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America's Champion Swimmer: Gertrude Ederle
Transcript of America's Champion Swimmer: Gertrude Ederle
to swim the English Channel. to do something in special honor
of a special person or day celebrate continued kept up;
kept on going current a flow or stream
of water drowned to die or cause to die under water
or other liquid because of lack of air to breathe pieces of metal, like coins,
that are given as prizes or rewards medals stirred mixed something by moving
it around with a spoon or stick strokes single, complete movements
made over and over again More Words to Know attempted tried courageous fearless, brave with your mind made up determined Build Concepts Being
First Equipment Motions Descriptions/
Emotions In 1932, two-year-old Neil Armstrong watched airplanes race.
Small, brightly colored planes flashed over Neil and his father, Stephen. The
planes raced around a triangle-shaped course, their propellers tearing the sky
with a sound that was like an endless thunderclap.
The spectacle surely left its mark on young Neil. Four years later, he leaped at
the chance to ride in an airplane.
It wasn't on a racing plane but a three-motored passenger plane nicknamed the
Tin Goose. The plane offered rides at the town airport. It could carry about a
Neil and his father climbed aboard and buckled themselves into wicker seats.
The engines sputtered to life with a terrific noise. The airplane raced down the
runway and slowly lifted into the sky.
As the ground dropped farther and farther below them, people, houses, cars,
everything looked smaller. The Tin Goose plowed through the clouds as gusts of
wind bounced it up and down.
The noisy, bumpy ride and ever-tilting view worried Stephen Armstrong.
But Neil was fearless.
Neil was delighted.
Neil started making ten-cent airplane models and reading flying magazines.
He also started having a magical dream. In it, he held his breath and hovered
above the ground. Below him, people, houses, cars, everything looked smaller.
On clear nights, Neil climbed to the roof of his neighbor Jacob Zint's garage.
Mr. Zint had a homemade telescope mounted there and welcomed visitors to
spy the moon and stars.
Neil looked and looked and looked.
Neil Armstrong earned his student pilot's license on his sixteenth birthday. He
was too young to have an automobile driver's license.
In time, Neil Armstrong, student pilot, became Neil Armstrong, navy fighter pilot in the Korean War. Then he was Neil Armstrong, test pilot, flying rocketpowered airplanes to the upper edges of the sky. Eventually he became Neil Armstrong, astronaut.
Astronauts are special pilots who fly spacecraft around Earth. When Neil
became an astronaut there was a plan to land people on the moon and
then return them safely to Earth. The moon had gripped people's
imagination for thousands of years. On July 16, 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Mike Collins sat
in a cramped capsule atop a Saturn rocket.
At 9:32 A.M. the main rocket motors erupted. Flames spewed from the Saturn's
tail as it lifted from the ground. Soon the first set of engines exhausted their fuel
and fell toward the ocean. Smaller engines sprang to life and sent the capsule
circling the globe. After two turns around Earth, a final rocket engine blasted the
capsule to 25,000 miles an hour and they hurtled to the moon.
When they reached the moon, Neil and Buzz entered a special spacecraft
designed to part from the main capsule and land on the moon. Mike remained
aboard the main capsule to pilot it as the other two astronauts dropped to the
Earthlings Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin had finally reached the moon!
Wearing space suits and helmets, they opened the hatch of the spacecraft.
Before them was the moon, magnificent and empty. Neil climbed down a ladder
and hopped to the ground. Special cameras allowed 600 million people on
Earth to watch and listen.
"That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind," Neil said into
Buzz climbed down the ladder and stepped onto the moon's surface.
Neil stood next to Buzz. Their helmets almost touched. Buzz grinned broadly.
Neil clasped his hand on his partner's shoulder.
"Isn't it fun!" Neil said.
On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped on the moon and became a hero
to millions of people.
But inside him was the memory of an ordinary boy from Wapakoneta, Ohio.
A boy who loved books and music.
A boy who was shy and who made friends carefully.
A boy who dreamed of hanging in the air suspended only by a trapped breath. By Don Brown magnificent something wonderful;
grand; splendid propellers metal blades that turn rapidly on a shaft,
making boats and aircraft move suspended hanging magnificent propellers suspended Comprehension Skill Fact and Opinion A statement of fact tells something that
can be proved true or false. You can
prove it by reading or asking an expert. A statement of opinion tells someone’s
ideas or feelings. Words that tell
feelings, such as "should" or "best", are
clues to opinions Lots of flowers bloom in spring and summer. Tulips are the prettiest flowers. Fact Opinion How to Prove Clue Words Look at a seed catalogue. prettiest Comprehension Strategy Monitor and Fix Up Sometimes you may be confused by
facts that you do not understand. Asking an expert whether a statement
of fact is true might help. You can also use a good reference book,
such as an encyclopedia. Phonics suffixes teacher What is the base word? What is the suffix? The suffix "-er" means someone or something
who does the thing described by the baseword. visitor typist hostess The suffix "-ess" means
a woman who does something. Grammar contractions It didn't matter to Trudy
what people said or wrote. "didn't" is a contraction of the
words "did" and "not" ARMT Practice What kind of person
was Gertrude Ederle? Use details from the story
to support your answer. Write your answer in the
answer document. Review http://quizlet.com/_2fhq5 The End Luke Bergeson
University Place Elem
follow us @mrbsclass1