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History of Photography and Contemporary Photographers

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Jazmen Marquez

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of History of Photography and Contemporary Photographers

History of Photography and Contemporary Photographers
History of Camera Obscura

Development of Color Photography
Gordon Parks
Forensic Photography
Significant Moments Captured in History
PhotoTherapy
Gordon Parks's Photography
Manuel Álvarez Bravo
Bravo's Photography
Henri Cartier-Bresson
Cartier-Bresson's Photography
Quiz Time!
Tartan Ribbon
Process
• First permanent color photograph was taken in 1861 by a physicist name James Clerk Maxwell. He used a method called the ‘color separation.’

• Maxwell shoots three separate black and white photos using 3 different filters: green, red, and blue. He projected the three images that were, “…registered with their corresponding filters overlapping them to create a color image.”
*the photo is the well-known tartan ribbon photo, the first permanent color photograph.

Roll film
Agitate film with developer at 100 degrees Fahrenheit for 3 minutes and 20 seconds
After getting rid of the developer in the canister, pour in the blix solution. Tap the top of the canister to get rid of air bubbles and leave it for 6 1/2 minutes.
Pour out blix solution and wash the film with water for 3 1/2 minutes
Pour out water and pour in the stabilizer. Leave it in the canister for 1 1/2 minutes.
Pour out the stabilizer and wash the film with water for 10 minutes to rid of all chemicals.
• Personal photographs can serve as a way to access, explore, and communicate about a patient’s feelings and memories, including deeply-buried and long-forgotten memories.

• Under the guidance of a therapist, who has been trained in PhotoTherapy techniques, the patient explores the meaning of their own personal snapshots and photo albums and focuses on what meaning they have emotionally.

• During the PhotoTherapy sessions, the photos are re-created, talked about, and collected. This will allow the patient to further understand and express a part of themselves in ways that were not possible.

• PhotoTherapy is not highly suggested for clients with severe mental illnesses.

• One of the founders of modern photography
• Considered one of the main representatives of Latin American photography in the 20th century
• Born in downtown Mexico City on February 4, 1902
• Dropped out of school at the age of 12 to work due to his father’s death
• He first worked at a textile factory and later at the National General Treasury
• Grandfather and father were amateur photographers
• Self-taught photographer
• Highly influenced by his study of painting at the Academy of San Carlos
• Tina Modotti, who was deported from Mexico, left Bravo her job at the magazine Mexican Folkways
• Worked with famous artists such as Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros
• During his lifetime he has held over 150 individual exhibitions and participated in over 200 collective exhibitions.

Processes of Color Photography
Color Negative Film
Striking Worker, Assassinated (1934)
This was one of many photos from Bravo that pictured the deaths and violence he experienced as a child during the Mexican Revolution.
Figure of Christ (1930)
The sculpture of Jesus Christ shows how Mexico was forced into Christianity during the 1500s. This picture portrays the complicated history of Mexico converting into Christianity.
Ruin (B), 1930
This picture of a horse missing it's front legs missing shows more of a prehistoric time period instead of modern. This image depicts of the death and decay of Mexico after the Spanish conquered it. This image of a dead horse symbolizes the victory over Spain.
The Spirit of the People, 1927
The small mound of flowers and candles depicts the Mexican culture of respecting the dead: A cultural tradition to Dia de los muertos.
The Threshing, 1930
The picture of a man leading two horses shows how Mexico has evolved during the Spanish conquest. A horse, who used to be foreign to Mexico, was brought by the Spanish.
Forensic Photography, which is also known as crime scene photography, is the art of producing an accurate reproduction of a crime scene or an accident scene using photography for the benefit of a court or to aid in an investigation.
Breaking and Entering
Taken in Late 1930's; This picture shows the exterior of the Camellia Grove Hotel (now the Sports Bar), Henderson Road, Alexandria which is the hotel office, photographed following an attempt to crack the safe.
Murder/Suicide Crime Scene
May 2, 1944; Dining room with blood spatters and signs of struggle, scene of shooting murder of Alice Isabella Anderson by Maurice Reuben John Anderson, and the subsequent suicide of the latter.
Murder Crime Scene

Captured by Dorothea Lange (1895-1965); The pictures she took made the nation aware of their plight and earned her the title of "humanitarian with a camera". One of the most powerful and outstanding pictures of the Depression- era. Showed the strength of women despite difficult circumstances.
"Migrant Mother"
William Henry Jackson (1843-1942) captured this photo in 1875 of a beautiful lake which is now Wyoming's Grand Teton National Park and was named, Jackson Lake in his honor. He strove to provide Americans with photos the wonders of the West.
Jackson Lake
Raising the Flag at Iwo Jima
Everyone is familiar with Joe Rosenthal’s photograph Raising the Flag On Iwo Jima. The iconic image of the US Marines struggling together to raise
the US flag atop Mount Suribachi. It came to be regarded in the United States as one of the most significant and recognizable images of the WW2.
Gordon Parks was one of the seminal figures of twentieth century photography. A humanitarian with a deep commitment to social justice, he left behind a body of work that documents many of the most important aspects of American culture from the early 1940s up until his death in 2006, with a focus on race relations, poverty, Civil Rights, and urban life. In addition, Parks was also a celebrated composer, author, and filmmaker.
Photography started with a camera and the basic idea of a camera obscura has been around since about the 5th Century B.C.

