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The Progressive Era

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by

David Mitiguy

on 9 January 2018

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Transcript of The Progressive Era

Muckrakers
Progressive Beliefs
How Will They Reform?
Generating Awareness
Social Justice
Political Democracy / Suffrage
- Muckrakers were journalists who used writing and photographs to expose the corruption and abuses of power

-They exposed these atrocities but offered no solutions

-This exposure (while not always entirely honest) forces the government to act
$1.25
Friday, January 5, 2017
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Progressives were reformers who sought to solve problems caused by the industrial revolution and laissez-faire approaches to governance.
Who were they...What did they want?
Children, Workers, and Voters
Protecting the People
- White Protestants - Middle Class
- College Educated - Social Workers
- Scholars - Politicians
- Preachers - Preachers
- Teachers - Journalists


They hoped to Reform:

- Social Justice - Political Democracy
Suffrage

- Economic Equality -Conservation
The Progressive Era
- More government regulation of industry
- Greater responsiveness from the government (more voting)
- Limit the power of political bosses / machines
- Improve the lives and rights of workers
- Improve working conditions
- Clean up cities
- End segregation
Progressivism vs. Populism
Progressives
Populists
- Rural, farmers
- Poor, uneducated
- Radical ideals
- Failed to gain what they wanted
17th
Amendment
Fair Labor
Practices
Social
Welfare
- Urban / cities
- Middle class,
educated
- Politically
mainstream
- Politically successful
Economic Justice
Conservation
- Improve working conditions in factories

- Regulate unfair business practices

- Eliminate child labor

- Help immigrants and the poor
- Give the gov't back to the people

- Encourage greater participation in voting

- End corruption (especially in political machines)
- Fairness and opportunity in industry

- Regulate trusts / monopolies

- Reform labor practices

- Put gov't in charge of commerce, not industrialists
- Preserve natural resources and the environment
Thomas Nast
- Political Cartoonist
- Sought to eliminate political corruption
- Boss Tweed is sentenced to prison
Jacob Riis
- Photographer ("How the Other Half Lives")
- Living conditions of the poor
- NYC passes housing codes
- Wrote "The Jungle"

- Dangerous working conditions and unsanitary practices of the meatpacking industry

- The Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act are passed in 1906
- Wrote "The Bitter Cry of the Children"

- Helps end child labor and increase enrollment in schools
Upton Sinclair
John Spargo
- Many reformers seek to end child labor

- Florence Kelley: lawyer, formed the National Child Labor Committee, which became the US Children's Bureau

- John Dewey: Educator who revolutionized education in the US and helped make education compulsory
- Early 1900s, US leads the world in workplace deaths

- Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire spurs the changes that will result in higher wages, limiting the workday to 10 hours, and drastically improved workplace environments
- Numerous laws are enacted to help voters

- Recall: petition to remove elected officials from office

- Initiative: voters can petition for new laws to be voted on

- Referendum: voters can vote on various amendments and laws

- Secret Ballot: no one can see who you voted for (especially political bosses)

- Direct Primary: ensures voters choose candidates not political bosses.
Full transcript