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Gay Men and Women Rights
Transcript of Gay Men and Women Rights
The age of consent is 18 for anal sex under section 159, but is 16 for all non-anal sex, regardless of sexuality of the participants, since 1988
Same-sex sexual activity legal since 1969
Anti-discrimination laws in employment since 1998
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services since 1998
British Colombia and Ontario were the first to legalize same sex marriage in 2003 Gay Rights Movement The Canadian Human Rights Commission recommended in its annual report that "sexual orientation" be added to the Canadian Human Rights Act
The first National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights draws more than 100,000 people. Canada got a new Immigration Act and under this act, homosexuals were removed from the list of inadmissible classes. 2001 Holland becomes the first country to extend marriage to same-sex couples. Belgium follows a year later GAY MEN AND WOMEN EQUALITY RIGHTS
by JENNIFER LEE & ROBYN LIN
BLOCK 1-3 Absolutely. Stereotyping and prejudice are common in our society. Think about the ways in which we stereotype people based on their perceived gender. If we think someone is a boy, we expect them to like 'boy' things, like trucks and action movies. But what makes those things 'boy things'? And why can't we all just like whatever we want regardless of our sex or gender or sexual orientation? A lot of what people view as common sense is actually stereotyping, especially when it comes to gender and sexuality. For example, men are supposed to be strong, brave, and not cry. But we ALL know that men have just as many fears and feelings as everyone else in the world. Yes. Discrimination can come in many different forms. Sometimes it's outright discrimination - name calling or bullying. How that's dealt with is entirely up to the individual facing the situation. Some people may choose to confront the person who is discriminating, others may choose to leave it. There's no right way to manage these types of situations, and it depends entirely on how safe the person feels. However, it can be helpful to have allies. Allies don't have to identify as LGBTQ2S, allies are simply people who believe that discrimination isn't okay. Basically they are friends who have your back and are willing to stand up for you (but only if it's safe to do so).
Discrimination can also come in less obvious forms such as going to the doctor and having them assume that you are heterosexual. Or being given a form to fill out and there's only 2 boxes under gender - M and F. This is problematic for a lot of people who don't identify within the gender binary! Many people go by alternate genders, or choose not to have a gender at all! This is also a problem with bathrooms. For people who identify as trans*, bathrooms can be a really scary place! This type of discrimination can be difficult to manage, and sometimes it’s even difficult to pick up on. But these are systemic changes that are important in creating a more inclusive society for everyone. Like I just said above, many barriers of equality are systematic. I think that these are the hardest ones to manage sometimes, because it's not one person who is making a discriminatory remark. Rather, it's a bigger picture, and that may seem difficult to change or challenge. There are also lots of little things, like people using terms like 'that's so gay'. This is a form of oppression, and can be challenging to overcome when it seems that everyone is saying it! I think a big part of helping make changes is education. Letting people know the impact that words can have helps everyone challenge the oppressive behaviours!
There are still lots of barriers, even somewhere like Canada which has a reputation of being very 'gay friendly'. For example, gender identity and gender representation not currently protected by the charter of human rights. It wasn't until 1996 that sexual orientation was added to the human rights act. It wasn't that long ago that gay marriage was legalized in our country either.
Still today men who have sex with men aren't allowed to donate blood unless they have not participated in gay sex in the last five years. This is a current example of a barrier of equality that's being challenged. For systematic barriers a lot has to be done to eliminate them. The gay rights movement has been fighting for equality for a long time. There's still a long way to go. Terminology Homosexuality: A sexual attraction to (or sexual relation ) with persons of the same sex.
Homophobia: Prejudice against (fear or dislike of) homosexual people and homosexuality. When I was a youth first coming out, my friend brought me to the Gab Youth drop-ins and other similar drop-in nights. The youth workers and volunteers literally saved my life. They inspired me to empower myself and go to school so that I could also be a youth worker. When I was about to graduate from my Child and Youth Care diploma program, I noticed that QMUNITY was hiring a youth worker and I got the job. That was five years ago and I am so happy to be here supporting youth who are still experiencing many of the barriers that I did when I was seventeen years old. You tell me! I think "homosexuality" as a whole is perceived differently depending on where you are, and who you are talking to. We're also witnessing a very interesting shift in society as gay marriage is legalized in many places, and the conversation about gay marriage continues in many other places. I don't think I can answer what the overall perception of homosexuality is in our society. I do think there's room for improvement! That being said, Vancouver has many safe spaces for people so it's not all bad. Everett Klippert, a mechanic in Northwest Territories, admitted to the police that he was gay, had sex with men and was unlikely to change. 1965 Thanks for listening! 1. Have you, or your clients, faced prejudice or been the victim of stereotyping? 2. Have you, or your clients, faced discrimination? If so, what was done about it? REFERENCES/ BIBLIOGRAPHY 3. What barriers of equality have you, or your clients, faced? 4. Was anything done to try to eliminate each barrier? 5. How did you become involved with this organization? 6. How are homosexuals perceived in our society? RGANIZATIONS EGALE Canada
Human Rights Campaign
Day of Silence
Lesbian and Gay appeal foundation
Gay Straight Alliance Network International (GSANI)
International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA)
International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) QMUNITY 1170 Bute Street Vancouver B.C.
