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Architecture: A brief history

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Mariah Ordonez

on 12 May 2015

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Transcript of Architecture: A brief history

Architecture refers to a man-made building or structure.

Three major categories of art:
1. Architecture
2. Sculpture
3. Painting/Drawing
The Middle Ages: 3 styles
1. Byzantine: Central Dome Church
2. Romanesque: Barrel-Vaulted Church
3. Gothic: Pointed Arch Cathedral
What is architecture?
Mesopotamia: The first urban planners
3500 BCE
Sumerians mastered irrigation and flood control!
The Mesopotamians built temples and complex cities using sun-dried bricks.
The 270 foot tower of Babel was constructed.

Ancient Egypt
- The Great Pyramid of Cheops at Giza is the largest stone structure in the world!
- It was built around 2600 BCE using limestone
- 2, 300, 000 limestone blocks were used
to build the pyramid, each weighing
2.5 tons!
The Legacy of Rome
Roman architects built off of Greek ideas. The invention of concrete allowed for new designs!
Architecture: Ancient to Renaissance
Early humans created huge stone circles as early as 5000 BCE.
Ancient Greece
-480-430 BCE
-Greek culture influenced architecture for a long time.
-Structures were built following strict rules of symmetry and proportion.
Post and Lintel
Barrel Vault
Groin Vault
Opened in 80 CE the Roman
Colosseum could hold 50,000
spectators. It inspired present
day stadium design!
Hagia Sophia
Constantinople, Turkey
St. Sernin
Begun 1080
Toulouse, France
Chartres, France
Renaissance: The four R's
1. Rome: They measured Roman ruins to copy their style and proportion.
2 Rules: Architects followed aesthetic rules, like the art principles.
3. Reason: Designs were grounded in science, math, and engineering.
4. 'Rithmetic: A ratio of 2:1 was used to keep proportion and geometric shapes defined layouts.
Bramante, Tempietto
Your Mission:
1. Working alone or with a partner, select one of the buildings you learned about today.
2. Research important details about the
structure and create a blue-print (a detailed line-drawing).
3. Then, using the provided materials,
create a miniature version.
Information on this Prezi came from:

The Annotated Mona Lisa: A Crash Course in Art History from Prehistoric to Post-Modern
by Carol Strickland, Ph.D.
Do Now - 5.11.15 - Please write a response to the question below in the 'notes/sketch' section of your sketchbook.
What is one of the most beautiful, interesting, or awe-inspiring buildings you have ever seen? Sketch a picture or list as many details as you can think of.
Learning Targets
Essential Question:
What architectural trends occur across history?
I can observe, analyze, and discuss historic architecture.
1. Do Now
2. Guided Notes
3. Analysis Questions
4. Project Planning
Please complete the reflection/analysis questions at the bottom of your guided notes at this time. Be sure to click 'Turn-in' when you are finished!
Full transcript