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Pronouns and Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

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bryan asesor

on 17 September 2013

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Transcript of Pronouns and Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

Reflexive Pronouns
The reflexive pronouns (which have the same forms as the intensive pronouns) indicate that the sentence subject also receives the action of the verb.

"Students who cheat on this quiz are only hurting themselves."
Pronouns and Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
Demonstrative Pronouns
Demonstratives (this/that/these/those/such) can behave either as pronouns or as determiners.
Relative Pronouns
The relative pronouns (who/whoever/which/that) relate groups of words to nouns or other pronouns
Indefinite Pronouns
Indefinite pronouns (everybody/anybody/somebody/all/each/every/some/none/one).

Everyone is wondering if any is left.
"do not substitute for specific nouns but function themselves as nouns"
Intensive Pronouns
Consist of a personal pronoun plus self or selves and emphasize a noun.
Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro + noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or individuals or thing or things (the pronoun's antecedent) whose identity is made clear earlier in the text.
The word "antecedent" begins with the prefix "ante-", meaning "before"
An antecedent is the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers, understood by the context.
• They say that eating beef is bad for you.
President Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg address in 1863.
Rule: A singular pronoun must replace a singular noun; a plural pronoun must replace a plural noun.
A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number and gender. If the antecedent is singular, the pronoun must be singular; if the antecedent is plural, the pronoun must be plural. If the antecedent is masculine, the pronoun must be masculine; if the antecedent is feminine, the pronoun must be feminine.
If the antecedent is a person who could be of either gender ( teacher, doctor, student), we are obligated to use "he or she," "him or her," "his or her," as appropriate.
Every passenger was required to show his or her ticket.
Kinds of Pronouns
Personal Pronoun - A pronoun designating the person speaking (I, me, we, us), the person spoken to (you), or the person or thing spoken about (he, she, it, they, him, her, them).
I am happy.
("I" is used as the subject of a sentence)
He hit me. He gave me a book. Do this for me
("me" is used as an object in various ways )
That's my car
("my" is used as the possessive form)
As pronouns, they identify or point to nouns.
That is incredible!
(referring to something you just saw)
I will never forget this.
(referring to a recent experience)
Such is my belief.
(referring to an explanation just made)
The student who studies hardest usually does the best.
(The word who connects or relates the subject, student)
-Singular indefinite pronoun antecedents take singular pronoun referents

each, either, neither, one, no one, nobody, nothing, anyone, anybody, anything, someone, somebody, something, everyone, everybody, everything

Plural indefinite pronoun antecedents require plural referents.

several, few, both, many
I myself don't know the answer
What this means is that whenever there is a reflexive pronoun in a sentence there must be a person to whom that pronoun can "reflect."
Interrogative Pronouns
The interrogative pronouns (who/which/what) introduce questions.

What is that?
Who will help me?
Which do you prefer?
Reciprocal Pronouns
The reciprocal pronouns are each other and one another. They are convenient forms for combining ideas.

My mother and I give each other a hard time.
A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in three ways:
Person refers to the quality of being.
Number is the quality that distinguishes between singular (one entity) and plural (numerous entities).
Gender is the quality that distinguishes the entities as masculine or feminine.
End of my report :)
Thank you for listening :3
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