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Transcript of british monarchy
The elder son of The Prince of Wales and Diana, the Princess of Wales. He was born on 21 June 1982, London.
Attended Eton College from July 1995.
The Duke chose to study at St Andrews University in Fife, Scotland. He graduated in Geography in 2005.
He joined the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst as an Officer Cadet.
He went on to train as an RAF Search and Rescue Pilot, graduating as a fully operational pilot in September 2010.
The Duke of Cambridge is Patron to a number of charities and organisations whose work he wishes to support.
2009 with Prince Harry created their own Foundation to focus on supporting issues that they both care about. 3 main aims are:
helping young people in society;
raising awareness and support for servicemen and women;
developing sustainable models of living in the light of climate change and dwindling natural resources.
Following his marriage to Catherine Middleton, the title The Duke of Cambridge was conferred on him by The Queen.
He is a Knight of the Garter (KG). Catherine Elizabeth Middleton was born to Michael and Carole Middleton
in Reading, on 9th January 1982.
In 2001-2005 studied at the University of St Andrews, graduated in History of Art.
She has worked for Party Pieces, a company owned and run by her parents and as a part-time buyer for the clothing company Jigsaw Junior.
The Duchess's work within the Royal Family - to support her husband with his Patronages and other official duties, to support The Queen at home and abroad. the younger son of The Prince of Wales and Diana, the Princess of Wales was born on 15 September 1984.
1998 - 2003 studied at Eton College, Windsor.
2005 entered Royal Military Academy Sandhurst to begin his training as an officer in the Army.
2006 was commissioned as an army officer.
joined the Household Cavalry, and served in Afghanistan He is now training to be a helicopter pilot with the Army Air Corps.
He received his provisional wings from his father The Prince of Wales, who is Colonel-in-Chief of the Army Air Corps (AAC) on 7th May 2010.
wants to show his support for a few organisations that reflect issues he cares about both in the UK and abroad - he is Patron of 10 charities and organisations.
Prince Harry is a Counsellor of State, and was appointed to the position on his 21st birthday. The Duchess of Cambridge The Duke of Cambridge HRH Prince William HRH Prince Harry British Monarchy The monarch:
- The title: king/queen.
- with immediate family undertakes various official, ceremonial, diplomatic, and representational duties.
- non-partisan functions such as bestowing honours and appointing the Prime Minister.
- by tradition Commander-in-chief of the British Armed Forces.
- powers may only be used according to laws enacted in Parliament
1066 - the last Anglo-Saxon monarch (Harold II) defeated and killed in the Norman invasion.The English monarchy passed to the Norman conquerors.
13 century, the principality of Wales was absorbed by England
1215 Magna Carta - the process of reducing the political powers of the monarch.
1603, Scotland and England ruled by a single monarch, James I.
1649-1660 the tradition of monarchy broken by the republican Commonwealth of England that followed the War of the Three Kingdoms.
1701 - the Act of Settlement excluded Roman Catholics, or those who marry Catholics, from succession to the English throne.
1707 - the kingdoms of England and Scotland were merged to create the Kingdom of GB, 1801 the Kingdom of Ireland joined it The British monarch became nominal head of the vast British Empire.
1920s Balfour Declaration - the evolution of the dominions of the empire into self-governing countries within a Commonwealth of Nations.
After WWII, the vast majority of British colonies and territories became independent.
The title Head of the Commonwealth as a symbol of the free association of its independent member states. Historical background Constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom
and its overseas territories. The Monarch = the Head of State.
God Save the Queen(King) - the British national anthem
the monarch appears on postage stamps, coins and banknotes.
The Monarch takes little direct part in Government.
Legislative power exercised by the Queen-in-Parliament, by and with the advice and consent of Parliament.
Executive power exercised by Her Majesty's Government - Ministers, primarily the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.
Judicial power vested in the Judiciary.
The Church of England, of which the Monarch is the head, has its own legislative, judicial and executive structures.
Powers independent of government are legally granted to other public bodies . Constitutional role Counsellors of State - members of the Royal Family who temporarily carry out some of the Sovereign's official duties in the absence of The Queen.
