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Basic Paragraph Writing

Gimcheon University English Department Freshman Class
by

Robert Black

on 18 November 2014

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Transcript of Basic Paragraph Writing

Paragraphs
My hometown is famous for several amazing natural features.
First, it is noted for the Wheaton River, which is very wide and beautiful. Also, on the other side of the town is Wheaton Hill, which is unusual because it is very steep. The third amazing feature is the Big Old Tree. This tree stands two hundred feet tall and is probably about six hundred years old.
These three landmarks are truly amazing and make my hometown a famous place.
The 5-sentence Paragraph
Topic Sentence
- introduces the topic and tells what the writer will say about the topic.
My hometown is famous for several amazing natural features.
Supporting Sentences
- further explain and support the topic sentence.
First, it is noted for the Wheaton River, which is very wide and beautiful. Also, on the other side of the town is Wheaton Hill, which is unusual because it is very steep.The third amazing feature is the Big Old Tree. This tree stands two hundred feet tall and is probably about six
hundred years old.
Concluding Sentence
These three landmarks are truly amazing and
make my hometown a famous place.
- repeats the information in the topic sentence in a different way.
The Writing Process
Prewriting
Writing
Revising
Reading
Thinking
Talking
Warming Up Your Brain
Brainstorming
Topic Sentence
Supporting Sentences
Unity
Mechanics
Concluding Sentence
Revising Checklist
Do you have a topic sentence?
Cross out sentences without coherence.
Check Sentence Order.
Add new ideas to support the topic sentence.
Check that signal words guide the reader well.
Check punctuation, spelling and grammar.
Rough Draft

Final Draft
Mechanics
and Unity
1. Names of people
2. Names of mountains, mountain ranges, hills and volcanoes
3. Names of bodies of water (rivers, lakes, oceans, seas, streams and creeks)
4. Names of buildings, monuments, bridges and tunnels
5. Street names
6. Schools, colleges and universities
7. Political divisions (continents, regions, countries, states, counties, cities and towns)
8. Titles of books, movies, magazines, newspapers, articles, songs, plays and works of art
9. The first letter in a sentence
10. The pronoun I


Unity:

Your paragraph has unity when it support one idea.
Punctuation:
,
used to separate words or ideas
.
declarative and imperative sentences
!
exclamatory sentences
?
interrogative sentences
Fragments and Run-on sentences:
A
run-on sentence
is two sentences that are written together without correct punctuation.
Fragments
are incomplete thoughts.
Example Paragraphs:
-The writer explains the topic by giving examples so that the reader clearly understands the writer's ideas about a topic.
-- An example paragraph topic sentence introduces the topic and the controlling idea and what the writer will say about it.
-- An example paragraph supporting sentence supports the topic sentence by telling about a situation or story in the simple present.
--- Examples should be specific, clearly connected to the controlling idea and they should tell more information about the topic sentence.
--An example paragraph concluding sentence restates the topic and what the writer said about it.
Process Paragraphs:
-The writer explains how to do something step by step.
--Process paragraphs use
imperatives
.

--Process paragraphs are used for situations of advice, necessity and prohibition.
---A process paragraph topic sentence introduces the process that the writer will explain
---A process paragraph supporting sentence describe the steps that give detailed information about the stages of the process. The writer may also give background details so the reader understands why the process is important.
---A process paragraph concluding sentence may also include a suggestion or warning to help the reader do the task more easily.
Opinion Paragraphs:
-The writer expresses or supports an opinion.
--An opinion paragraph gives reasons to support an opinion.
---An opinion paragraph topic sentence introduces the topic and gives the writer's opinion about the topic.
---An opinion paragraph supporting sentence gives reasons that support the writer's opinions.
----These reasons are explanations and personal experiences.
---An opinion paragraph concluding sentence restates the topic, comments on the opinion and summarizes the main reasons for the opinion.
Descriptive Paragraphs:
- The writer describes a person place or thing.
--A descriptive paragraph's topic sentence introduces the topic and tells what the writer will say about the topic.

--A descriptive paragraph's supporting sentences further explain and support the topic sentence.
--A descriptive paragraph's concluding sentence repeats the information in the topic sentence in a different way.
Capitalization:

and
because
Don't Start a sentence with a conjunction!!!
but
Narrative Paragraphs:
-The Writer tells a story.
---The topic sentence tells the reader what the story will be about,
H5W
the story took place and it captures the reader's interest.
---Supporting sentences give details about the story.
-- A narrative paragraph uses past tense.
---The concluding sentence "wraps up" the story and shares a moral or lesson.
Adjectives
(Things that happen in the present, but not necessarily right now.)
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
--Process paragraphs use time order words to describe the process.
Share your mind.
Full transcript