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12 Ancient Chinese Weapons by Austin and Ryan
Transcript of 12 Ancient Chinese Weapons by Austin and Ryan
It has been confirmed by archaeological evidence that iron, made from melting pig-iron, was developed in ancient China in the early 5th century BC during the Zhou Dynasty (1050 BC－256 BC). During the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC－1046 BC) to the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (1050 BC－256 BC), China went into a flourishing period for steel smelting.
12 Ancient Chinese Inventions by Austin and Ryan
Compass - 1100 A.D.
Historians believe that the Chinese invented the magnetic compass and used it for navigation
Mechanical Clock 618-907 AD
According to historical research, the world’s first clock was invented by Yi Xing, a Buddhist monk and mathematician of the Tang Dynasty (618－907). Yi’s clock operated with water steadily dripping on a wheel that made a full revolution every 24 hours. As time went on, clocks were made with an iron and bronze system of hooks, pins, locks and rods, but still followed Yi Xing’s clock design.
Porcelain 581 – 618 AD
Porcelain is a very specific kind of ceramic produced by the extreme temperatures of a kiln. The materials fuse and form a glass and mineral compound known for its strength, translucence and beauty. Invented during the Sui Dynasty (but possibly earlier) and perfected during the Tang Dynasty (618-906), most notably by Tao-Yue (c. 608 – c. 676), Chinese porcelain was highly prized throughout the world. The porcelain of Tao-Yue used a ‘white clay’ that was found on the edge of the Yangtze River, where he lived. By the time of the Sung Dynasty (960-1279) the art of porcelain had reached its peak. In 1708 the German Physicist Tschirnhausen invented European porcelain, thus ending the Chinese monopoly. The picture above is a teabowl with black glaze and leaf pattern from the Southern Sung Dynasty (1127-1279).
Gunpowder was invented in China c. 1000 A.D. and probably spread to Europe during the Mongol expansion of 1200-1300 A.D., but this has not been proven. The use of gunpowder in Europe was first recorded in 1313. Europeans used gunpowder for cannons, while the Chinese used it primarily for firecrackers.
Gunpowder - 1000A.D.
The first alcohol makers in legend were Yi Di and Du Kang from the Xia Dynasty.The Chinese discovered that adding more grain in water during fermentation could increase the alcohol content, so stronger drinks began to appear. The potent libation was mentioned in poetry throughout the Zhou Dynasty. Meanwhile, no beer in the West became as strong as in China until the 12th century, when distilled alcohol was made in Italy.
Rocket 228 A.D.
Earthquake Detector 132A.D.
A seismograph was made by the scientist, mathematician, and inventor Chang Heng (who also found out the earth was round). His invention was noted in court records of the later Han Dynasty in 132 AD. Modern seismographs only began in 1848.
Ancient Chinese rockets date back to at least the third century. In 228, the Wei State used torches attached to arrows to defend Chencang against the invading forces of the Shu State.
The Kite About 3, 000 years ago
Paper Money 9th century A.D.
Chinese inventions ran the gamut from fun to practical. The kite was invented in ancient China around 3,000 years ago. Over time kite flying developed into a hobby for the Chinese elite and kite flying is now enjoyed worldwide. No one really knows when the first kite was flown, but legend has it that a Chinese farmer tied his hat to a string to keep it from blowing away and as a result, the first kite was created. It is also speculated that kites came to be as a result of observing wind in the sails of Chinese fishing boats. A further speculation is that the first kite was simply a huge leaf with a long string attached.
Its original name was ‘flying money’ because it was so light it could blow out of your hand. At first it was more like a check because you would exchange them for money.