Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Historical Timeline for ELL

No description
by

Samuel Grubbs

on 18 September 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Historical Timeline for ELL

1900
1960
2000
1840
1980
Historical Timeline for Second Language Learners
1840's
1840s – When state systems of public education were established, some schools were bilingual.
1884
1884 - Tape v. Hurley - Chinese American children given the right to public education on the basis of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and the laws of the state of California. However from the 1880s to the 1940s, Asian Americans were educated in segregated public schools by laws and practices.




1914-1919
1914-1919 - During World War I there was a push for monolingualism and the teaching of German was eliminated from public schools.
1923
1923 - In reaction to the large number of non-English speaking immigrants, by 1923, thirty-four states had passed laws requiring that English be the language of instruction in public schools.


1946
1946 – Mendez v. Westminster Board of Education - In this ruling, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit held that the segregation of Mexican and Mexican American students into separate "Mexican schools" was unconstitutional.
1958
1958 - The National Defense Act encouraged the study of foreign languages in school.
1959
1959 - After the Cuban Revolution, thousands of Cuban families fled to the United States as political exiles. Public schools, especially those in South Florida, were overwhelmed with the enrollment of Spanish-speaking children. President Eisenhower authorized the immediate transfer of one million dollars to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare for assistance to South Florida.
1967 - The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) was amended to create the Bilingual Education Act (Title VII). The Bilingual Education Act provided discretionary, supplemental funding (federal aid) for school districts that established programs to meet the “special educational needs” of children with limited English speaking ability.
1967
1970 - May 25, 1970 Memorandum states: “Where inability to speak and understand the English language excludes national origin minority group children from effective participation in educational programs offered by a school district, the district must take affirmative steps to rectify the language deficiency in order to open its instructional programs to these students.”
1970
1973 - In Keys v. School District Number One, Denver Colorado, the U.S. Supreme court recognized Mexican Americans as having the constitutional right to be recognized as an identifiable minority.
1973
1981 - Castaneda v. Pickard required that “appropriate action to overcome language barriers” be taken and that the programs be well documented. It also set the standards for courts in examining programs for LEP students: sound pedagogically theory, implemented effectively with adequate resources and personnel, and after a trial period, evaluation of effectiveness in overcoming language handicaps.
1981
1994 - President Clinton signed an executive order: "Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans."
1994
1999 – 43 states and the district of Columbia had laws providing for bilingual education & English-as-a-second-language (ESL) instruction.
1999
2001 – No Child Left Behind Act - Bilingual education was folded into NCLB and references to “bilingual education” were changed to “language instruction education program.” Bilingual Education was turned into a state-administered formula-grant program. NCLB required states and districts “to help ensure that children who are limited English proficient, …attain English proficiency, develop high levels of academic attainment in English, and meet the same challenging State academic standards as all children are expected to meet.”
2001
1966
Samuel Orville Grubbs was born and completely ignorant to the English language.
2006
My family and I move to Texas and learned the official English language with words including: Ya'll, fixin', and posta.
1982
The year I quit school! (I had not mastered formal English making it difficult to find decent work)
My experience at TDS Fort Worth, Texas; I tried to learn spanish.
2002
Full transcript