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Intro to CCSS P.D.
Transcript of Intro to CCSS P.D.
Key Shifts for ELA/Literacy
Key Shifts for Math
Common Core State Standards (CCSS)
What are the CCSS?
The CCSS represent the most significant widespread education reform that has ever occurred in American public schools.
The CCSS require new kinds of assessments.
How will they change what teachers do?
CCSS will have varying degrees of influence
for secondary teachers.
The Technology Piece
The standards also take into account our rapidly changing information age, acknowledging that entirely new genres of reading and writing could develop at any time (Twitter, Facebook, Blogs, etc.)
It is essential that our students have a wide
range of skills beyond what was needed in the
20th Century that include critical thinking,
problem solving, creativity, innovation, etc.
As the new CCSS are being implemented, educators are searching for answers to 3 questions.
1. What are the CCSS?
2. How will it change what I do?
3. Why are they here?
ELA & Math
CCSS replaces the old
History, Science, & Technical Subjects
The standards offer 10 areas of key
skills to overlay onto already existing state content standards.
Literacy demands in college, the workplace, and life in general are getting higher, not lower, and to thrive in an information-rich, digital global age, we need a highly literate population.
We ALL teach Literacy!
This translates to teachers in all disciplines sharing responsibility for students' literacy development.
It makes sense that the best person to teach specific areas of literacy is the expert teacher of the field: scientists, historians, and other scholars.
It doesn't mean that a science teacher is going to stop teaching the concept of velocity and start teaching essay writing, but it does mean that writing in science, a common occurrence among scientists, will benefit young scholars.
Engage with Complex Text
Regular practice with complex text and its academic language.
Extract and Employ Evidence
Reading, writing, speaking, and listening are grounded in evidence from text, both literary and informational.
Through content rich nonfiction.
Narrow the scope of content and deepen how time and energy is spent.
Make math make sense. Think across grades, and link to major topics in each grade (progressions of learning).
Students should not only have the procedural skills but also the conceptual understanding.
Students should be able to apply mathematical ways of thinking to real world issues and challenges.
To help address the demands of technology, the CCSS incorporates research and media skills into every subject.
No longer do books, or adults, hold all of the information.
Students have to be able to navigate through, independently, a vast amount of information, learn and mimic new genres, and communicate with others near and far.
45 States & 3 Territories have adopted the CCSS.
Learning is linked to the College and Career Readiness Standards (CC&R).
The CCSS are organized in a simple, linear fashion that acknowledges that work of a 1st grade teacher contributes to the growth of a 10th grade student.
This organization will help teachers focus on the big picture of how their work with students is connected to the past and future.
In 2011, Gov. Jerry Brown, Supt. of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson, and State Board of Education President Michael Kirst signed legislation to join Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC).
"A Summary of Core Components" on the SBAC website states that this new assessment "ensures coverage of the full range of ELA/literacy and mathematics standards and breadth of achievement levels by combining a variety of item types (e.g., selected-response, constructed response, and technology-enhanced) and performance tasks, which require application of knowledge and skills."
Administered in the last 12 weeks of the school years for grades 3-8 and 11.
4 Types of Items/Tasks
1. Selected Response Items
2. Technology-Enhanced Items
3. Constructed-Response Items
4. Performance Tasks
Adjusts the difficulty of questions throughout the assessment
provides a more detailed picture of where students excel or need additional support
shorter than paper-and-pencil assessments because fewer questions are required to accurately determine each student's achievement level
more accurate way to evaluate student achievement , readiness for college and careers and to measure growth over time
Keep doing what you're doing!
Reading & Writing!
REMEMBER - Ultimate Goal
Every Child be College and Career Ready!
Activity #1 - Process the Shifts
Read/discuss the Key shifts of the CCSS in ELA/Literacy.
Take 10 minutes to process the shifts and what opportunities and challenges lie ahead. Record your thoughts.
Share out with a partner and elaborate on 1-2 of your boxes. Each partner has two minutes.
Since the end of the 19th century, two philosophies of education have been in competition for dominance:
Traditionalism and Progressivism
1892 - The Report of the Committee of 10
In 1892, America wanted to be competitive on the world stage.
Only 3% of HS students went to college.
97% of Americans did not complete HS as it was not considered necessary to obtain employment within an American economy largely made up of industry, small businesses, farming and blue collar work.
1918 - Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education
A new progressive educational paradigm
End of WWI, America was an established world power.
Scientific and technological advances were happening in the world.
Need to better educate all students (not just the 3%) to compete in a diverse and changing world economy.
Real world experiences became emphasis in education.
Variety of course offerings/vocational paths could now be pursued in American high schools.
New Doubts About American Education
Progressive model became dominant in American Education, some believed it lacked the academic rigor of the previous traditional model.
At the conclusion of WWII, America was considered to be the most powerful country in the world.
The USSR’s launch of the world’s first satellite into space, however, caused Americans to doubt its educational system.
Since this time, American concerns about how we compare with other world nations has been relentless.
The Last 40 Years: Declining Academic Rankings
Since the 1960's, American student academic rankings have steadily declined compared to those of other modern industrialized nations.
Also, in comparison, the average American appears to be increasingly less prepared to adequately work and compete within a high-tech world economy.
As a result, a variety of “new” teaching approaches have been tried, all with mixed and inconsistent results.
Today’s Common Core: A Balanced Approach
Some argue high level academic requirements and rigor put forth by the traditionalists has disappeared.
Others argue progressive goal of preparing students for the real world of work through practical experiences is not being met.
Goal of CCSS is to address both of these deficits in a way that better prepares people to be productive within an increasingly high-tech world economy.
Let's Take a Look at the C.A.T.
What did you notice?
Activity #2: Table Talk
Discuss the following with your table.
1. In what ways are students being asked to respond to questions?
2. What is different about the Constructed Response compared to CST's?
3. How can we better prepare our kids for these types of questions?
Meet with your PLC and complete the "Ticket out the Door"
1. Identify ways you can practice with students taking evidence from text (whole class or small group).
2. How will you incorporate opportunities for students to practice constructed responses?