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Pastoral Poetry

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on 25 February 2014

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Transcript of Pastoral Poetry

Pastoral Poetry
Common Topics
Idealism rather than realism
Love and seduction
The value of poetry
Death and mourning--
The Pastoral Elegy
The corruption of the city or court vs. the "purity" of idealized country life
Politics (generally treated satirically: the "shepherds" critique society or easily identifiable political figures).
COMMON LITERARY TERMS
Image of a pastoral view that would inspire a pastoral poet.
What is Pastoral poetry?
"Pastoral" (from pastor, Latin for "shepherd") refers to a literary work dealing with shepherds and rustic life.

A term that can be applied to
any
work with a rural setting and that generally praises a rustic way of life.

The pastoral poem elevates the life of the shepherd or shepherdess, versus the evils of the city.

Characters are shepherds or people characterized by
Pastoral setting
Pastoral settings we've seen and read about before!
Of Mice and Men
The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
History
Pastoral poetry were largely established by the ancient Greek Theocritus.
The tradition was passed from Greece to Rome, where Virgil used it in his Eclogues.
Pastoral dramas first appeared in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
Pastoral romance novels appeared during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.



Famous Pastoral Poets
*Links to further study
There are no set stanza limits, or any particular rhyme scheme for the pastoral poetry form.

There is no upper or lower limitation to the number of lines in the poem.
STRUCTURE:
Come live with me and be my
love
,
And we will all the pleasures
prove
That valleys, groves, hills, and
fields
,
Woods, or steepy mountain
yields
.

And we will sit upon
rocks
,
Seeing the shepherds feed their
flocks
,
By shallow rivers to whose
falls
Melodious birds sing
madrigals.

And I will make thee beds of
roses
And a thousand fragrant
poises
,
A cap of flowers, and a
kirtle
Embroidered all with leaves of
myrtle
;

A gown made of the dinest
wool
,
Which from our pretty lambs we
pull
;
Fair lined slippers for the
cold
,
With buckles of the purest
gold
;

A belt of straw and ivy
buds
,
With coral clasps and amber
studs
;
And if these pleasures may thee
move
,
Come live with me, and be my
love
.

AA
BB
By
Christopher Marlowe, 1599

Enjambment- continuation of a sentence
or clause over a line-break
-
“And we will all the pleasures prove
That valleys, groves, hills, and fields,
Woods, or steepy mountain yields.”
Hyperbole- exaggeration
-With buckles of the purest gold
-A thousand fragrant poises
Static- the poem does not change in opinion or time

Jane Eyre
Salinas River,
California
Gateshead

"Large fields and low pastoral hills."
Most common form is Iambic foots (in the stress feet)
Series of rhyming couplets
Subjective
Reflective poetry with regular rhyme scheme
Reveals the poet's thoughts and feelings to create a single, unique impression.
Informal Language
KEY FACTS:
Does it have a rhyme scheme?

Does it have an Iambic foot?
Series of rhyming couplets
Is it subjective and/or reflective?

Does it reveal the poet's thoughts and feelings to create a unique impression?
Does it have informal language?
DIY: HOW TO VERIFY
A PASTORAL POEM

Eclogue-
a dialogue between two shepherds/persons
Monologue-
a long tedious speech by one shepherd
Two Main Genres





The Shepherd's swains shall dance and
sing
For thy delights thy each May
morning
If thy delights thy mind may
move
,
Then live with me and be my
love
.

Marlow was a lyricist poet in the early Renaissance
He was born in 1564 and died in 1593 in a tavern fight
Christopher Marlow
Bibliography
He was arrested for being an atheist
-This may have led to his belief in the corruptness of cities,
a common theme in
pastoral poetry.
First to write a tragedy in English, and to use blank verse, which inspired Shakespeare to do so as well.
Is rumored to be Shakespeare
*John Keats
Sir Philip Sydney
William Browne
Michael Drayton
Thomas Heywood
Phineas Fletcher
Walter Raleigh
Thomas Nash
http://mzsouljah.tripod.com/Pastoral/
http://cla.calpoly.edu/~dschwart/engl339/pastoral.html
http://www.types-of-poetry.org.uk/35-pastoral-poetry-type.htm
http://www.enotes.com/literary-criticism/pastoral-literature-english-renaissance
http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/Guides3/PassionateShepherd.html
http://www.novelguide.com/a/discover/pfs_0000_0022_0/pfs_0000_0022_0_00020.html

Works Cited
"Cummings Study Guide." Study Guide: The Passionate Shepherd to His Love. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/Guides3/PassionateShepherd.html>.
"Novelguide | Search Result." Novelguide. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://www.novelguide.com/a/discover/pfs_0000_0022_0/pfs_0000_0022_0_00020.html>.
"Pastoral." Pastoral. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2006. <http://www.enotes.com/literary-criticism/pastoral-literature-english-renaissance>.
"Pastoral Poetry." Pastoral Poetry. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://mzsouljah.tripod.com/Pastoral/>.
"Pastoral Poetry." Pastoral Poetry. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://cla.calpoly.edu/~dschwart/engl339/pastoral.html>.
"Pastoral Poetry Type." Pastoral Poetry Type. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://www.types-of-poetry.org.uk/35-pastoral-poetry-type.htm>.


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AP ENGLISH LANGUAGE

25 February 2014

Pastoral Poetry Form
By Simi Chugani
Iambic Tetrameter!
Full transcript