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Mayne Lerissa

on 16 July 2016

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Use mnemonics and imagery
Read more
The more you read the more words you'll be exposed to. As you read and find out new words, use a combination of attempting to derive meaning from the context of the sentence as well as from looking up the definition in a dictionary.
Play games
Play word games that challenge you and help you discover new meanings and new words. They are a great and fun tool for expanding your vocabulary. Examples include crossword puzzles, anagrams, word jumble, scrabble, boggle, memory game, dictionary game...

Some Vocabulary Tools/Websites:

- Dictionary.com's Word-of-the-Day
- English-Word Information
- Get The Words
- Vocabulary.com: Free Word Puzzles and Activities
- Vocab Vitamins: MyWordaDay, Grammar, Vocabulary Supplements
- WordPlays.com: Word Games

Don't memorize
Take notes and create a words list
- Words list are an excellent way of learning new words and growing your vocabulary, especially in the early stages of acquiring a foreign language. Use a filing cabinet to create a words list organized alphabetically, so you can add as much sheets as you want;

- Always keep a notepad handy and make a point of recording the words you want to learn. For example, you are at work and listen to someone saying a different word that you don't know, so take notes and find out the meaning when you get home. Include the new word in your words list;

- When you have time always take a look at your words list. This process is very important for the reactivation and recall of previously learned words. The more you activate a word, the stronger its imprint will be on your brain and the longer it will take you to forget it;

- Use "word of the day" websites.

A mnemonic is defined as a device (real or imaginary) that assists someone in remembering something. Mnemonics can come in many shapes and sizes, such as visual, auditory, spatial, or emotional triggers.

Keyword method:
1. Pick a native language word that sounds like or is spelled similarly to the foreign language word they want to learn.
2. Select an image that semantically links the keyword to the actual meaning of the foreign language word.

An American is trying to memorize the word Pai in Portuguese. Pie (English) is pronounced like Pai (Portuguese); a person could imagine his/her father eating a large piece of pie in order to help her/him memorize the meaning (and pronunciation) of the Portuguese word pai.

The focus is on YOU!
Let's practice!
Say the words you learned at the beginning of this class (including their meanings).
Don't you remember all of them?! So, memorization only doesn't work!
Now try to learn the word BALD making the following association:
Bald = careca. A careca de uma pessoa nos faz lembrar uma bola, que se diz “ball”. Ball é uma palavra que faz parte do seu vocabulário e fácil de lembrar. Agora lembre-se sempre dessa associação para não esquecer mais como se fala careca.
That's it!

- GAME: Memorize it!
Try to memorize the words below:

Bald = careca
Liver = fígado
Masterpiece = obra prima
Realize = perceber
Pretend = fingir
Dig = cavar

- If the word doesn't make sense to you, you won't remember it;
- Learn words in contexts and grouped.
For example: Make a cake.
a birthday cake, a carrot cake, a chocolate cake.
- Don't translate! Try to understand the meaning of the word;
- There are a lot of words in English and Portuguese with similar spellings which meanings are the same (cognate words). Start learning them to expand your vocabulary.

Learn words that make sense
Prefixes and suffixes

- PREFIXES and SUFFIXES create new words, usually by modifying or changing the meaning of a ROOT WORD.

- A prefix is a word part added to the beginning of a root word.

DIS/IN/IM/IR/UN/IL/MIS are used to give an opposite/negative meaning to a word.

For example:
in + complete =
dis + agree =

- A suffix is a word part added to the end of a root word. Suffixes can be used to form a verb,  a noun, an adjective and an adverb.

For example:
dark (adjective) + ness = darkness (noun) 
strength (noun) + en = strengthen (verb) 
probable (adjective) + (l)y = probably (adverb)
glory (noun) + ous = glorious (adjective)

Flash cards
If you can't remember a word make a flashcard (use images) with it. Put the flashcard somewhere you can see, for example on the wall of your bedroom. You will be exposed to this word everyday and without realizing, you will learn it and won't forget it anymore.
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