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The Habsburg Empire (WITHOUT answers)

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Elisabetta Paoli

on 2 December 2015

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Transcript of The Habsburg Empire (WITHOUT answers)

Revolutions in the Habsburg Empire
The Revolutions of 1848
The Causes
- Population growth and bad ................

- Urban problems and ............
- Nationalism (Italians, Czechs, ...................)

-Liberalism (middle-class requests for civil rights and new .......................)
The Fall of Metternich
- 12th March students asked for reforms to Austrian ........
- 3rd March - Hungary asked for ..............................
- Emperor Ferdinand weak , chancellor ................ forced to resign
- 15th March Emperor promised new ............................
The April Laws
- Hungarians demanded self-
government under the .........
- The demands were ratified
and known as "........................."
- April Laws = .......................

revolution but
- Non Magyar population of Hungary resented ............ domination
- Croats, Serbs, Slovaks, Romanians asked for ................
The 2nd Viennese
revolution

- The promised constitution was .............
and crowd gathered outside .................
- A new constitution with ....... ............ ........

was promised
- Riotous celebrations followed = Ferdinand and court fled to ............
- Middle class liberals = loyal to ................
- Radicals and workers demanded social improvements and a .....................
ITALY
- Metternich's fall = uprisings in ...............
and ...................

- On .................. protestors presented petition in Milan

- ........... days of street battles in Milan = .............. withdrew troops from city

- Rising of artisans and fisherman in ............. spread to middle classes = ......... ............


- King Charles Albert of ............ marched into Lombardy and Radetzky ...............................


THE TURNING POINT
PRAGUE
- March 1848 Czechs demanded ........... reforms

- ........... 1848 Slav congress in Prague - reinforced Slav ............. ( Czechs, Poles, SlovaKs, Serbs). No agreement.

- On ......................, riots in Prague for
5
days. Uprising severely subdued

- Closure of Slav

.........................
ITALY
- On ...... Radetzky defeated Charles Albert
at ...........
- Austrians re-established control over ........
- Venice was ................

The October days in Vienna
- Workers protests in June and August were suppressed by the Middle Class ......................
-The real power was not with parliament but with the .........

- In September 1848 ................ invaded Hungary

- The Emperor abolished the .......... and dissolved the Hungarian ..............

- 6th Oct workers and students tried to stop soldiers from being sent to ................... - revolts broke out

The revolt was brutally ............... by the end of October
The End of the Revolution
- In ................... Emperor Ferdinand abdicated
in favour of his nephew .............................., who
believed in .................... ................................
- In March 1849 ..................of Piedmont was defeated again at ......................
- In April 1849 Hungary deposed the .................dynasty and declared itself totally ............................
- With the help of Russia, the Austrian army finally defeated the Magyars in ......................

- Venice capitulated also in ............................

army
revolutionaries not ....... (middle class/workers)
tension btwn different types of .......................
................ not interested in revolutions .' . little mass support
In Italy only ............. supported Lombardy, Pius IX condemned ......................... rising
News of the defeat of French radicals during June Days gave the ................ army the confidence to crush the .................. rising.
Reasons for the defeat of the revolution
Full transcript