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214.8 Chapter 8 - Mental Disorders

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Victoria Mowat

on 30 November 2016

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Transcript of 214.8 Chapter 8 - Mental Disorders

214.8 Chapter 8 - Mental Disorders
2. The Costs of Mental Illness
Objectivist:
Lost productivity
Premature deaths
Absent from work/unemployed
Untreated > criminal/violence
3. Controlling Mental Disorder
Application & Conclusion
1. Who Has Mental Disorders?
2. The Costs of Mental Illness
3. Controlling Mental Disorder
4. The Deviance Dance
1. Who Has Mental Disorders?
Introduction
1. Who Has Mental Disorders?
2. The Costs of Mental Illness
3. Controlling Mental Disorders
4. The Deviance Dance
Chapter 8 Terms:
mental disorder p. 222 - social causation hypothesis p. 224 - social selection hypothesis p. 224 - self-stigma p. 228 - deinstitutionalization p. 231 - least restrictive alternative p. 232 - disease paradigm p. 236 - discrimination paradigm p. 236 - schema p. 243
4. The Deviance Dance
Up Next: Chapter 9 - What Do You Believe? Religion, Science, and Deviance
But first, track your learning...
Mental disorder defined
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) V
Social causation hypothesis
Social selection hypothesis
Subjectivist:
Proceed with caution
Stigmatization & Perceptions
Medicalization
Media as a source of education
Influencing social perceptions
Attitudes in medical community
Self-stigma
Affects policy development:
Discrimination paradigm
Disease paradigm
Youtube: "Up/Down" Bipolar Disorder Documentary FULL MOVIE (2011)
The History of the Social Control of Mental Illness
Demonic possession
Religious > scientific
Prisons > madhouses > asylums > mental hospitals/psychiatric institutions
Treatments: none > barbaric
Deinstitutionalization
Treating Mental Illness Today
Range of options
Medical and psychosocial support
Hospitalization only in extreme cases
Involuntary as 'least restrictive alternative'
howtofascinate.com
The Legacy of Deinstitutionalization
Resisting Stigmatization
Youtube: We Need to Talk about Depression: Darryl Neher
Resisting Inadequate & Insufficient Care
Resisting Medicalization
Youtube: Dr. Allen Frances on the Risks of DSM-5 - The Lens Report
Criticizing the DSM
Being Sane in Insane Places: Criticizing Mental Health Professionals
Youtube: Rosenhan's Experiment
Rosenhan (1973): On the experiment
Schizophrenia diagnoses
Results: sanity was not detected
Schema = a mental framework
Changes to legislation and exposure
The Role of Social Factors in Diagnosis & Treatment
Youtube: Insane Asylum in Mexico
Sex differences in treatment
Resistance to medicalization:
Szacz (1994)
Mental illness as a false label
Youtube: Thomas Szasz Part 1
Youtube: Thomas Szasz Part 2
http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/diagnosis.html
http://www.dsm5.org/Pages/Default.aspx
Key assumption = families
Funding?
Housing?
"Layers to the social typing process"
Costs: suicide, accidents, untreated illnesses, less hospital spaces
May point to a new era: reinstitutionalization
http://www.esdc.gc.ca/eng/communities/homelessness/housing_first/index.shtml
Aim to change the social typing process
From the discrimination paradigm
Look at the effects of stigmatizaton on individuals
Anti-discrimination policies (gov't)
http://camimh.ca/mental-illness-awareness-week-english/about-miaw/
http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/
Also aiming to change the social typing process and focus government resources toward mental health issues:
Is it working?
Inclusion of particular disorders
Controversy over ADHD
Problems caused by social forces are diagnosed as mental illnesses?
Political power of DSM
Theoretical Implications:
Goffman's (1961) total institutions
Importance of labelling theory
OR
http://www.cbc.ca/fifth/episodes/2013-2014/the-man-who-hears-voices
Full transcript