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ART 152 Timeline Project - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

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Anastasia Postnikova

on 14 May 2015

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Transcript of ART 152 Timeline Project - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

"The Bridge"
- "Link or bridge with art of the future"

- Other members: Fritz Bleyl, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Emil Nolde, Otto Mueller

- vivid color, emotional tension, violent imagery

- urban subject matter

- revived older media, e.g. woodcut prints
Biography
- Born on May 6, 1880
- 1901, began studying architecture in Dresden
- 1905, founded the artists' group "Die Brücke"
- 1911, moved to Berlin
- 1913, painted The Berlin Street Scene
- 1914, volunteered for military service, but suffered a nervous breakdown in 1915 and was discharged
- 1933, work branded as "degenerate" by the Nazis
- 1937, over 600 of works sold or destroyed
- 1938, committed suicide
Expressionism
- subjective perspective: not objective reality but subjective emotions that arouse within a person.

- distorting the world to evoke ideas and moods.

- reaction to the dehumanizing effect of industrialization and the growth of cities.
Influences
- The French Revolution

- The Industrial Revolution and WWI

- Modern Philosophy

- Lebensreform

- Fashion
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Berlin Street Scene, 1913

Edward Munch, The Scream, 1895
Kathe Kollwitz, The Widow I, 1922-23
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Group of Artists, 1926
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Manifesto, woodcut, 1905
Fashion
highlighted the silhouette
of the mature, full-figured
body.

Skirts gradually grew
shorter and
began to reveal the ankle.

The overall silhouette of
dresses also changed
slightly, moving
toward a narrower,
straighter line.
"The symphony of the great city"
Expression of acute perspectives, jagged
strokes, dense angular forms, and caustic
color.

Charged and anxious atmosphere.

Large and forbidding city with a sense of the approaching war.
Nietzsche
The name of the group derived from “Thus Spoke Zarathustra.”

Kirchner and the members of "The Bridge" shared Nietzsche’s view that many was a bridge to a better world.

Friedrich Nietzsche rejected the rational, believed that Western society was decadent and suppressed because of excessive reliance on reason at the expense of emotion and passion.
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Nollendorfplatz, 1911
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Der Belle-Alliance-Platz, 1914
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Brandenburger Tor, 1915
Edvard Munch, Portrait of Friedrich Nietzsche, 1906
Advancements in technology, Industrial revolution, growing apprehension of war.

Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in history, when almost every aspect of daily life was influenced in some way.

Detrimental effects of industrialization: alienation of individuals in cities, mechanized impersonal society.
No more third world territories left for the European powers to conquer.
Propagated a back-to-nature lifestyle, emphasizing organic food, nudism, sexual liberation, alternative medicine, and religious reform.

(and at the same time abstention from alcohol, tobacco, drugs, and vaccines)
Lebensreform ("Life Reform")
Full transcript