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Introduction to Islam
Transcript of Introduction to Islam
Muhammad was born into an important family in Mecca in
A Message for Muhammad
Concerned about the changing values in Mecca, Muhummad
into the hills alone to meditate and pray about social
According to Islamic teachings, an
appeared to Muhammad in 610.
Muhammad became a
of Islam. Islam is Arabic for
"submit to God."
He recited the angel's message from God . This is the
the holy book of Islam.
Muhammad began to spread his message in 613.
Muhammad's Teachings Cont'd
He Challenged Old Ideas
familiar to Jews and Christians
, but were
new to most Arabs
Old ideas in the Arabian Peninsula
(a belief in
People worshiped the saints and gods in
A very important shrine, the
, was in Mecca. People traveled there every year on a
, a journey to a sacred place. Merchants made a lot of
off of these pilgrimages.
His parents died, raised by his
He saw many wealthy people in Mecca ignoring the poor, and that
Reactions to Muhammad's Teachings
Some Arabs did not like being told to stop worshiping their
gods and goddesses
The merchants who made money on the pilgrimage to Kaaba saw this new religion as a threat to their
Muhammad said that everyone who believed in Allah would become part of a community in which the rich and the poor were
. Many rich people did not like this teaching.
Muhammad also taught that the
rich should give money to the poor
--but many wanted to keep their money for themselves.
From Mecca to Medina
More people began to listen to Muhammad
The rulers of
began to threaten him and his followers with violence.
In 622, he and many of his followers went to
, where they were welcomed.
Islam Spreads in Arabia
Muhammad becomes a
leader in Medina
His house becomes the first
a building for public prayer
Muhammad receives new revelations from God about:
Worship (all Muslims should face
when they pray)
Other Arabs begin to accept Islam
Eventually, Mecca welcomes him back in
Muhammad and his followers
all the gods and goddesses of Kaaba.
Muhammad died in 632.
There is only ONE God:
Islam is a
religion, meaning Muslims believe in only one God. Judaism and Christianity are also monotheistic.
Shared beliefs in many of the
as Jews and Christians.
Muhammad respected Jews and Christians as
"people of the book."
Other Islamic Beliefs
"to make an effort, or to struggle."
Jihad refers to the
struggle people go through to
and behave according to Islamic belief.
It can also mean
the struggle to defend
the Muslim community or convert people.
It can also be defined as
refers to the way
which provides a
for the duties and way of life expected by Muslims.
teach Muslims how to live. They form the basics of Islamic law, or,
Shariah is a system that rewards good behavior and punishes bad behavior. Shariah is not found in one book, but
is a set of opinions and writings
that has changed over the centuries.
Today's Goal: I can explain the origins of Islam.
Review with Your Partner:
1. Who is the founder of Islam?
2. What are his teachings?
3. What is the holy city of Islam?
On your Cornell Notes, summarize this Introduction to Islam in at least 5 sentences.