She may delegate certain functions of the Sovereign in Britain, the dependencies, and other territories to her Counsellors of State.
Any two Counsellors of State may attend Privy Council meetings and they may sign routine documents. But their role is limited.
Counsellors of State are appointed from among: The Duke of Edinburgh and the 4 adults next in succession (provided they have reached the age of 21). The Most Noble Order of the Garter, founded by Edward III in 1348, is the senior British Order of Chivalry.
Appointments are always announced on St George’s Day (23rd April).
Prince William became the 1000th Knight in the Register . 29 April 2011 KG Lady Diana Spencer The Princess of Wales Childhood and the early years Diana Frances Spencer was born at Park House ( the home her parents rented on the British royal family’s estate) , Sandringham in Norfolk, England on 1st July 1961. She was the youngest daughter of John Spencer, Viscount Althorp (later the 8th Earl Spencer) and his first wife Frances Spencer, Viscountess Althorp. Diana had two elder sisters Sara and Jane and younger brother, Charles.
Her parents divorced when she was eight (1969). Diana’s father received custody of the children.
In 1976, Lord Spencer married Raine Legge, Countess of Dartmouth. Her father inherited the earldom and Spencer seat in 1975, and Diana inherited the title of "Lady". Education / Hobbies / Talents •She was not an especially bright student
•boarding school Riddlesworth Hall in Norfolk (age 9-12)
•the exclusive West Health Girls' School in Kent (age 12-16)
•Institut Alpin Videmanette, a finishing school in Switzerland (quit after a term)
excelled in swimming, diving and hockey, her foremost passion was ballet (some trophies in swimming)
"When I am older, I will be a dancer." ( grew too tall) Adult Life – First jobs She left school in 1978.
Diana moved to London before she turned seventeen.
Teacher at the Young England kindergarten in Pimlico, London Legacy: Tireless work for charities
Beloved by the public for her warmth and humanity
In 2007, marking the tenth anniversary of her death, her sons, Princes William and Harry, honored their beloved mother with a special concert - the proceeds of the event went to charities supported by Diana and her sons.
Continuing her charitable efforts is the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund. Established after her death, the fund provides grants to numerous organizations and supports initiatives to provide care to the sick in Africa, help refugees, and stop the use of land mines. Her romance with the Prince of Wales started in 1980.
Diana married Prince Charles in St. Paul's Cathedral on 29th July 1981. She was 20; he was 32. Diana was the first British citizen to marry an heir to the British throne in 300 years.
There were 3,500 people in the congregation at St. Paul's Cathedral. Two million spectators lined the procession from Clarence House. Another 750 million people watched the ceremony worldwide.
After the ceremony, Charles and Diana delighted the crowd with the popular kiss on the balcony of Buckingham Palace.
“Lady Di“ special interest of a press at the beginning – unbearable
Prince Charles still in love with an old girlfriend, Camilla Parker- Bowles.
In 1992 Princes Diana decided to expose the truth about her relationship with Prince Charles to the public – infidelity
Separation - announced in December 1992
Divorce - August 1996
joint custody of children
kept her "Princess of Wales" title, but no longer called "Royal Highness" Wedding of the century – Marriage and royal life In 1997, Princess Diana began a love affair with Dodi Al-Fayed - son of the billionaire businessman Mohamed Al-Fayed. Romance ended abruptly on 31st August 1997 – both killed in a car accident in Paris (fleeing from paparazzi) Princess Diana’s love affair (1997) Death and Funeral •Diana suffered from internal haemorrhage and died in a Paris Hospital on 31st August 1997 at 4am after numerous resuscitation attempts
• 36 years old
•funeral took place on 6th September 1997 (Westminster Abbey)
•just like her wedding to Prince Charles, her funeral was watched by millions worldwide
•Diana's final resting place is her family home of Althorp.
•The world mourned. The death of Princess Diana had a profound impact on the British public as well as people in other countries. It led to an unprecedented outpouring of grief and sympathy. Over 1 million bouquets of flowers were laid at Buckingham Palace. "the unique, the complex, the extraordinary and irreplaceable Diana, whose beauty, both internal and external, will never be extinguished from our minds"
CHARLES SPENCER "I would like to be queen of people's hearts" HRH Prince Charles The Prince of Wales Childhood and the early years
The Prince of Wales, eldest son of The Queen and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, was born at Buckingham Palace on 14th November 1948.
