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america & imperialism
Transcript of america & imperialism
Belief in Cultural Superiority
using cultural factors to justify imperialism.
some americans combined the philosophy of
Social Darwinism- a belief that free-market competition would lead to the survival of the fittest- with a belief in the racial superiority of Anglo-Saxons.
They argued that the U.s. had a responsibility to spread Christianity and "civilization" to the world's "inferior peoples."
Thirst for New Markets
The United States Takes Hawaii
Advances in technology enable American farms & factories to produce far more than american citizens could consume.
Imperialists viewed foreign trade as the solution to the American over production and the related problems of unemployment and economic depression.
No pain No rain in Spain
The United States Acquires Alaska
Social & Moral
America wanted to expand its military in order to compete with other powerful nations.
Admiral Alfred T. Mahan of the U.S. navy, was one of the many leaders who urged government officials to build up American Naval Power.
As a result the United States built nine steel-hulled cruisers between 1883 and 1890.
Construction of modern battleships such as the Maine and the Oregon transformed the country into the world's third largest naval power.
Three factors fueled the new American Imperialism:
desire for military strength
thirst for new markets
belief in cultural superiority
In 1867, William Seward, secretary of state, arranged for the U.S. to buy Alaska from the Russians for $7.2 million.
Seward had trouble persuading the House to approve funding for the purchase.
Some people thought it was silly to buy what they called "sewards Icebox" or "seward's folly."
Time showed that they were wrong.
In 1959, Alaska became a state. For about two cents an acre, the United States had acquired a land rich in timber, minerals, and, as it turned out, oil.
The Cry for Annexation
The End of A Monarchy
Business groups organized a revolution with the help of marines in order to stop Queen Liliuokalani from removing the property owning qualifications for voting.
The queen was overthrown and a government was set up and led by Sanford B. Dole
President Cleveland formally recognized the Republic of Hawaii
On August 12th 1898 Congress proclaimed Hawaii as an American territory
1959 Hawaii became the 50th state
American owned sugar plantations accounted for about 3/4 of the island's wealth
Foreigners and immigrant laborers outnumbered native Hawaiians about 3 to 1
White planters profited from close ties with the United States
in 1887, they pressured Hawaii to allow the United States to build naval base at Pearl Harbor
The base become a refueling station for American ships
Acquiring Alaska and Hawaii
Acquiring timber, minerals, and oil
Hawaiian sugar plantations
Hawaiian queen overthrown by Sanford B. Dole
William Seward arranged for the US to buy Alaska in 1867
Alfred T. Mahan urged the government to build up naval power
Philosophy of Social Darwinism: a belief that free market competition would lead to the survival of the fittest with the belief of racial superiority
United States had the responsibility to spread Christianity and civilization