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The Bill of Rights in a Nutshell

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Abish Sanchez

on 3 February 2014

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Transcript of The Bill of Rights in a Nutshell

The Bill of Rights in a Nutshell
P.5 Paige Knight, Abish Sanchez, Casey Scott, Raquel Keene
Amendment #1
Government is prohibited from passing legislation to establish an official religion or preferring one religion over another. Separation of church and state

-allows individuals to express themselves without interference or constraint by the government

-allows people to gather for peaceful and lawful purposes

-guarantees right to ask the government to provide relief for a wrong through governmental action
Amendment #2
Ensures the effectiveness of the military

-gives people the right to own and keep guns
Amendment #3
-government cannot force citizens to house a soldier during times of peace without consent of owner
Amendment #4
-establishes privacy rights
-protects privacy by prohibiting search and seizure without a warrant
-warrants cannot be issued without saying what they are going to search or seize
Amendment #5
-grand juries for capital crimes
-prohibition on double jeopardy
-prohibition against required self-incrimination
-guarantee that all criminal defendants will have a fair trial
-government will not seize private property without paying market value
-applies to federal and state governments
Amendment #6
-The accused have the right to a fast public trial.
- right to a jury
- requires juries to me impartial and not biased
- guarantees defendants the right to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation against them.
-guarantees defendants the right to be confronted by witnesses who offer testimony or evidence against them
Amendment #7
- Guarantees a jury trial for non-criminal cases involving a dispute between private parties
-guaranteed trial by jury if the amount of money in dispute is greater than $20
Amendment #10
-establishes a strong principle of states' rights in the Constitution
-powers not especially for the federal government can be assumed to belong to the states, or directly to the people
Amendment #8
-bans "cruel and unusual punishments" for crimes, and also prohibits "excessive" bail and fines
-returns to the themes of the 5th and 6th, having to do with abuses of the criminal justice system
Amendment #9
-states that just because a certain right isn't listed in the Bill of Rights, it doesn't necessarily mean that it doesn't exist
Full transcript