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The Bill of Rights in a Nutshell
Transcript of The Bill of Rights in a Nutshell
P.5 Paige Knight, Abish Sanchez, Casey Scott, Raquel Keene
Government is prohibited from passing legislation to establish an official religion or preferring one religion over another. Separation of church and state
-allows individuals to express themselves without interference or constraint by the government
-allows people to gather for peaceful and lawful purposes
-guarantees right to ask the government to provide relief for a wrong through governmental action
Ensures the effectiveness of the military
-gives people the right to own and keep guns
-government cannot force citizens to house a soldier during times of peace without consent of owner
-establishes privacy rights
-protects privacy by prohibiting search and seizure without a warrant
-warrants cannot be issued without saying what they are going to search or seize
-grand juries for capital crimes
-prohibition on double jeopardy
-prohibition against required self-incrimination
-guarantee that all criminal defendants will have a fair trial
-government will not seize private property without paying market value
-applies to federal and state governments
-The accused have the right to a fast public trial.
- right to a jury
- requires juries to me impartial and not biased
- guarantees defendants the right to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation against them.
-guarantees defendants the right to be confronted by witnesses who offer testimony or evidence against them
- Guarantees a jury trial for non-criminal cases involving a dispute between private parties
-guaranteed trial by jury if the amount of money in dispute is greater than $20
-establishes a strong principle of states' rights in the Constitution
-powers not especially for the federal government can be assumed to belong to the states, or directly to the people
-bans "cruel and unusual punishments" for crimes, and also prohibits "excessive" bail and fines
-returns to the themes of the 5th and 6th, having to do with abuses of the criminal justice system
-states that just because a certain right isn't listed in the Bill of Rights, it doesn't necessarily mean that it doesn't exist