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on 28 April 2015

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Transcript of Nutrition

Defined as the study or science of how food nourishes the body based on the food requirements of humans for energy, growth, maintenance, reproduction, and lactation.
Food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley, or cereal grain
Grains are divided into two categories: Whole Grains and Refined Grains
Amount of fruit you need depends on age, sex, and level of physical activity
Naturally low in fat, sodium and calories
None have cholesterol
Diets rich in potassium help to maintain blood pressure
bananas, prunes, dried peaches and apricots, canatalope, honeydew melon, and orange juice
What is a protein?

My Plate
By: Jeremy Ault, Molly Apple, Sara Bernick, Gina Bartz, Nancy Abraham
Diabetes Type II
Nutrition In Sports
Health Benefits
May protect against certain cancers
May reduce risk for heart attack and stroke
Fruit rich in potassium may help to reduce the risk of developing kidney stones and help to decrease bone loss
Important to get 4-5 servings daily
Pregnant women need more than the recommended amount of nutritional food
Obesity can decrease fertility and negatively affect pregnancy outcome
Overweight moms can pass on unhealthy habits/diseases to her unborn baby
Five Groups:
Green vegetables
Starchy vegetables
Red and orange vegetables
Beans and peas (depends)
Daily Recommended amounts:
Nutritional benefits:
Grains are an important source of nutrients including dietary fiber, B vitamins, iron, magnesium, and selenium
Adding whole grains to your diet helps reduce the risk of heart disease as well as controlling weight management
Approximately three to eight ounces of grains are recommended each day depending on your normal caloric intake
Importance of Grains
Whole Grains
Whole grains are classified as grains that contain the entire grain kernel and have not been striped down of its nutrients
The entire grain kernel includes the bran, germ, and endosperm
Examples of whole grains are whole wheat flour, oatmeal, whole cornmeal, and brown rice
Refined Grains
Refined grains have been milled in which the bran and germ is removed
Refined grains are striped of nutrients such as dietary fiber, iron and B vitamins
Refined grains are created for their finer texture and lasting shelf life
Examples of refined grains include white flour, de-germed cornmeal, white bread and white rice
Eat more whole grains!
A condition in which the body does not use insulin properly
Insulin is the hormone that typically absorbs glucose and turns it into energy
Without insulin, glucose levels cannot be controlled and the body lacks energy
About 9% of the United States population is diagnosed with Type II diabetes
This makes up around 29 million children and adults
Who Is At Risk For Type II Diabetes?
Individuals are at risk if they:
Are over 45 years of age
Are obese or overweight
Have had gestational diabetes
Have family members who have Type II diabetes
Have prediabetes
Don't exercise
Have high blood pressure
Are of certain racial or ethnic races such as:
African Americans
Native Americans
Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders
What To Do If You Have Type II Diabetes
Increase your physical activity
Monitor your blood glucose levels regularly
Improve and regulate your diet
Take your medicine as prescribed
Gather a comfortable support team to talk to when times get tough
Nutritious Food
Eat a variety to get all the nutrients you need
high in fiber
enough vitamins and minerals
Iron rich foods
At least one good source of Vitamin C
Other TIps:
*be sure to eat vegetables when they are in season to get the cheapest prices and most nutritional value!
Benefits of Eating Vegetables:
Vegetables are low in fat, cholesterol, and calories.
There is a lot of dietary fiber in vegetables which aid in digestion. Fiber can also reduce the risk or heart disease, obesity, and type 2 diabetes.
Potassium can lower blood pressure and reduce the risks of developing kidney stones and bone density loss
Depending on the color of the vegetable there are specific vitamins and benefits that are associated with it
Vitamin C aids in iron absorption!
Vitamin A keeps skin healthy!
Folic Acid is important in pregnancy!

not eating a balanced, nutritious diet
malabsorption syndromes (lactose intolerance, Celiac disease, genetic diseases)
Symptoms/side effects:
fatigue and dizziness
weight loss
weakened immune system
muscle weakness
who does malnutrition effect?
During the first two years of life it is important to supply children with the vitamins and minerals they need to develop and grow properly for the rest of their life
In the elderly, malnutrition can lead to weak bones and muscles which can lead to falls and fractures.
The World Health Organization estimates that one-third of the world's population is well-fed, one-third under-fed, and the other third is starving.
Malnutrition is responsible for more deaths than AIDs, malaria, and tuberculosis combined each year.
Not eating just one type of vitamin can make the body susceptible to malnutrition.
Also known as milk, is a food that is produced from mammals commonly by cows and goats
Found in butter, cheese, ice cream, yogurt, and condensed and dried milk
Milk is a great source for vitamins and minerals
Rich in calcium and phosphorus (with other trace amounts of other elements like sodium and iron)

Proteins in mother's milk are essential in helping a young child's growth rate
No set diet in mothers nursing in breastfeeding
Important to have a variety of foods for breastfeeding
Made up of nutrients, enzymes, growth factors, hormones, host defense agents, and multiple vitamins
Babies should be either breastfed or given formula for the first year
Whole milk is given from one year til two years
After two years, the child can be given skim, 1% or 2%
Dairy for Adults
Healthiest milk for adults is low-fat or nonfat milk
Whole Milk- 150 calories/cup, 8 grams of fat
Low-fat (1%)- 100 calories/cup, 2.5 grams of fat
Nonfat Milk- 80 calories/cup, 0.5 grams of fat
Important for bone health and strength
Prevent osteoporosis
Helps with smooth skin
Helps with teeth strength
Prevents tooth decay and cavities
Great source of proteins for muscles
Improves eye sight
Too much intake of dairy products may lead to overweight and obesity
Chocolate Milk!
Post- Workout
Best source of nutrition after a workout due to high amount of proteins and carbohydrates
Able to refuel aching muscles and recover before next workout
Spaghetti is a popular dinner for athletes the night before game day
High in carbohydrates= High source of energy
Avoid high calorie foods with workouts!
-All foods made from meat, poultry, seafood, beans and peas, eggs, processed soy products, nuts, and seeds are considered part of the Protein Foods Group.
How much protein is needed?
The amount of proteins needed per day is dependent on the age, sex, and physical activity level.
Recommended daily protein intake
Health Benefits in
- help build muscle, strong bones, strengthen the skin, and also prevents injury.
- Oxygenates the blood which is needed for proper body function

B Vitamins
- Help to strengthen the immune system and keep the body strong
* studies show that eating certain nuts like walnuts almonds pecans and peanuts you can lower your risk of heart disease by almost 24%
Portion Control
- most people get the daily recommended amount of protein into their diet and many are even getting too much.

- the amount of protien you should consume each meal is about the size of your palm.

NCLEX Question:
The nurse is reviewing the food pyramid with a client who avoids fruits and vegetables. Which category of the pyramid would address this client's issue?
a. Personalization
b. Proportionality
c. Moderation
d. Variety
NCLEX Question:
A patient with anemia would benefit from which diet?
A. Vegetables, fish, pasta
B. Grains, berries, and organic vegetables
C. Nuts and seeds, fruits, and soy products
D. Legumes, organ meats, and dark green leafy vegetables
NCLEX Question:
What is the new food plate guide model developed by the USDA to help Americans live healthier lifestyles and make better dietary choices called?
A. The Food Pyramid
B. My Plate
C. Nutrition Cup
D. Meal Plan

*try to incorporate vegetables into every meal you eat to achieve the your daily recommended amount.
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