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Printing and Principles

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Karen Overmyer

on 22 November 2016

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Transcript of Printing and Principles

The elements of art are the building blocks of an artwork. The way those elements are arranged is what the principles of art are all about. The principles are concepts that can be applied to artistic compositions.
Principles
of Art

Unity
Variation
The principles of art include:
Unity is acheived when all the pieces of an artwork come together to make a whole. This can also be called "harmony". Framing and grouping are a couple techniques used to build unity. In art, unity happens when things match, or make sense together, or appear to belong exactly where they are.
Pattern/Repetiton
Like a steady beat in music, pattern in an image can satisfy the mathematical side of your brain that wants to understand what you're seeing and make predictions. Repetition can also fill a space, adding interest without confusion, show relations between things adding meaning to work, and direct the eye from one shape or color to other similar visuals in an artwork.
Our difference are what make us important. In art, we value those differences because they make our art interesting. A collection of identical objects won't hold your attention very long. But an assembly of SIMILAR objects keeps your eyes moving as you compare them. The variations from one to the next add character or meaning.
Balance Contrast Unity
Repetition Variation
Emphasis Movement
looking at composition
Balance
Think of the most interesting pieces of an artwork as being the heaviest. The more interesting to look at something is, the heavier it is visually. Really big stuff, really detailed stuff, stuff that is unlike the rest of an image, or stuff that has a lot of contrast is heavy. In a good composition, the visual weight is spread out evenly, and this creates balance.
Contrast
Contrast is acheived when one thing is entirely unlike the things that surround it. Stark differentiations in an image such as a bright red apple on a dirt ground or a rough patch on an otherwise smooth surface add interest to artwork and focus the viewer's attention.
Emphasis
Movement
Artists use emphasis to focus someone's attention and to show the importance of pieces within a composition. An emphasized object should draw your eye first and it should feel like a significant part of the artwork.
Movement in art refers to the motion of your eye as your attention is carried from one area to another. Text has movement because your eyes move along the words. Directional visuals (like an arrow or pointed form, or strong line) and repeating shapes are strong tools to create movement. A good artist can make a still picture look very active.

Movement in art can also refer to something that looks as if it is moving. A picture of an orange being squeezed and spraying juice in the air has movement because the flecks of juice in the air are in motion.
Successful compositions display more than one principle of design. Select one of the images here and write about three (3) principles of design it achieves.

In your notes:
Label which image you choose to critique.
Identify at least three principles you see in the image.
Use artistsic vocabulary to describe how each of those three principles are demonstrated.

Balance
Contrast
Unity
Repetition

Which Principles do you see?
Variation
Emphasis
Movement

You'll also see photographs here that attempt to exemplify these principles. As an artist and a critic, please decide for yourself if the photographs succeed, and then write in your notes what you decide.
You'll see descriptions of each of these principles in this presentation. In your notes write a definition in your own words for each principle. Whatever you write should make sense to you, or it won't do any good.
Incorporating the principles in your art will make your art eye catching, dynamic, and engaging to view.
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