An artist in the 18th century using a camera obscura to trace an image
Born on August 22, 1908 in Chanteloup, France
Studied painting for two years in 1927 under Cubist André Lhote. He later moved to Cambridge University to further study arts and literature
Traveled to Africa in 1931. He started off hunting but grew tired of it. With a Brownie that he received as a gift, he began taking photos in Africa.
By the mid 1930s his photographs were shown in exhibits in Mexico, Madrid, and New York.
By 1935 he stopped taking photography and began filming. His most critically acclaimed film was La Règle Du Jeu (1939).
In 1940 when the Germans invaded France, he joined the army but was caught by German forces where he was sent to prison-of-war camp for the next 3 years.
After many attempts of escaping, he succeeded in 1943. He returned to film and photography and was commissioned by the United States to create a documentary about the return of French prisoners.
In 2003 he created the Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson in Paris in an effort to preserve his work.
Passed away on August 3, 2004
This is a brownie Camera
Taken on December of 1948 in Beijing, China. The sign says,"I am called Sun. My husband died of illness. We are strangers in this town. We have no means of existence. I am obliged to ask charity of those who have kind hearts".
Taken on December of 1948 in Beijing, China, 10,000 shopkeepers and small businessmen receiving their orders in the courtyard at the Imperial Palace. The city was also surrounded by communist troops.
FRANCE. Paris. Place de l'Europe. Gare Saint Lazare. 1932
July 4, 1947 in Massachusetts. The woman's flagpole over her door was broken but it did not stop her from celebrating Independence Day stating, "...on such a day as this, one keeps one's flag on one's heart."
Taken at Madrid, Spain in 1933. Cartier-Bresson saw a fruit vender falling asleep against the wall and was surprised when he compared the man to the drawing on the wall.
1.Manuel Álvarez Bravo's father and grandfather were what?
2.André Lhote, who taught Henri Cartier-Bresson, was what ethnicity?
3.What was the name of the film that Henri Cartier-Bresson filmed that was 'critically acclaimed'?
4.What was the name of the first permanent colored photograph?
5. What does PhotoTherapy do?
6. Define Forensic Photography.
7. What are 2 positive effects of Forensic Photography?
8. Name one historic photograph that was presented.
9. What is the importance of capturing history in photographs?
10. What was one of the aspects of social justice Gordon Parks photography was focused on capturing?
It is important to capture historical moments in photographs because it reminds us of what we were feeling at that time. It is also a tangible part of history we can carry with us.Although we try to grasp the full meaning of the past, sometimes we can understand just a snapshot in history. Pictures help us do that. Pictures capture a single fleeting moment, which we hope will illustrate so much more.
A portable, but larger model of camera obscura
"A boy burdened with a family's cares."
"Sick and exhausted from week's care of the family, Flavio rests on Sunday when his mother is free to look after brothers and sisters. 'I am not afraid of death,' he explained earnestly to Parks. 'But what will they do after?'"

"American Gothic," considered to be Parks's signature image, was taken in Washington, D.C., in 1942, during the photographer's fellowship with the Farm Security Administration, a government agency set up by President Roosevelt to aid farmers in despair. "It's the first professional image I ever made," Parks says, "created on my first day in Washington."
Ethel Shariff in Chicago, May 31, 1963
Ethel Shariff was the leader of the women's corps of the Black Muslims, wife of the chief of the elite guard, and daughter of Elijah Muhammad, the spiritual leader of the Black Muslim movement.
Camera Obscura is a darkened box that projects an image from an external enviornment onto a screen inside rotated at a 180 degrees or upside down.

The first camera obscura was built by Alhazen( Ibn Al-Haytham).
Johannes Kepler
Mozi
Theon of Alexandria
Aristole
Giambattista della Porta
Convex Lense
Robert Hooke
Robert Boyle
Lizzie Andrew Borden (July 19, 1860 – June 1, 1927) was an American woman who was tried and acquitted in the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts elected to charge no one else with the murder of Andrew and Abby Borden; speculation about the crimes still continues more than 100 years later.
Charlie Mah-gow, Town's First Restaurant Owner, Yellowknife, Canada, 1945
Gordon Parks not only photographed poverty and extreme circumstances, but he also admired and photographed hard working people. People who wanted desperately to rise from their low status, but instead run the rat race created to keep certain members of society from ever being able to do better for themselves.
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