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Espen Slattum

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Reconstruction

Reconstruction Lincoln's Plan Lincoln was shot at Fords theatre in Washington, D.C. When lincoln died the following day, Andrew Johnson became president. Johnson tried to break the planters power by excluding high-ranking confederates and wealthy southern landowners from taking the oath needed for voting privileges. His intent was to shift political control in the South from old planter aristocracy to the small farmers and artisans. It promised to accomplish a revolution in Southern society. Johnson's Idea Fourteenth/Fifteenth
Amendment Former slaves started to improve lives. African Americans founded their own churches because they were denied of membership in churches. The churches they founded became their community and the only institutions they controlled. African Americans needed to get educated so they could be more self sufficient and churches wanted to help schools so they could be better educated. African Americans started going to the south with their families to get jobs there and enjoy more freedom Former Slaves After the civil war, the south had a significant amount of devastation to the population and the farming land. Because of the major decrease in land, the value of the southerner's property plummeted. The Republican government then began public works programs that were meant to repair the physical damage and to provide social services. After the civil war, the Republican party in the south began to struggle. The three different groups of the party, Scalawags, carpetbaggers, and African Americans had many different beliefs on where the party should go next, and this led to a big conflict in the Republican party. Conditions/Politics in the
Postwar South African Americans The KKK, or the Ku Klux Klan, was a notorious southern vigilante group that opposed reconstruction. The Klan's goals were to destroy the Republican Party, to throw out the reconstruction governments, and to prevent the African americans from exercising their political rights. The KKK used acts of vicious violence to achieve thier goals in ending the rise of African Americans rights and end the whole idea of reconstruction. Their actions killed up to 20,000 people during the reconstruction era. KKK Democrats Redeem South Lincoln announced his proclamtion of Amnesty and Reconstruction (10% plan) to announce his intention to reunite the oonce- U.S. This specified that a Southern state could be readmitted into union once 10% of its voters swore an oath of allegience to union. Voters could then elect delegates to draft revised state constitutions and establish new state governments. Lincoln hoped that the proclamation would rally northern support for the war and persuade confederate soldiers to surrender. As the Republican's hold on the South loosened, Southern Democrats began to regain control of the region. In the election of 1876, Democratic candidate Samuel J. Tilden won the popular vote, but was one vote shot of the electoral victory. Southern Democrats in Congress agreed to accept Hayes if federal troops were withdrawn from the South. After Republican leaders agreed to the demands, Hayes was elected, and reconstruction ended in the South. Congress drafted the 14th Amendment, which presented states from denying rights and privileges to any U.S. citizen, now defined as "All persons born or naturalized in the United States." The definition was expressly intended to overrule and nullify the Dred Scott decision.
After the election, the Radicals introduced the 15th Amendment, which states that no one can be kept from voting because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." The 15th Amendment, which was ratified by the states in 1870, was an important victory for the Radicals. African Americans started to vote and they held office in local, state and federal government. African American officeholders remained in the minority. 125 southerners were in congress, 16 were African American. Hiram Revel was the first African American to become senate. General Sherman promised former slaves 40 acres of land per family and the use of mules but for the most part didn’t happen. Things started to get better for them in the reconstruction.
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