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Transcript of Animal Testing
Animal testing, animal experimentation or animal research, refers to the experimentation carried out on animals.
Why Animal Test?
Animals are sometimes used in the testing of drugs, vaccines and other biologic, and medical devices, mainly to determine the safety of the medical product. Other times they are used to test out cosmetics.
Cultured human cells
Sophisticated bioinformatic technologies
Organ on a chip technology
Animal Testing is Cruel
25.5 million animals are used for cosmetic and medical experimentation every year in the USA.
Animals are subjected to experiments that can include everything from testing new drugs to infecting with diseases.
The question is not, can they reason, nor, can they talk. But, can they suffer? –Jeremy Bentham
Animal Research is
Scientific Limitations of Using Animals
Animal studies do not reliably predict human outcomes.
Nine out of ten drugs appear promising in animal studies go on to fail in human clinical trials.
Reliance on animal experimentation can impede and delay discovery.
Animal studies are flawed by design.
Companies/Products (DO animal test)
-Johnson & Johnson
-Air Wick -Glade -Herbal Essences
-Almay -Ivory -Lysol -Windex
-Estee Lauder -Mr. Clean -Olay
-Aveeno -Pantene -Raid
-Axe -Ralph Lauren Fragrances
-Avon Products, Inc -Suave
-L'Oreal -Swiffer -Tide
-Chapstick -Vicks -Dove
Products/Companies (DONT animal test)
-êShave -Abercrombie & Fitch
-Acquarella Polish -AKayStyle
-Affordable Mineral Makeup
-Advanced Beauty Tools -Yarok Hair
-Zia Natural Skincare (Hain Celestial)
-Zuii Organi -Aloe Vera of America-Balm Envy -Eco Lips, Inc. -Gypsy Juice
-Bath & Body Works (Limited Brands)
-Herb Stop -Ily Beauty LLC
Medical progress depends on Animal Research.
Breast cancer: A.R was essential for the development of Herceptin and Tamoxifen, two medicines that have saved the live of thousands of people with this disease.
Lung cancer: 2001, The National Cancer Institute reported how necessary it was the research relaying in mouse models to prevent it.
Pediatric AIDS: According to the Elizabeth G. Pediatric AIDS Foundation, about 2.1 million children are living with HIV worldwide. Effective anti-viral therapy given to the mother during pregnancy can reduce transmission to 5 to 8 % or even less. Scientists are continuing their work with animals to gain a better understanding of mother-to-infant HIV transmission.
"Wherever one might stand on the issue, we all benefit from the use of laboratory animals in biomedical research."
Why is Animal Testing GOOD?
-Animal research has played a vital part in nearly every
medical breakthrough over the last decade.
-We share 95% of our genes with a mouse, making them an effective model for the human body.
-Animals and humans are very similar; we have the same organ systems performing the same tasks in more or less the same way.
Thanks to animal research, primarily in mice,
cancer survival rates have
continued to rise.
Smallpox has been eradicated from
Earth thanks to research in animals.
Herceptin – a humanised mouse protein – has helped to increase the survival rate of those with breast cancer; it could not have been attained without animal research in mice.