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Module 2

Ancient societies
by

Genesis Reyes

on 10 June 2011

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Transcript of Module 2

MODULE 2:
The Ancient World Ancient Egypt 3100 BC-342 BC Eubank, Keith and Tortora, Phyllis G., Survey of Historic Costume, New York: Fairchild Publications, Inc., 2005. Print. Superhumeral Kalasiris Lotus Flower Wig Schenti In this image we see a group of four Egyptians togetherfor some sort of ritual because of the wigs they are wearng. Wigs were usually worn for ritual or social purposes. We know that they are not of royalty because none of them are wearing Nemes which are royal headdresses nor divie beards. Divine beards are made of clay and attached to the face, also worn by royalty. On the right of the image, there is a fmale wearing a kalasiris which is a very transparent, light weight linen shift dress. The male next to her is adorned with a simple wrap skirt called a schenti. All the Egyptians in this image are adorned with superhumerals which are broad collars around their necks, similar to very large necklaces. The two Egyptians in the middle are holding Lotus flowers that symbolize the sun and rebirth. Kalasiris
Neme
Wig
Ankh
Superhumeral
Jewelry Ancient Egyptian Costumes & Decorations. 350 bc. Photograph. Ancient Egypt, Egypt. Fashion Era. 15 Nov. 2007. Web. 9 June 2011 In the image we see a female in a kalasiris which is a light weight linen dress also known as a sheath dress. Her breast are out because the Egyptians did not believe in modesty. She is also wearing an adorned broad collar called a superhumeral with jewelry attched to each of her wrists as bracelets. She is wears a wig, a sign that this image takes place at a social or ritual with a Neme, or headdress on top. In her hand she holds the symbol of the Ankh that means eternal life. “Wah's jewelry” Thebes, tomb of Wah, early Dynasty 12, New York: Metropolitan Mesuem of Art, Web. 4 October 4, 2009. In the image we see a superhemural which is
a broad collar. It could be adorned with different
jewels and decorated by different materials. We
also see different types of Egyptian jewelry that
was worn by men and women. The most iportant
piece of jewelry here is the lotus necklace because
the lotus flower was very important to the
Egyptians, it symbolized th sun and creation. Ancient Greece 800-300 BC On a part of this Greek vase you can see (from left to right) a women with an iconic chiton and a fillet on her head. AnIonic chiton consist of a large rectangular piece of fabric held by many fibulae on the arms, almost like sleeves. A fillet is a band of fabric wrapped around the hair. She is also wearing a Himation, or a Greek equivilant of a shawl over her chiton. Next to her you see another female with a Doric chiton. A doric chiton is a drapey rectangular fabric folded once around the body and attached at the shoulder with a fibula (pin). Next to her we have a women with a himation and an iconic chiton. next to her are two men with chlamys and petasos and wearing himation. A chlamys is a shorter version of a himation that males use. Pestasos are straw hats used for utility purposes. Iconic chiton Doric chiton Himation Fillet Pestasos chlamys Eubank, Keith and Tortora, Phyllis G., Survey of Historic Costume,New York: Fairchild Publications, Inc. 2005. Print. “Attributed to the Phiale Painter: Lekythos depicting Poseidon pursuing Amymone ”, In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–, Web. 4 October 2009. These drawings on the vase show a woman wearing a simple Doric chiton which is a long drapey rectangular cut fabric folded once around the body and attached at the shoulder with a fibula (pin). Also, there are strips on the ends of her chiton with patterns. Patterns were very important for the Greeks because they showed statsu and hierarchy.. The man on the other hand is wearing a himation or a Greek equivalent of a modern day shawl. Eubank, Keith and Tortora, Phyllis G., Survey of Historic Costume, New York: Fairchild Publications, Inc., 2005, Print In this photograph you can clearly see that the Greek woman is wearing along rectangular fabric folded once arounded the body , pinned at the shoulder with a pin called a fibula. This garment is called a Doric chiton, On her head she has a fillet that in ancient Greece would be put on after her hair was done in which today we call that headband. Also she hasdistinguished patterns all over her chiton. There is also one type of drape style used here, It is called the cascade drape because the folds fall down vertically. Roman Costumes. 652 bc. Photograph. History of Fashion and Dress. The Costumer's Manifesto. Maginnis, May 1878. Web. 9 June 2011. Tunica Toga Palla Stola Clavi Cuirass Calceus Etruscan &
Ancient Rome 800 BC-26 AD n the image we see several different Romans withdifferent types of garments on. Although, theRomans were known for stealing styles from othercultures, they had their own names. There is the Togathat derived from the Etruscan trebenna. The toga wasa large shawl cut into the half circles of fabric. The Palla wasfabric wrapped around the body like a smaller shawl. A stolawas worn by women because it as a gown. It also had sleeves.Tunicas were worn by men and women under their togas anda clavi was a patter on the edge of a garment. As for warriors,a cuirass was a metal breast plate worn by men. Sandals werecalled calceus. Eubank, Keith and Tortora, Phyllis G., Survey of Historic Costume, New York: Fairchild Publications, Inc., 2005. Print. In this photo a Roman woman is wearing a tunica which is worn under garments like an undershirt. She also has a and has a stola over her tunica. Her hair is simply done, as styles hair is important for woman to do in ancient Rome. In her hand she has a folded handkerchief and she is barefoot. Eubank, Keith and Tortora, Phyllis G., Survey of Historic Costume,New York: Fairchild Publications, Inc., 2005. Print. In this photo this roman man is wearing a tunica which serves as an undershirt. Over this tunica he has on a toga. A toga is a garment made up of two half circles and drapes ont he body. The way that his clothing is draped shows his stature in society. Drapery was held as a high skill in Rome.
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