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Dr. Gustave Gingras - Artificial Hand

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Lauren Fleming

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Dr. Gustave Gingras - Artificial Hand

Dr. Gustave Gingras Creator of the Artificial hand... Dr. Gustave Gingras... World War Two today... Honours Year of passing... Contribution to Science... Dr. Gustave Gingras had done very many wonderful things. And for these things he received honours. Such as...In 1967, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. In 1972, he was promoted to Companion of the Order of Canada. In 1998, he was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame. And finally was granted Knight of the Venerable Order of Saint John Dr. Gustave Gingras passed on the 9th of May, 1996. Living till the age of 78. The contribution that Dr. Gustave Gingras had toward science is that he discovered the electrical impulses created by muscle movement. With this, scientists have elaborated trying to discover different muscles that can function with a prosthetic limb just like Dr. Gustave Gingras did with the artificial hand. Because of... Because of Dr. Gustave Gingras' passion to help the ones with disabilities, there are rehabilitation institutes. He is the reason why the disabled can still pursue what they intended to do in life. He is the one that is responsible for the establishment of a prosthetic and orthotic workshop and laboratory for children with physical disabilities. Neurosurgeon Dr. Gingras came back to Canada intending to become a neurosurgeon. But after having a discussion with Montréal neurosurgeon Dr. Wilder Penfield, he was convinced that those werent the proper plans for his future. How did his
career begin?.. Reasoning for going... When Dr. Gustave Gingras completed his studies, war was happening over in Europe. He took and internship in neurosurgery there. He worked at the Hospital in Basingstoke, England. He said "Working closely with such dedicated professionals was the best medical training of my career," Born... Dr. Gingras was born on
January 18th 1918. He was born in Montreal Quebec. Schooling... He studied medicine at the Université de Montréal. He then completed his BA at College Bourget in Rigaud, Quebec. In 1942, he joined the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps and served during World War II. There, he studied neurosurgery as an intern at the Canadian Neurosurgical and Plastic Surgery Hospital in Basingstoke. It started as he saw soldiers being wounded. There wounds were paraplegic and quadriplegia impairments.Which means to be paralyzed on the lower limbs or from the neck down. He felt sorry as they were expected to spend the rest of their lives as invalids. This is what stimulated his career, helping people with disabilities to accomplish what they intended to do in life. Sources... Disaster in Morocco In 1959, a mysterious disease struck in the Moroccan city. Eventually it was discovered that the paralysis affecting as many as 10,000 Moroccans had been caused by motor oil sold and consumed as cooking oil. There was no known cure except to retrain damaged muscles. Called for help, Gingras enabled 8,000 of the victims to make a full recovery. Dr. Gustave Gingras had helped the disabled in many ways. although one of his inventions was the artificial hand. It operated on what was called ¨muscle electricity.¨. Which means... When muscles contract, tiny electrical pulses are emitted and it is possible to amplify and exploit these impulses to make an artificial limb preform. The man who was put to test with this invention was named Pierre Provencier, tragically he had lost both of his hands in an explosion but due to the artificial hand he could mend his clothes with a needle and thread, build model airplanes.. The artificial hand... http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/physicians/030002-2200-e.html



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