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Copy of Genres of Poetry
Transcript of Copy of Genres of Poetry
* Poetry that tells a story
* Generally contains a narrator, as well
as characters, setting, conflict, plot
- uses same devices as prose
* Originally created to explain traditions
- i.e. tall tales
* One of the most popular/beloved forms of poetry
* Types of narrative poems include:
- epic poems
- novels written in verse
"The Road Not Taken" - Robert Frost
"Theme for English B" - Langston Hughes
* Wrote 154 sonnets
* Title: numbered (i.e. Sonnet 36)
* Written in iambic pentameter
* Composed of 3 quatrains, 1 couplet
- quatrain: 4 line stanza
- couplet: 2 line stanza
* rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg
Examples: "Sonnet 18"
* A form of narrative poetry
- tells a story
* Often set to music because of its sing-song like feel when spoken
* Now it is considered as a love song
- especially in pop/rock genres
- power ballad, rock ballad
* Contains an easily identifiable rhyme scheme
* Often contains a repeated refrain
"Piano Man" - Billy Joel
"Hotel California"- The Eagles
"Pinball Wizard" - The Who
"Cats in the Cradle" - Cat Stevens
"Night When the Lights Went Out in Georgia" - Reba McEntire
* Witty, humorous or nonsense poem
* Consists of one five line stanza
* Strict rhyme scheme: aabba
* Often contain hyperbole and onomatopoeia
* Generally are not titled
* Gained fame by Edward Lear
"There Once Was a Man from Nantucket"
* Poem that mimics another
- generally a well-known poem
* Uses same poetic elements
- form, rhyme scheme, etc.
* Written as a comedic response to original (supposed to be funny)
"A Dieter's Night Before Christmas"
"Sonnet 18 (A Cheesy Parody)"
* Also known as open form
* No consistent pattern required
- rhyme scheme, form, musicality, etc.
- however, the poet may choose to use them
to create structure within the poem
* Still considered a "form" of poetry
* Tends to be found in most contemporary
* Walt Whitman is known as the "Father of free verse" because of his controversial (at the time) free from form poetry found in the collection "Leaves of Grass"
"egg horror poem" - Lauren Winter
* Performance Art
* Often include experimentation with other art forms such as:
- music, theater, dance, etc.
* Used to give audiences an insight on a particular life aspect
* Gained media popularity through Russell Simmons' Def Poetry Jam 2002-2007
* Currently Spoken Word artists mainly use YouTube to "publish" their poems
* Much more accessible form of poetry outside of the academic environment
Also Known as "SLAM" Poetry.
"Touchscreen" - Marshall Davis Jones
"If I Should Have a Daughter" - Sarah Kay
* Also known as shape or visual poetry
* The words on the page are formed in a way in which conveys a particular theme, rhythm, etc.
* Visual elements of the poem are
JUST AS IMPORTANT AS THE TEXT
* The visual artistic form of poetry
* Very contemporary: began in the 1950's
"400 Meter Freestyle" - Maxine Kumin
"The Mouse's Tale" - Lewis Carroll
* Traditional Japanese poetry
* Very strict structure
- 3 lines, 17 total syllables (5-7-5)
* No rhyme scheme
* Typically focus on nature
* Focus on creating an image based on few words
* Contains an allusion to a season
"Haiku" - Richard Wright
"Honku" - Aaron Naparstek
DO YOURSELF A FAVOR. DON'T OVERTHINK
POETRY. POETRY DOES HAVE MEANING TO A
WRITER, BUT POETRY IS TRULY PERPECTIVE. THE
GREATEST MEANING IS WHAT YOU GIVE IT.