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Irony In Macbeth
Transcript of Irony In Macbeth
Connop Thirlwall developed concept of dramatic irony as it heightened the suspenseful atmosphere of a novel or play y r t In Act 1, Scene 6, Duncan says, “This castle hath a pleasant seat” In Act 2, Scene 3, Macduff says, "Oh, gentle lady, 'Tis not for you to hear what i can speak. The repetition in a woman's ear, Would murder as it fell." In Act 5, Scene 1, Lady Macbeth is sleep walking and constantly makes actions of her washing her hands. Irony What does it mean? in i-ro-ny : Types of Irony: Verbal Situational Dramatic Irony Irony Irony use of words to convey opposite of their literal meaning; when the statement/situation is contradicted by the words used to describe them First record of it was in ancient Greece
The word "irony" comes from the Greek word | eirneía | meaning 'dissembling'
Ever since, irony in its many forms has been used regularly Dramatic irony = irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play Purpose
-Sometimes brings humor so audience is drawn in -Keeps the audience in suspense Effect - lead up to tragic so the reader understands where the character went wrong, even if the character doesn't Verbal Irony = a figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant - The statement takes on a double meaning Purpose Effect Sarcasm? What's the difference.. increase the amount of emotions in the literature adds comic relief to often lighten up the mood succeeding its purpose; often does lighten the mood of the story used in sarcasm sarcasm is a form of verbal irony sarcasm is the use of irony with the added intention to mock or ridicule Verbal Irony - someone saying "It's such lovely weather outside!" when it's actually raining heavily EXAMPLES! Sarcasm - Someone saying "Your intelligence astounds me!" when they actually mean the exact opposite, i.e. that the person is stupid Situational irony = the situation or result is different from what we thought Purpose Effect to keep readers engaged and make sure plot isn't predictable
adds suspense but in a different manner than dramatic irony would keeps the reader/viewer wanting to read/watch more to find out what happens next
sometimes effect of situational irony is humorous; other times is tragic - almost always shocking Macbeth is unaware that the king has given him this honor already
Macbeth thinks this happens because of the witches’ prophecy
the audience knows Duncan made the announcement in Act 1, Scene 3 Duncan feels secure and welcome at the castle
However, the audience knows he might be murdered that night
Also he calls the castle he will get murdered in “a pleasant seat” Macduff thinks Lady Macbeth is the stereotypical gentle lady
the audience knows she is the driving force behind the murder Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth that washing his hands will remove guilt + purify him
She is now going back on her word trying to cleanse herself of the guilt she feels by scrubbing her hands