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Tattoos: A Mark of History

Information on the history of tattoos relating to Africa and the United State.
by

Amanda Barrett

on 30 November 2010

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Transcript of Tattoos: A Mark of History

Focus Frame of Reference The Original Tattooing Tools The Beginning of Tattoos African American Slaves & Their Tattoos Tattoos in Africa Today Tattoos' Start in America Tattooing in Modern America Modern African American Tattoos Connection to the Visual Arts Conclusion A part of culture for thousands of years. Torture Therapy Religion Status From Africa to America Changing importance in society. From theraputic uses & showing of status & belonging... ...to a form of self expression. Today's younger generations: artwork, remembrance, expression. 1st signs of tattooing comes from Egypt. depicted in art on ancient walls evidence on actual bodies 1991: body around 5,200 yrs. old, named "the Iceman", was found with tattoos near the Italian-Austrian border oldest evidence: tattoos found on number of African female mummies from c. 2000 B.C. primarily for women 1st dismissed as prostitutes, but later found to be royalty form of therapy during pregnancy forming a protective pattern Scarification show the bravery of women during childbirth on the hip area to depict sensuality c. 1,300-1,100 B.C.: Libyan men leaders in Egyptian tomb, temple & Palace scenes c. 3,000 B.C.: sharp point in a wooden handle discovered at the site of Abydos c. 1,450 B.C.: small, wide, flattened bronze needle instruements used in cicatrisation (aka scarification) Tattoos were used as part of their physical description to catch run-aways. Tattoos from Africa had not been seen in America. Owners would brand slaves. reasons: same as past, but influenced by pop culture & beauty historical & cultural significance loyalty right of passage common for women to have facial tattoos in tradition when give birth to son ethnic identity keep looking young ward off evil spirits 1800s: started by immigrants 1891: 1st electric tattoo machine was issued in America to an Irish tattoo artist who opened the 1st documented parlor in NYC. parlors 1st seen as dangerous trend brought on by WWI & WWII protection brotherhood remembrance trend grows...social acceptance grows used to be rare & looked down upon now one of the most popular forms of self expression same general reasons for all Americans likeness to the old: loyalty gangs, clubs, families, fraternities, etc. branding trend amongst fraternities: esp. nationally African American controversial, but many brothers see in positive light Some say it makes them feel a connection to their slave ancestors. likeness to the old: dark or black ink visual art itself self expression culture heritage grown from a way of cultural tradition... ...to a way of art & originality art form tradition growing in acceptance & popularity Tattoos: A Mark of History
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