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Transcript of The Crusades
Groups that Took Part: The Knights Templar:
Crusades: A Failure Long-Term Effects
The crusades were 'expeditions' or battles whose main goal was to take the Holy Land back from Muslim control. The word 'crusade' comes from the old French word crois, which translates to cross. The Crusades began in 1095 A.D. and were started by the Christians.
The two primary groups who fought in the Crusades were the Christians and the Muslims. The Knights Templar were the most powerful military monastic that took part in the Crusades. They protected Christian pilgrims while they were in the Holy Land. Overall, the Crusades were a failure. In the 1st Crusade it took them 3 years to capture Jerusalem, from 1096 AD to 1099 AD. It was their first success as they managed to capture it.
In the 2nd Crusade, at 1144 A.D. Muslims captured Edessa. St. Bernard tried to get people to help push Muslims back, but failed.
In the 3rd, Muslims recaptured all of Jerusalem. The Christians couldn't take it back from them because of their lack of resources.
In the 4th, Christians were lacking direction and strong leadership, and as a result, the Catholics and Christians fought amongst themselves, severing their alliance.
In the 5th, Christians managed to capture Damietta, but they couldn't hold it for long. Muslims actually offered Jersualem in exhange for Damietta, but Cardinal Pelaguis refused the offer in arroagance.
In the 6th, the Christians and Muslims ended the Crusade with a treat that gave Christians authority over Jerusalem. It was their only other success.
In the 7th, Christians recaptured Damietta, but the army was routed. and in the last Crusade, the 8th, King Louis IX of France died before the Crusade's goals could be accomplished. The Crusades cost Christendom several million lives, which was a negative effect.
However, the Crusades helped break down feudal aristocracy and led to famous explorers like Marco Polo to explore various countries of Asia. The End.