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Transcript of SS8CG6
b. Describe the rights of juveniles when taken into custody.
c. Describe the juvenile justice system, emphasizing the different jurisdictions, terminology, and steps in the juvenile justice process.
d. Explain the seven delinquent behaviors that can subject juvenile offenders to the adult criminal process, how the decision to transfer to adult court is made, and the possible consequences. are Crimes for ANYONE ONLY a crime if JUVENILE theft
shoplifting Crimes based only on someone's status:
location (ex: school zone)
others? Status Offences Drinking Alcohol
Driving a car
Curfew UNRULY Behavior: not listening to parent/adult
runaway from home Consequences: Felonies defined as: Crimes for which the punishment exceeds 1 year in jail and/or a $1,000 fine All felonies are delinquent behavior! defined as: crimes for which the punishment is no more than 1 year in jail and/or less than a $1000 fine Misdemeanors Status Offences/Unruly Acts runaway child
underage sex Some unruly acts can be FELONIES! Delinquent Acts we just call any crime (that's not a status offence) committed by a juvenile a Delinquent act. STATUS OFFENCE SS8CG6a Explain the difference between delinquent behavior and unruly behavior and the consequences of each Transfer of child from Juvenile Court to Superior Court for prosecution.
The law is very specific regarding the transfer for prosecution of a child to Superior Court by the Juvenile Court. There is an age limitation for transfer – 15 years of age at the time of the delinquent offense. It should be noted that a child 13 to 17 years of age may be prosecuted in Superior Court without the need for transfer by the Juvenile Court for the following offenses: murder, voluntary manslaughter, rape, aggravated sodomy, aggravated child molestation, aggravated sexual battery, and armed robbery, if committed with a firearm. Additionally, a child who is 13 or 14 and has committed aggravated battery resulting in serious bodily injury to a victim, may be prosecuted in Superior Court upon transfer from the Juvenile Court.
(See O.C.G.A. 15-11-30.2 and 15-11-30.3) Statewide, Georgia's Curfew for children under the age of 17 is 12am-5am