http://www.qmunity.ca/ Interview with Tash Wolfe from GAB Youth! :) - B.C.'s leading queer resource centre for the lesbian, gay, trans, bi, and queer community
- Offer social services and programs including: Gab Youth (for queer youth 25 years of age and under), Generations (for the aging and elder members of our community), Education/Outreach, Volunteer Services, Prideline Information and Referral line, Anti-Violence resources, Coming Out and Social Support Groups, Free Counselling, Meeting Spaces and ‘Out on the Shelves’ Library Interview with a student from McMath 1. How did people close to you (e.g. family and friends) react when you came out? Did you receive support from them? 3. Why did you decide to be involved with McMath's Gay-Straight Alliance club? 4. Do you think the club is having an impact in the school? What would you like to accomplish with this club? 6. Have you faced prejudice or been the victim of stereotyping? 7. Have you faced discrimination? If so, what was done about it? 8. What barriers of equality have you faced? Was anything done to try to eliminate each barrier? My mom was extremely supportive and really helped me deal with it, and when I told my friends I was gay they were all super happy and proud of me, they all are super pro gay and thinks it's really cool. 2. How did you feel when you "came out of the closet"? 5. How do you think McMath students are addressing homosexuality? When I came out of the closet, I first felt a little scared, because I was scared that I might get bullied, but then I felt kinda relieved that I don't have to keep it from my friends. I joined GSA because I thought it might help me figure out my sexuality, and it did. Then I heard they weren't going run it again and decided to run it myself, I thought it was a nice environment with people who believe that gay people are just like normal people. Currently, I don't believe many students at the school even know about this club. That's what I would like to start with as our main goal, making people know about us. After that, I believe we would like to stop any homophobic related name calling of any sort, even if it is just joking. McMath is generally very good with homosexuality I think, but I also think students use the word "gay" and other LGBTQ terms as a negative-when it certainly is not. Being gay is just one of many things you notice about yourself as you mature and you cannot change it. Yes I have. Throughout elementary school people would say things I do are gay and called me names just because I was more feminine than other guys. No, I haven't faced discrimination. I haven't faced any barriers yet. The use of rainbow flags has a long tradition. They are displayed in many cultures around the world as a sign of diversity and inclusiveness. Now, they are more widely known as a symbol for gay pride. 1967 Everett Klippert was sent to jail indefinitely as a "dangerous sex offender," a sentence that was backed up by the Supreme Court of Canada that same year. This sparked proposed amendments of the Canadian Criminal Code by Pierre Trudeau, who famously declared: “there is no place for the state in the bedrooms of the nation.” Pierre Trudeau’s proposed amendments to the Criminal Code passed, decriminalizing homosexuality in Canada. Everett Klippert was released from prison two years later in 1971. He was the last homosexual to be imprisoned before the legalization of homosexuality. 1969 1977 Quebec included sexual orientation in its Human Rights Code, making it the first province in Canada to pass a gay civil rights law. The law made it illegal to discriminate against gays in housing, public accommodation and employment. All provinces and territories took this step by the year 2001 except Alberta, Prince Edward Island, and the Northwest Territories. 1978 1979 1980 Bill C-242, an act to prohibit discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation, got its first reading in the House of Commons by MP Pat Carney. The bill, which would have inserted "sexual orientation" into the Canadian Human Rights Act, didn't pass. MP Svend Robinson introduced similar bills in 1983, 1985, 1986, 1989, 1991, and 1992, but all of them didn`t pass. 1981 More than 300 men were arrested in police raids at four gay bath houses in Toronto. This sparked a protest of approximately 3,000 people the next day. The protest is considered to be Canada’s ‘Stonewall.’ 1988 Svend Robinson, member of the NDP announced that he was gay. This made him the first gay Member of Parliament in Canada Delwin Vriend, a lab instructor at King’s University College in Edmonton, was fired from his job in 1991 for being gay. The Alberta Human Rights Commission refused to investigate the case at first since the Alberta Individual Rights Protection Act did not cover discrimination based on sexual orientation. 1991 Federal Justice Minister Kim Campbell presented an act that would include sexual orientation in the Canadian Human Rights Act but it did not pass.
