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Maranaos Culture, Customs And Traditions
Transcript of Maranaos Culture, Customs And Traditions
government and social organizations
Maranaos Culture, Customs And Traditions
1) The term Lanao is derived from the Maranao word “Ranao” meaning a body of water.
2) “Maranao” means Lake Dweller.
3) They are natives from the land around lake Lanao at the central part of Lanao del Sur.
4) They are a tribe of Malay.
5) One of the three native indigenous muslim groups in Mindanao. (Others: Illanun and Maguindanao).
6) They are approximately 950,000. 90% are in Lanao del Sur while the remaining 10% are in Lanao del Sur though a few of them where in Zamboanga del Sur and Cotabato.
7) Torogan is the traditional residence of the reigning Sultan of the Maranao people and his family. The symbol of a high status family(most are 100 yrs old). It is where the community traditionally gathers for wedding, thanksgiving, rites, enthronements and vigils for the dead. It is a masterpiece due to their unique designs called okir or okkil. Okir is a geometric and flowing design based on an elaborate leaf and vine system. The best known torogans can be found at Dayawan, Marawi City and a few are around in maranao lake.
8) Their language is Maranao and Chabacano
9) Maranao alphabet (dictionary letters, not standardized): A B D AE E G H I K L M N NG O P R S T W Y. AE represents the pepet
Educational center of Maranao - Marawi (formerly Dansalan) the capital of Lanao Del Sur.
The Philippines has a high rate of literacy for a developing country, and this has led to a huge increase in literacy among the Maranao people as well. The Maranao are no longer plagued with rampant illiteracy over 75 years ago. Degree holders are now numerous that many cannot obtain employment appropriate for their education. Many of the highly educated Maranao must resort to the traditional occupations of agriculture and craftsmanship. The shortage of jobs in the Lanao provinces has led the migration of the Maranaos to Manila.
The Maranao tribe never established a single state but they are divided into many groups called “sultanates” which were in continual warfare with each other. They are primarily and inland group and are isolated from coastal people. They have never been conquered by the Spaniards, and only the Americans were able to suppress them. They have been with the same kind of government for over 1300 years. Maranao villages are made up of a few main households: several families may live under one roof in a food-sharing relationship. The Sultan today does not have any more power in the government but he still keeps the title.
Housing. In the traditional community, the torogan used to be the biggest house. It has the biggest hall as well, for the torogan was the logical place for community gatherings of all sorts (i.e., communal festivity or court proceedings). It was also the guesthouse for strangers. Its walls and floors were made of huge slabs of lumber and the posts were whole tree trunks set on flat rocks and often carved into certain shapes (e.g., a series of pot-like forms).
The components of the edifice were assembled by skillful dovetailing of parts and securing them with wooden pegs without the use of nails. The façade and sometimes the sides or the four corners of the building were appropriately decorated with huge prow-like structures ( panolong ), a single slab of wood beautifully carved on both sides with the floral or dragon ( niaga ) design. In between the panolong, the wall was decorated with a vertical floral motif depicting vines, symbolic of a long life.
In contrast, the ordinary Maranaw's house ( lawig ) of today is made of light materials, the most common of which are bamboo slat, woven ( e.g. criss-crossed ) or flattened.
The most prominent traditional wear is the malong, a large, colorful woven cloth wrapped around the body. One common way women wear it is around the waist with its folds draped over the left arm. Men wrap it around the waist like a skirt.
The malong has many uses depending on the need of the wearer. It can be used as a cape, coat, blanket or umbrella. Maranao or Maguindanao women wear the malong over a blouse called arbita. Also, they wear a turban called kombong made of muslin fabric. White is used as kombong when the wearer has been to Mecca.
In Sulu, patadyong is the people’s version of malong. It is smaller and resembles a sarong worn by people in Indonesia and Malaysia. Sawal or kantyu is loose baggy pants made of soft cloth and worn by both men and women. Men wear the sawal with a polo shirt, while women wear it with a sambra, a collarless, V-neck blouse with short sleeves. Women also wear it with a sablay, a long-sleeved blouse that reaches the hips.
Tausug women also wear a biyatawi which is a blouse with a tight-fitting bodice that flares at the waist. It has a deep neckline that usually goes with a pendant. A dressy biyatawi has gold buttons on the sleeves, neckline and the front opening.
The men’s traditional headwear is called tobao by the Maguindanao and Maranao. In Tausug, it is called ppis. This headwear is a cloth with geometric or floral designs or Arabic calligraphy. Another common headgear is called kopiya, which is similar to the songkok used in Indonesia and Malaysia. Men who have gone to Mecca wear a white cap called kadi.