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Introduction to Islam

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Hannah Richert

on 13 September 2016

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Transcript of Introduction to Islam

Introduction to Islam
Muhammad
Muhammad was born into an important family in Mecca in
570
A Message for Muhammad
Concerned about the changing values in Mecca, Muhummad
retreated
into the hills alone to meditate and pray about social
injustice
.
According to Islamic teachings, an
angel
appeared to Muhammad in 610.
After this:
Muhammad became a
prophet
of Islam. Islam is Arabic for
"submit to God."
He recited the angel's message from God . This is the
Qur'an,
the holy book of Islam.
Muhammad began to spread his message in 613.
Muhammad's Teachings
Muhammad's Teachings Cont'd
He Challenged Old Ideas
Teachings were
familiar to Jews and Christians
, but were
new to most Arabs
.
Old ideas in the Arabian Peninsula
Polytheism
(a belief in
many
different gods)
People worshiped the saints and gods in
shrines

A very important shrine, the
Kaaba
, was in Mecca. People traveled there every year on a
pilgrimage
, a journey to a sacred place. Merchants made a lot of
money
off of these pilgrimages.
His parents died, raised by his
uncle
.
He saw many wealthy people in Mecca ignoring the poor, and that
bothered
him.
Reactions to Muhammad's Teachings
Some Arabs did not like being told to stop worshiping their
gods and goddesses
.
The merchants who made money on the pilgrimage to Kaaba saw this new religion as a threat to their
business
.
Muhammad said that everyone who believed in Allah would become part of a community in which the rich and the poor were
equal
. Many rich people did not like this teaching.
Muhammad also taught that the
rich should give money to the poor
--but many wanted to keep their money for themselves.
From Mecca to Medina
More people began to listen to Muhammad
The rulers of
Mecca
began to threaten him and his followers with violence.
In 622, he and many of his followers went to
Medina
, where they were welcomed.
Islam Spreads in Arabia
Muhammad becomes a
spiritual
and
political
leader in Medina
His house becomes the first
mosque
,
a building for public prayer
Muhammad receives new revelations from God about:
Government
Society
Worship (all Muslims should face
Mecca
when they pray)
Other Arabs begin to accept Islam
Eventually, Mecca welcomes him back in
630
.
Muhammad and his followers
destroy
all the gods and goddesses of Kaaba.
Muhammad died in 632.
There is only ONE God:
Allah
Islam is a
monotheistic
religion, meaning Muslims believe in only one God. Judaism and Christianity are also monotheistic.
Allah means:
"The God."
Shared beliefs in many of the
same prophets

as Jews and Christians.
Muhammad respected Jews and Christians as
"people of the book."
Other Islamic Beliefs
Jihad--which means
"to make an effort, or to struggle."
Jihad refers to the
inner
struggle people go through to
obey God
and behave according to Islamic belief.
It can also mean
the struggle to defend
the Muslim community or convert people.
It can also be defined as
"holy war."
Other Beliefs
The Sunnah
refers to the way
Muhammad lived
,
which provides a
model

for the duties and way of life expected by Muslims.
The
Sunnah
and the
Qur'an
teach Muslims how to live. They form the basics of Islamic law, or,
Shariah.

Shariah is a system that rewards good behavior and punishes bad behavior. Shariah is not found in one book, but
is a set of opinions and writings
that has changed over the centuries.
Today's Goal: I can explain the origins of Islam.
Review with Your Partner:
1. Who is the founder of Islam?
2. What are his teachings?
3. What is the holy city of Islam?

Summary
On your Cornell Notes, summarize this Introduction to Islam in at least 5 sentences.
Full transcript