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English Literature PT: Drama Through the Ages
Transcript of English Literature PT: Drama Through the Ages
Also known as Age of Shakespeare
Many plays written in verse Particularly in IAMBIC PENTAMETER - Do you remember what THAT is? DA-dum DA-dum DA-dum DA-dum DA-dum People attended such "verse" plays in HUGE NUMBERS
Openings of Large Playhouses during that period
Increased PATRONAGE OF DRAMA! Popular types of plays during this era Histories of English rulers
REVENGE (very KOREAN)
Sexual innuendos and sexual situations (raised eyebrows) FAMOUS DRAMATISTS William Shakespeare (applause)
Christopher Marlowe (Dr. Faustus)
Ben Johnson (The Alchemist)
Thomas Kyd ** General Facts: Elizabethan ERA Religious themes Secular Issues Tragedies: Created scene of terror and pity within the audience Hamlet, Othello and Duchess of Malfi Comedy in theatre - Ben Johnson liked to poke fun at society :D Jacobean Drama General Information Produced during the reign of King James I of England (1603-1625) Any DIFFERENCE? Focused on the COURT and LONDON Larger roles for female characters, often as SHREWD SCHEMERS More wicked or incompetent rulers as characters Loss of NATIONAL SPIRIT AND PATRONAGE Plot CREATORS, not BORROWERS Roles of Team Members Presenters:
Quiz Designers: Koh Qi Qian, Rachel
Rukmini Roy Tag Wan Yi
Yip Si Yuan, Donna Low Tian Ling
Ong Seeu Si Tones of DRAMA Gloom
Realism WHAT THEY DID POORLY... POOR Poetry
POOR Characterisation The Spanish Tragedy
By Thomas Kyde Established NEW GENRE in English Drama
Used subtle, varied and even shocking dramaturgical devices
Used 'action-packed' language which was well-suited for the murderous and vengence-filled play
Received much popularity from the English public REVENGE TRAGEDY 'Most SUCCESSFUL dramatic work of Elizabethan theatre, EVEN BETTER than Shakespeare!' - Felix Carre, French Scholar Very first mordern revenge tragedy
So successful that MANY allusions to it abbounded from Ben Jonson, Thomas Tomkis and even T.S.Eliot
Work printed in more than 10 editions until King Charles I reign in England
More than twice than of Shakespeare's work during that time Bibliography Websites:
Chambers, E. K. The Elizabethan Stage. 4 Volumes, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1923; Vol. 3, p. 396.
Kyd, Thomas. The Spanish Tragedy. Philip Edwards, ed. The Revels Plays; Methuen & Co., 1959; reprinted Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1986; pp. xxi-xxvii.
Baker, Howard. "Ghosts and Guides: Kyd's 'Spanish Tragedy' and the Medieval Tragedy." Modern Philology 33.1 (1935): p. 27
Kyd, Thomas. The Spanish Tragedy. J.R. Mulryne, ed. London: A&C Black, 1989.
McMillin, Scott. "The Book of Seneca in The Spanish Tragedy." Studies in English Literature 14.2 (1974): p. 206
Eliot, T. S. The Waste Land, line 431: "Why then Ile fit you. Hieronymo's mad againe."
(Justice, Steven. Spain, Tragedy, and The Spanish Tragedy. Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900, Vol. 25, No. 2, Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama (Spring, 1985), pp. 271-288. Published by: Rice University. 1 April 2009.)
(Smith, Molly. "The Theater and the Scffold: Death as Pectable in The Spanish Tragedy". Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900, Vol. 32, No. 2, Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama (Spring, 1992), pp. 217-232. Rice University) QUIZ TIME! Question 1: Elizabethan Drama was produced when ______. a) King Elizabeth ruled England.
b) Queen Elizabeth ruled England.
c) Princess Elizabeth was born. The Age of __________ Question 2: What was the Elizabethan Era also known as in Drama? Question 3: Give two examples of famous dramatists during the Elizabethan / Jacobean Era. Question 4: Give one difference between the characters in Elizabethan Drama and that of those in Jacobean Drama. Question 5: What did Jacobean dramatists do poorly in? Poetry and ________________. Question 6: The Spanish Tragedy intorduced the new genre of _______. a) Revenge Tragedy
b) Histories of English Rulers
c) Court Issues and London Life Question 7: Which play was publicily thought to be even better than Shakespeare's in Elizabethan Theatre? a) Othello
b) The Spanish Tragedy
c) The Jew of Malta Social and Political Influences on the Spanish Tragedy an old custom: to seek private revenge for one's family
however, in ELIZABETHAN ERA:
social abhhoration of Machiavellian murder in public
believes that revenge has to be brought about by god, not men which led dramatists to:
write plays which display such vices
fascinate audience with the possibility of such in society
emphasise the employment of ruse and deception to discourage in society Another Influence on The Spanish Tragedy Lucius Annaeus Seneca Dramatic pieces greatly influenced England and Europe
Tragedies affected famous dramatist including Shakespeare
Vengeance, rape, lust, incest and savagery
Very powerful plays and dramatic pieces
"The Spanish Tragedy" is an imitation of Senecan's work but adapted it and made it popular Question 8: 1. What was the difference in patronage of the arts from Elizabethan theatre to Jacobean Era? a)Only the rich and the royalties patronaged theatres.
b)Only the courtly classes, socially irresponsible population patronaged the theatre.
c)The queen, the nobles, the courtiers, and groundlings patronaged during Elizabethan Era while the Jacobean drama only drew socially irresponsible parts of the population to the theatres.
Question 9: Satire and realism was used to _____. a) Expose London life, its manners, the vices and follies of those times.
b) Expose London life, its manners, the vices and follies of those times and bring about correction to the vices.
c) Give the audience a romantic and fairyland atmosphere in the theatre. Question 10: What took the place of poetry in Jacobean theatre?
a) Rhetorical devices and more oratory was used, rather than poetry.
b) Eminem, Katy Perry, Lady Gaga and Justin Bieber.
c) Oratory devices and more rhetoric was used rather than poetry. THANK YOU!