The ban on homosexuals in the military was lifted. 1992 1995 Ontario legalized same-sex adoption. Bill C-33 was passed, adding sexual orientation in the Canadian Human Rights Act. 1996 The Surpreme Court of Canada ruled to make an adjustment to the definition of spouse. The word was to be defined as “two persons” instead of “a man or a woman.” However, the federal government still ruled to keep the definition of “marriage” as a union between a man and a woman. 1999 Discrimination
Stereotypes created from harmful media representations
Treated as mentally ill and people tried to convert them.
Targeted by discriminatory laws
Not been permitted (until recently) to participate openly in the Armed Forces
Faced discrimination in employment and housing
Gay and lesbian contents being censored
In criminal cases, homosexual advances have sometimes been treated as “provocation” Present Day Barriers Educating the younger generation
Current education system teaches the current generation to be more accepting to aspects such as multiculturalism. If we were to incorporate homosexuality into the education system there would be more acceptance of different sexual orientations . Combating Discrimination Gay Pride Parade
By promoting homosexuality, inidividuals will be more prone to express their sexual orientation due to the support given by the public . http://www.vancouverpride.ca/lgbttq-history/ http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2012/01/12/f-same-sex-rights.html 1997 Ellen DeGeneres becomes the first lead character on an American television show to come out as gay 2002 For the first time a Canadian court rules in favour of recognizing same-sex marriages under the law. The Ontario Superior Court rules that prohibiting gay couples from marrying is unconstitutional and violates the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The court gives Ontario two years to extend marriage rights to same-sex couples
The Alberta government passes a bill banning same-sex marriages and defines marriage as exclusively between a man and a woman. 2003 British Columbia and Ontario begin marrying same-sex couples. Ontario was the first province to legalize same-sex marriage and B.C. was the second province
The court agreed that the definition of marriage should be the union of "two persons" rather than of "one man and one woman"
Prime Minister Jean Chrétien said "There is an evolution in society"
A gay and lesbian group goes to trial against the fed. government in Ottawa to extend survivor benefits to excluded gays and lesbians. Gay and lesbian partners — pursuing Canadian Pension Plan benefits from their deceased partners — say the federal government is discriminating against them and filed a $400-million class-action suit. 2005 Bill C-38, the law giving same-sex couples the legal right to marry, receives royal assent and becomes law
Canada becomes the fourth country to officially sanction gay marriage nationwide
Two men, a Canadian Forces sergeant and a warrant officer, are married in a chapel in Nova Scotia in the military's first gay wedding
Four gay couples in New Brunswick ask the Court of Appeal to redefine marriage to include same-sex unions 2004 A lesbian couple files the first same-sex divorce petition in Canada. Lawyers for the couple declare the definition of "spouse" under the Divorce Act unconstitutional. A judge grants the divorce in September
Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador legalized same-sex marriage 2012 The federal government says it is considering how to make divorce possible for same-sex couples who had to come to Canada to get married. Canada's divorce laws don't allow people who haven't lived in Canada for at least a year to end their marriage. The United Church of Canada becomes the first church in Canada to allow the ordination of gays and lesbians http://www.mapleleafweb.com/features/same-sex-marriage-canada Libby Davies of Vancouver becomes Canada’s first openly lesbian Member of Parliament In this video, Ellen addresses her Jcpenny critics. They were against her being the new spokesperson of this company because she was lesbian. http://www.queerbc.com/regional/low_main.htm Did You Know... 9 out of 10 LGBT teens have reported being bullied at school within the past year because of their sexual orientation, according to the most recent gay bullying statistics
Out of those numbers, almost half have reported being physically harassed followed by another quarter who reported actually being physically assaulted.
Gay and lesbian teens are two to three times as more likely to commit teen suicide than other youths
15-43% of gay and transgender employees have experienced some form of either discrimination and harassment in the workplace Haha it's a robin, get it??? http://www.viu.ca/positivespace/manual/discrimination.asp