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1931 China Floods

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muzaina muneer

on 16 May 2016

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Transcript of 1931 China Floods

1931 China Floods
In 1931 in central china, the Yangtze, yellow and huai rivers caused one of the deadliest natural disasters ever recorded and almost certainly the deadliest of the 20th century. The ultimate cause of the 1931 Central China Flood lay in the long-term interaction between human communities and river basins. Flooding was one of the worst problem faced by those living in the Yangtze region.

Location: This even occurred in the republic of china. the yellow river, Yangtze river and huai river all overflowed. All these were near to the central area of China.
Why Did This Events Occur?
Key Developments And Process
Characteristics
Image by Tom Mooring
1931 China Floods
Social- The population was 400 million, this accounts for twenty percent of the worlds population, making China one of the most densely populated countries in the world. This is the reason for the high death toll.
Factors
Scale: The overflow of three major rivers in china caused water to rise average 1.7 meters above ground. the highest recorded was 16 meters achieved on august 19th at hankou. The flood affected many other areas in China such as huebi, hunam , giangxi, hankou ,wuhan, hanyang and chongqing covering over 100,000 square km.
Time: The flood lasted for five moths, this number varies depending on the river. it happened in the early 1930's.
History: From 1928 to 1930, China experienced drought, therefore it was strange to experience typhoons and heavy rains. These storms broke many levees which lead to the flood a levees is caused by a Ceylon.
Economic: China's industries developed and grew from 1927 to 1931. Though badly hit by the Great Depression from 1931 to 1935. Many of the areas hit were rural and not very well developed.The Huai River overflowed, and the waters headed straight for the capital city in China, which at the time was Nanjing. Nanjing was surrounded by water anyway, as it was balanced on an island. However, as the water levels rose, the city suffered colossal damages. 145,000, of flood damage. (2.9 million dollars $$ of repairment .)
Environmental- The areas affected were very much inland and rural.
Political- The drought had fooled the government and the area was underdeveloped so floods had been unstoppable it was only later on when dams had been built.
Heavy snowstorms followed by spring and then heavy rain that raised river levels significantly. Cyclones and heavier rain came in July to august.
China has had droughts before the event that was unusual. China experienced many floods, but not of this scale.
Preparation
Droughts had occurred for 2 years before the event, so no one expected the floods. There was some warning such as increased rainfall and snowstorms but it was to late.
Impacts!
Positive- The positive impacts includes the benefits this event has had on technology and agriculture. People can now rebuild better houses and structures and have more fertile soil with more nutrients.
Negative- Many people died, those who drowned made up 3% of the deaths, while those who died of starvation, disease, cannibalism and homelessness were around 2-3 million. While many buildings had fallen and been destroyed by floods. Crops and farming land had been destroyed to area where people were reliant on these.
Positive
Negative
Human
Environmental
People,after the destruction,were able to improve there homes and buildings.
Floods made soil more nutritious and more fertile for farming.
140,000-1 million people drowned,3 million died typhus, cholera , starvation, cannibalism.
More than a million people were homeless.
Check out this YouTube video out the impact on weather!
The flood destroyed many structures and flooded crops causing starvation and homelessness for a lot of the country.

The Government could have risen awareness of flooding and gotten people prepared. Artificial levees could have been built to support the unstable natural ones. Food supplies could have been sent in to deal with the rising need for food and dams should have been built before the event.
How could these impacts could have been better?
BY: MUZAINA
GEOGRAPHY
Check list:
- The economic, social, political impact on 1931 China floods.
- Pictures and Info about topic.
- videos to understand topic and impact.
- Spelling and grammar.
Impacts
Impact on people ( How the flood impacted people and there living?)
Check this out!!!!!
Full transcript