On 15th December, Charles Philip Arthur George was christened in the Music Room at Buckingham Palace, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Geoffrey Fisher. Education and further career
The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh decided that The Prince should go to school rather than have a tutor at the Palace.
started at Hill House school in West London on 7th November 1956.
after 10 months, the young Prince became a boarder at Cheam School, a preparatory school in Berkshire. In 1958 while The Prince was at Cheam. In April 1962 The Prince began his first term at Gordonstoun, a school near Elgin in Eastern Scotland
spent two terms in 1966 as an exchange student at Timbertop, a remote outpost of the Geelong Church of England Grammar School in Melbourne, Australia.
The Prince, as Heir to The Throne, took on the traditional titles of The Duke of Cornwall under a charter of King Edward III in 1337; and, in the Scottish peerage, of Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and Great Steward of Scotland.
Since 1958 his major title has been His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales.
When he returned to Gordonstoun for his final year, The Prince of Wales was appointed school guardian (head boy). The Prince, who had already passed six O Levels, also took A Levels and was awarded a grade B in history and a C in French, together with a distinction in an optional special history paper in July 1967.
The Prince went to Cambridge University in 1967 to read archaeology and anthropology at Trinity College.
After earning a bachelor of arts degree from Trinity College, Cambridge, Charles served a tour of duty with the Royal Navy from 1971 to 1976.
On 11th February 1970, His Royal Highness took his seat in the House of Lords. Marriage with Lady Diana Spencer
On 29th July 1981, The Prince of Wales married Lady Diana Spencer in St Paul's Cathedral who became HRH The Princess of Wales.
The couple divorced in 1996 after Diana publicly accused Charles of having an affair with Camilla Parker Bowles, and Charles admitted adultery on television.
When The Princess was killed in a car crash in Paris on 31st August 1997, The Prince of Wales flew to Paris with her two sisters to bring her body back to London. Another marriage On 9th April 2005, The Prince of Wales and Mrs Parker Bowles were married in a civil ceremony at the Guildhall, Windsor.
After the wedding, Mrs Parker Bowles became known as HRH The Duchess of Cornwall.
His Royal Highness developed a wide range of interests which are today reflected in The Prince's Charities, a group of not-for-profit organisations of which The Prince of Wales is Patron or President.
The group is the largest multi-cause charitable enterprise in the United Kingdom, raising over £100million annually. The organisations are active across a broad range of areas including education and young people, environmental sustainability, the built environment, responsible business and enterprise and international. "GOD SAVE THE QUEEN" God save the Queen. God save the Queen. GOD SAVE THE QUEEN Elizabeth II - Her Majesty The Queen * The Queen is Head of State of the UK and 15 other Commonwealth realms Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh I. God save our gracious Queen, Long live our noble Queen, God save the Queen: Send her victorious, Happy and glorious, Long to reign over us: II. O Lord, our God, arise, Scatter thine enemies, And make them fall. Confound their politics, *Prince Philip was born in Greece into the Greek and Danish royal families, but his family was exiled from Greece when he was a child. Frustrate their knavish tricks, On thee our hopes we fix, God save us all. III. Thy choicest gifts in store, On her be pleased to pour; Long may she reign: May she defend our laws, And ever give us cause To sing with heart and voice *In 1939 he joined the British Royal Navy and he began corresponding with princess Elizabeth whom he had first met in 1934. * After the war, Philip was granted permission by George VI to marry Elizabeth. 1947 * The elder daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth,
*she was born in 1926 and became Queen at the age of 25 (in 1952).
*The Queen is married to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and has four children and eight grandchildren. The Queen's role * The house of Windsor The appearance vs. the reality The role of the monarch:
- the personal embodiment of
- could act as a final check on a government that was becoming dictatorial
-being a figurehead and representing the country (this way the government has more time to get on with the actual job of running the country) 29th July 1981 Succesion to the throne 1. The Prince of Wales
2. The Duke of Cambridge
3. Prince Henry of Wales