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PEOP model

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Anna Sanchez

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of PEOP model

The PEOP model application to Occupational Therapy
The PEOP model
The Person - Environment - Occupation - Performance
Model was developed by Charles Christiansen and Carolyn Baum in 1985
Occupational Performance
and Participation
Valued roles, tasks, and activities that people want or need to do in their daily lives.
The result of interaction among people, occupations, and their environments
Meaningful activities where a person cares for him/her self or for others, works, plays, participates in home and community life.
or personal view on the PEOP model
The PEOP model
Top down approach - prioritize client's goals and preferences

Client-Centered - not a disability centered
Client's view of the most important problem
Client's success
Full engagement into the intervention process
Increase of a client's competency and performance outcome
Sufficient balance between client's intrinsic factors and intervention demands
Appreciation of the restorative benefits of occupational performance
Identification of the importance of environments in with a client functions
Adaptation and Modification of the occupation to fit the client's abilities
Enhancement and expansion of the role functioning and acquisition
Guidelines of intervention process in the PEOP model
Allows rich identification of many variables that affect occupational performance
Gives a complete picture of interaction between the individual, environment, and occupations
Keeps practitioner's attention on the deep investigation of the client's goals and preferences
Provides more specific directions to design effective strategies for both client and practitioner

The PEOP model
Thank you!
Psychological factors
Physiological factors
Neurobehavioral factors
Cognitive factors
Spiritual factors
Built environment
Natural environment
Cultural environment
Social factors
Social interaction
Social and Economic systems
Meaningful Occupation
The Primary Goal
Identification and analysis of the client's strengths and weaknesses
Assumptions that guide the thought process of the practitioner
Full transcript