it, mostly African Americans. It was unlawful and inhumane, and people in the North wanted to stop it. He also focused on it because it could help him win the election in the North. The Emancipation Proclamation was created on January 1, 1863. It made all slaves in the South free, and the people in the South had to treat them as such. This also only applied to the South because "A house divided against itself cannot stand" -Abraham Lincoln North vs. South The last portrait of Abraham Lincoln is taken. http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/channel/killing-lincoln/educational-resources/videos/lincolns-second-inaugural-address/ The South Lincoln believes the South could not accept what was a human right under the promise of the Bill of Rights. He believes they sought the downfall of the Union, and that though the South was wrong, they deserve to rejoin the Union as equals.

Lincoln believes the North is at fault along with the South. Instead of congratulating the North for a victory, he speaks of the faults of America and reconciliation. He calls both sides to join arms, and expects both sides to listen. The North Providence Lincoln devotes most of his 701 word speech to hopes of peace and reconciliation. He hopes that Americas wounds will be bound, and that America will achieve a long-lasting Union and peace. He quotes religious texts several times with lines such as "to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan" and "with malice toward none, with charity toward all." Lincoln clearly addresses everyone in the audience doubtful of peace with determination and hope for the Union. Lincoln focused on freeing the slaves so much because it was one of the most nationwide concerns at the time.

Millions of people were affected by it.

It was unlawful and inhumane

Plus focusing on it could help him win the election in the North. Hope Lincoln devotes most of his 701 word speech to hopes of peace and reconciliation. He hopes that Americas wounds will be bound, and that America will achieve along-lasting Union and peace. He quotes religious texts several times with lines such as "to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan" and "with malice toward none, with charity toward all." Lincoln clearly addresses everyone in the audience doubtful of peace with determination and hope for the Union. "I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free" The Emancipation Proclamation is a document that freed all the slaves and required them to treated as other people.

It really only applied to the South because African Americans were free up North.

It was made on January 1, 1863. Lincoln made the Emancipation Proclamation because it made it harder for the South to fight the war without slave labor.

It kept Republicans supporting the war.

It helped him win the 1864 election.

It freed the slaves.

It also kept Britain out of the war. "Under the Dred Scott decision, 'squatter sovereignty' squatted out of existence, tumbled down like temporary scaffolding" The purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation was to free the slaves and to make it harder for the South to fight the war.

It also helped with the 1864 election. Lincoln began working on the 13th Amendment, which freed the slaves officially, in 1863.

It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and passed by the House on January 31, 1865.

There had been major attempts to pass this in the past, but Lincoln's was the first major attempt. MLA Citations Lincoln worked so hard to pass the 13th Amendment because it would ruin the South's economy.

Take away their labor force.

Ultimately make it harder for them to fight the war. Congress worked very hard to pass the 13th Amendment.

The Senate passed it with a 38-6 vote on April 8, 1864.

The House tried it on June 15, 1864, but failed the 2/3 majority vote with a 93-65.

The succeeded on January 31, 1865 with a 119-56. Citations -
Emancipation Proclamation. Info Please. 2013. Web. Feb 22, 2013.
Bill of Rights. Bill of Rights Institute. 2010. Web. Feb 22, 2013.
Emancipation Proclamtion Lincoln's "House Divided" Speech. PBS Online. 2013. Web. 22 Feb. 2013 Lesson 4: The Second Inaugural Address (1865)—Restoring the American Union. National Endowment for the Humanities. 2013. Web. 22 February 2013.
Looking for Lincoln Through His Words. PBS Online. 2008. Web. 22 February 2013.
Saying What Matters in 701 Words. New York Times. 2013. Web. 24 February 2013.
Abraham Lincoln: Second Inaugural Address. Bartleby. 1989. Web. 23 February 2103. "House Divided" Speech by Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln online. 2013. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. Citations -
Emancipation Proclamation. Info Please. 2013. Web. Feb 22, 2013.
Bill of Rights. Bill of Rights Institute. 2010. Web. Feb 22, 2013.
Emancipation Proclamation. Wikipedia. 2013. Web. Feb 22, 2013.
Why did Lincoln create the Emancipation Proclamation? Yahoo Answers. 2013. Web. Feb 22, 2013
13th Amendment. Mr Lincoln & Freedom. 2013. Web. Feb 22, 2013.
13th Amendment. Wikipedia. 2013. Web. Fed 22, 2013. Why did Lincoln make the Gettysburg Address? Lincoln created the Gettysburg address, so that he could give it out at the gathering the David Willis invited him to. This gathering took place several months after the initial Battle of Gettysburg and at the Soldiers National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.








David invited Lincoln to say a few words about the Battle of Gettysburg, and Lincoln saw this as his chance to honor the soldiers and the sacrifices they make in the war. The speech was about two minutes long, and his speech moved many people. After his speech there was a standing ovation of more than 15,000 people. Lincoln's message in the Gettysburg Address:
-All men are created equal therefore, should have equal rights.
-No man should be a enslaved to another man.
-A free government ran by the people, of the people, and for the people should never cease.
-everyone should honor the soldiers who died, in the war, for this cause, so that they do not die in vain and that they are not forgotten. What did Lincoln believe the the soldiers were fighting for? Lincoln believed that the soldiers were fighting over several different causes including the issue of territory being free or slave, slavery rights, and congressional power. Congress would debate about these topics for months on end but when no compromise was reached, war broke out over America. The Gettysburg Address given by Abraham Lincoln was a Dedication Speech. It was dedicated to the soldiers who lost their lives in the Civil War. Citations:
"The Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln." The Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
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"The Gettysburg Address." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
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"What Is Being Said in the Gettysburg Address?" WikiAnswers. Answers, n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. End
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