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Norway Population Demographics
Transcript of Norway Population Demographics
Population Density: 15.5 people per square km
Birth Rate: 10.8 per 1,000 people
Death Rate: 9.2 per 1,000 people
Population Growth Rate: 0.3% per year
Rate of Natural Increase: 0.16%
79% urban & 21% rural
Fertility, Health & Immigration
Less than 15: 17.5%
Greater than 65: 16.8%
Population of Women 15-54: 53.2%
Total Fertility Rate: 1.85
Infant mortality rate: 3 per 1,000
Child mortality rate: 2.8 per 1,000
Maternal Mortality: 7 per 100,000 births
Female Life Expectancy: 83.1 years
Male Life Expectancy: 77.7 years
Immigrants make up 10% of population
Net migration rate per 1,000: 1.68
Nationwide Literacy rate: 100%
Predominant Ethnic & Religious Groups
Inhabitants historically have come mostly from Germany, Finland, and Central Asia. The majority of population is ethnic Norwegian of North German/Nordic descent.
Population and Growth Rate
The Evangelical Lutheran Church is the official church of Norway; Norwegians are not required to be members of the state church, but Church is headed by King of Norway and more than 85% of the population participates. Other Christian denominations include Roman Catholic and Protestant.
Jewish: less than 1,000
Hindu: nearly 4,000
Gross National Product per capita: $98,860
Total GDP: $537,258,000,000
In 2012, Norway ranked 23th highest GDP in the world
Petroleum, transportation equipment, metals, fish & fish products
Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower
Since 1971, when significant petroleum reserves were discovered in the Norwegian continental shelf, Norway has become the world’s 5th largest exporter of oil.
Photo taken by: Eli Abbasi
Social & Political Data
Status of Women
Norway has been described as a “haven for gender equality” by the UN’s Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Females have a higher enrollment in tertiary education than men (224,706 vs 88,060). There are 40 women that hold seats in parliament out of 169 and women head many ministries of Energy, Justice, Agriculture, etc. In the workplace,the National Labor Code, through revisions in 1981 and 1985 has provided equal treatment between men and women in hiring and salary. In 1910, universal suffrage, which included women, was adopted for all municipal elections and in 1913 for national elections. Marital rape in Norway is not explicitly criminalized. One in 10 Norwegian women over the age of 15 has been raped. Traditional beliefs of male prerogative and modern-day assumptions about female emancipation and gender-egalitarianism has made the subject a taboo. Widespread contraceptive use and family planning are prevalent: 88.4% of women aged 20-44 used contraceptives.
Health care coverage in Norway is a universal, tax-funded, and single payer system. The health system is nationally managed and financed and supports the notion that all legal residents have equal access regardless of socioeconomic status, native country, and location of residence. While private health insurance is growing, it covers a mere 5 percent of health care services; the rest is nationalized and built around a universal welfare state. European Union residents have same access to health services as legal residents. Hospitals are funded by the national budget and carried out by four Regional Health Authorities. There are roughly 4.2 doctors per 1,000 people. The system is subsidized, including prescription medications and cost of medicine. The Nordic model health care system of Norway was ranked 11th in the world by the World Health Organization in 2000. The universal welfare state is made possible by high tax rates. On a related note, the price per gallon of gas is $10.12. Norway is the only major oil producer with expensive gas. The gas is exceedingly expensive because, instead of subsidizing fuel, the country uses profits for free education and infrastructure improvements.
Form of Government
Norway has a Representative Democratic Constitutional Monarchy. The King’s council exercises executive power and the cabinet is led by the Prime Minister. Legislative power is vested in the government and the unicameral parliament, elected within a multi-party system. The judicial powers are separated from the executive and legislative.
Family Planning Policy
Generally, the northern Nordic nations of Europe are seeing a decline in population, and governments typically employ a range of policies designed to help couples have more children. However, in Norway, the concern over fertility is relatively mild. Still, with a total fertility under the replacement rate, mothers are entitled to 12 months off work with 80% pay or 10 months with full pay. Fathers are entitled to take almost all of that leave instead of the mother.Norway’s abortion regulations are as follows: up through 12 weeks of pregnancy, abortion is available in hospitals. Between 12 and 18 weeks, a woman must go before a committee before an abortion, and after 18 weeks, abortions are only permitted in cases of fetal anomalies or health threats to women. In terms of nationally sponsored family planning, the Family Councilling Service has been available to families and individuals with a need for advice and treatment in connection with problems and crisis situations since 1958. There are currently 52 family councilling offices. Abortion remains controversial and officials want to establish a clear distinction between abortion and methods of contraceptives. Family planning is a national priority.
National Currency: Kroner
2013 World Happiness Report
by the United Nations
By Eli Abbasi
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