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Transcript of Progressivism
Part I: Reforming Society
Progressives wanted to 'clean up' moral behavior
They called for
prohibition -- a ban on the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages
Temperance organizations led prohibition movement
Congress proposed and passed the 18th amendment -- banning alcohol from the United States
Progressives supported Americanization
Process of preparing foreign-born residents for full US citizenship
Focused on schools and public programs that taught immigrants to read, write, and speak English
Learned US history and government
17th Amendment passed -- voters could directly elect Senators
Progressives urged states to adopt --
Initiative -- gives voters powers to introduce legislation
Referendum -- allows voters to approve or veto a recently passed law
Recall -- enables voters to remove an elected official from office by calling for a special election
Part II: Reforming Government
Theodore Roosevelt (R - NY)
VP to McKinley in election of 1900
McKinley shot by anarchist -- Roosevelt becomes president
Young, enthusiastic, energetic leader
Believed the office of the president should be used as a bully pulpit -- used the office to shape the agenda of the country
In your notes...
What makes a good leader? What qualities do they have?
Do you consider yourself a leader? Why or why not?
Part III: Roosevelt as a Progressive President
Goal -- "To see that every man has a square deal, no less and no more."
Square Deal -- Teddy's pledge to the country
Balanced the interests of business, consumers, and labor
Called for limiting power of trusts, promoting public health and safety, and improving working conditions
Roosevelt's Square Deal
Supported arbitration in 1902 United Mine Workers Strike
Arbitration -- process by which two opposing sides allow a third party to settle a dispute
TR threatened to seize the mines
Trustbusting -- filed 44 suits against business combinations believed not to be in the public interest
Elkins Act (1903) -- forbade shipping companies from accepting rebates, or money given back in return for business
Hepburn Act (1906) -- authorized the ICC to set railroad rates and to regulate other companies engaged in interstate commerce (pipelines and ferries)
Pure Food and Drug Act -- forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of food and medicine containing harmful ingredients
Meat Inspection Act -- required federal government inspection of meat shipped across state lines
Encouraged conservation -- protecting parks, natural areas
Reclamation -- the process of making damaged land productive again
Laid the ground work to establish National Park Service -- would supervise parks and monuments across the United States
Look up the following terms using your iPad and write them down in your notes:
defeats a divided Republican party in 1912
New Freedom -- programs made to help small businesses; return to an America free from the 'heavy hand' of big business and government
Believed that the government had become too strong and it was now limiting personal freedom
Part IV: Progressive Policies Under Taft and Wilson
Respond to two of the following in your notes. Be prepared to share your responses.
What were the artists saying about trusts?
How were businesses portrayed and how did that affect your view on business?
How was Theodore Roosevelt portrayed?
How might these political cartoons affect you if you saw them in a newspaper during the late 1800s or early 1900s?
William Howard Taft
Much different from Roosevelt -- did not like the spotlight
Under his urging,
Congress passed Mann-Elkins Act --- extended powers of the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to telephone and telegraph companies
Partly responsible for
16th Amendment -- permitted Congress to levy taxes based on an individual's income
Progressives had long supported such a graduated income tax to fund government programs in a fair manner
Wilson focused on:
Restricting big business
Farm and labor acts
Outlawing child labor
(Keating-Owen Labor Act)
Part V: Struggle for Women's Suffrage
Check out the student handbook on the school website
Badinhs.org -- For Students -- Student Handbook
In your notes, list five school rules that you think are important
Answer in a few brief sentences -- Why are these rules important to you?
Get on my blog -- mrkeatingushistory.blogspot.com
Click on Taliban Rights Against Women Reading
Read the rules and discuss the questions provided with your group
Turn in one handout per group
Be prepared to DISCUSS
For many women, life in 20th century America had few perks and many responsibilities
Women could not:
Lobby/organize as workers
Keep their own earnings - had to give money to their husbands.
Get the same education offered to men.
Often times, could not leave the home at all to pursue their own interests.
So how did women gain their rights? Where did it all begin?
In 1848, the first Women's Rights Convention was held in
Seneca Falls, NY. A
ttracting the interests of hundreds of men and women,
this convention marked the beginning of the Women's Rights Movement
This movement was furthered by --
National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
Organization that sought to influence legislation giving women the right to vote
Led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
Started the movement at the local level
"We hold these truths to be self evident - that all men and women are created equal."
Where does this language come from?
It was the efforts of these women and many more that led to the passage of the
Gave women the right to vote
Do women have equal rights today?
Who are some influential women today?