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Transcript of The Innu
Food : Before
The Innu are one of the many first nation groups. They were very good at living off the land, and have a rich culture and long history. The European settlers had a big impact on the Innu way of life. In this Prezi you will learn the Innu way of life and how the Europeans affected it.
After the Innu met the Europeans they had to rely on government subsidies. They had to do this because the Europeans cut down the trees, made dams, thined out the caribou population, and took over a lot of the land the Innu used fo hunting.
Before the Europeans, women wore long dresses with removable sleeves. The men wore breechclout and leggings. They also wore moccasin boots and long coats made of white leather. Both men and women wore their hair long.
Before the Innu met the Europeans they ate moose, caribou, bears, berries, wild plants, fish, rabbits, and other small animals.
Although they didn't really change the style of their clothes they still were affected. Since the Europeans thined out the caribou populaton the Innu didn't get to use the caribou as much as they needed.
After they met the Europeans they had to rely more on government subsidies. They had to because the Europeans decreased the caribou population.
Spiritual Beliefs/ Ceremonies: Before
The Innu believed in animal spirits. They plced bones in trees as an offering. After a hunt they would have a ceremonial feast called "Makushan". During the ceremony they sang songs to the animal spirits.
Spiritual Beliefs: After
Europeans introduced the Innu to Christianity. The Innu decided to keep their beliefs in shamon, omens, ghosts, and other spirits.
Village Organization/ Government: Before
Several families each live in the group. They all travel together. Sometimes in mid winter the whole group moved into a shared dwelling. At certain times different tribes would meet to trade.
Village Organization/ Government: After
The Innu fought for their rights. They organized to negotiate land claims, education, health care, and all other social serves.
Transportation/ Technology: Before
For transportation the Innu were well known for their birchbark canoes. Over land the Innu would use snowshoes and sleds. They used stone tools and wooden utensil.
Transportation/ Technology: After
Some Innu followed the advice from the Europeans and gave up hunting to focus on trapping. They died of starvation. Their transportation didn't change.
They developed trade networks between other aboriginal groups. They traded tools and fur.
After they traded fur and metal with the Europeans.
Family Roles: Before
The children played but, mostly helped do chores around the house. The men were the providers. The men hunted, traped, and fished. They also trained their sons how to hunt. The women were the nurturers of the family. They sowed, looked after the children, and managed the house hold. Women also snared small animals and prepared the meat.
Family Roles: After
The family roles didn't change as much for the women as it did for the men and children. The children were forced to go to school leaving their traditional ways behind. The men were unable to hunt as much as they used to.
The Innu were very artistic. They were known for their hide painting and beautiful clothing. With red ochre and black paint men and women decorated their clothing and personal items.
It was harder to find the resources they needed, so they couldn't produce as much art as they used to.
Geographic Location: Before
They lived in eastern Quebec and Labrador. The Innu are nomadic hunters. They lived in the interior and came to the coast in the summer.
Geographic Location: After
In the 18th century the Europeans convinced the Innu to visit more often. It eventually lead to permanent settlements.
As a result of European influence the Innu way of life changed dramatically. The Innu gave up their nomadic hunter lifestyle to settle into villages. They were introduced to European religion and culture. Instead of living off the land they depended on government support. Like many first nations European influence lead to the loss of a way of life that sustained the Innu people for generations.
Before they lived in large wigwams made out of wood frames they covered with birchbark and caribou hides.