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Language Learning Strategies

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Julian Andres Restrepo

on 14 June 2013

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Transcript of Language Learning Strategies

Activities where learners are exposed or have opportunities of showing their knowledge and practicing
indirectly
the language.
Types of LLS
Learning Strategies
Communication Strategies
Social Strategies
"... any set of operations, steps, plans, routines used by the learner to facilitate the obtaining, storage, retrieval, and use of information."
Rubin's definition
2
DIRECT STRATEGIES
It can be seen that much of the recent work in L.L.S has gone beyond cognitive processes to include social and communicative strategies.

Oxford's Definition
Language Learning Strategies
Oxford's Classification
Rubin's Classification
DEFINITION
Learning strategies can be defined as thoughts or actions (methods, choices, plans, etc) that we use to complete our learning tasks.
TEACHERS
Numerous teaching strategies
Help
Students learn
STUDENTS'
Learning Strategies
Tools
Learn independently
Joan Rubin, 1987.
"...specific actions, behaviors, steps, or techniques that students (often intentionally) use to improve their progress in developing skills."
Rebecca Oxford, 1990.
3
Direct
Indirect
Less Direct
Main Classes
&
6
Groups
INDIRECT STRATEGIES
Memory
Cognitive
Compensation Strategies
Meta-cognitive Strtgs.
Affective Strategies
Social Strategies
Cognitive Learning Strategies
Clarification / Verification
Guessing / Inductive Inference
Deductive Reasoning
Practice
Memorization
Monitoring

Metacognitive Learning Strategies
Oversee
Regulate
Self-direct
LANGUAGE LEARNING
Involving
PROCESSES
Planning
Prioritizing
Setting Goals
self-management
Steps used in learning or problem-solving
that require direct analysis
Used to
Their focus is on the process of participating in a conversation and getting meaning across or clarifying what the speaker intended.
COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES
Less directly related with L.L
Difficult
SOCIAL STRATEGIES
Obtaining

Storing

Retrieving
Using

LANGUAGE
MEMORY
Creating mental linkages
Applying images and sounds
Reviewing well
Employing action
COGNITIVE
Practicing
Receiving and sending messages strategies
Analyzing and reasoning
Creating structure for input and output
COMPENSATION
Guessing intelligently
Overcoming limitations in speaking and writing
META-COGNITIVE
Centering your learning
Arranging and planning your learning
Evaluating your learning
AFFECTIVE
Lowering your anxiety
Encouraging yourself
Taking your emotional temperature
SOCIAL
Asking questions
Cooperating with others
Empathizing with others
BIBLIOGRAPHY & REFERENCES
WENDEN, A. and Joan RUBIN. 1987. Learner Strategies in Language Learning. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
OXFORD, Rebecca. 1990. Language Learning Strategies: What Every Teacher Should Know. New York: Newbury House Publishers.
The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. VI, No. 8, August 2000
http://iteslj.org/
http://iteslj.org/Articles/Hismanoglu-Strategies.html
Full transcript