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Transcript of NUMBER 2
a spiral pattern that shows up repeatedly in Nature, in everything
from a nautilus
sea shell to a sunflower, to the spiral form of the galaxy itself.
a mathematical sequence of numbers known as the Fibonacci sequence.
The figure of a golden section illustrates the geometric relationship
that defines this constant. Expressed algebraically
Texture refers to capturing something that your viewer might want to touch. Your subject may be filled with texture, or the texture alone may be the subject. Texture communicates the feel of something. TEXTURE is another element that plays an important role in some photos, and that is more prominent in black and white than color. If you look at the work of the two previously mentioned landscape photographers, you will see that the textures of rocks, water, wood and stone are an important part of many of their compositions.
Also important is lack of texture, and there is a strong contrast in many of their images between areas with texture and areas without. You’ll see this most clearly in long exposure images where the smoothed out water balances the strong textures of rocks and other objects in the sea.
Pattern is another element that helps create a strong composition. If you spot a pattern, see if you can find a way to use it to make a strong photo. The pattern of the roof tiles in the previous photo, creates an interesting abstract image. Pattern main subject should lie on one of the four lines or four intersections (subject's eye for example). Truthfully speaking, these rules are not always the same. Rule of Thirds is a simplified version of the Golden Mean. Rule of thirds This is really just something you need to think about – there really aren’t rules involved here. Keep in mind what you want the focus to be. Will the background, foreground, or anything in between detract from your subject? Oftentimes simpler is better. Negative space (the space around the subject) can help balance the picture or it can be distracting, drawing the eye away from the subject. Space Perspective The perspective that a shot is taken from is another element that can have a big impact upon an image.
Shooting from up high and looking down on a subject or shooting from below looking up on the same subject drastically impact not only the ‘look’ of the image, emphasizing different points of interest, angles, textures, shapes etc – but it also impacts the ‘story’ of an image Find shapes and forms If your subject has a distinctive shape, you can work this into your composition. Shapes are two-dimensional, and sometimes you will want to show depth by showing the form of your subject. Try including visual clues that indicate the depth of your subject