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The Progressive Era

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David Mitiguy

on 9 January 2018

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Transcript of The Progressive Era

Progressive Beliefs
How Will They Reform?
Generating Awareness
Social Justice
Political Democracy / Suffrage
- Muckrakers were journalists who used writing and photographs to expose the corruption and abuses of power

-They exposed these atrocities but offered no solutions

-This exposure (while not always entirely honest) forces the government to act
Friday, January 5, 2017
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Progressives were reformers who sought to solve problems caused by the industrial revolution and laissez-faire approaches to governance.
Who were they...What did they want?
Children, Workers, and Voters
Protecting the People
- White Protestants - Middle Class
- College Educated - Social Workers
- Scholars - Politicians
- Preachers - Preachers
- Teachers - Journalists

They hoped to Reform:

- Social Justice - Political Democracy

- Economic Equality -Conservation
The Progressive Era
- More government regulation of industry
- Greater responsiveness from the government (more voting)
- Limit the power of political bosses / machines
- Improve the lives and rights of workers
- Improve working conditions
- Clean up cities
- End segregation
Progressivism vs. Populism
- Rural, farmers
- Poor, uneducated
- Radical ideals
- Failed to gain what they wanted
Fair Labor
- Urban / cities
- Middle class,
- Politically
- Politically successful
Economic Justice
- Improve working conditions in factories

- Regulate unfair business practices

- Eliminate child labor

- Help immigrants and the poor
- Give the gov't back to the people

- Encourage greater participation in voting

- End corruption (especially in political machines)
- Fairness and opportunity in industry

- Regulate trusts / monopolies

- Reform labor practices

- Put gov't in charge of commerce, not industrialists
- Preserve natural resources and the environment
Thomas Nast
- Political Cartoonist
- Sought to eliminate political corruption
- Boss Tweed is sentenced to prison
Jacob Riis
- Photographer ("How the Other Half Lives")
- Living conditions of the poor
- NYC passes housing codes
- Wrote "The Jungle"

- Dangerous working conditions and unsanitary practices of the meatpacking industry

- The Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act are passed in 1906
- Wrote "The Bitter Cry of the Children"

- Helps end child labor and increase enrollment in schools
Upton Sinclair
John Spargo
- Many reformers seek to end child labor

- Florence Kelley: lawyer, formed the National Child Labor Committee, which became the US Children's Bureau

- John Dewey: Educator who revolutionized education in the US and helped make education compulsory
- Early 1900s, US leads the world in workplace deaths

- Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire spurs the changes that will result in higher wages, limiting the workday to 10 hours, and drastically improved workplace environments
- Numerous laws are enacted to help voters

- Recall: petition to remove elected officials from office

- Initiative: voters can petition for new laws to be voted on

- Referendum: voters can vote on various amendments and laws

- Secret Ballot: no one can see who you voted for (especially political bosses)

- Direct Primary: ensures voters choose candidates not political bosses.
Full transcript