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Classifying the Colonies
Transcript of Classifying the Colonies
Jamestown, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Pennsylvania. Massachusetts Bay
Colony 1. First permanent North American colony. Jamestown, VA would become the first permanent North American colony. After the journey from Europe, 100 settlers landed in the colony. 2. Sent by the Virginia Company of London. The Virginia Company of London was sent by King James I to find settlement in the New World. The Virginia Company was a joint stock company, meaning it had multiple investors. It also guaranteed that overseas settlers had the same rights as those still in England. 3. Gold, God, and Glory The New World was very attractive to England because of possibility of finding gold, promoting god, and earning glory. Spain was already exploring West, and England was falling behind. 4. Located in the Chesapeake Region Jamestown was located in the Chesapeake region in between Virginia and Maryland. It was a very swampy region that was heavily invested with mosquitoes. 5. Primogeniture Because of the English law of Primogeniture, the oldest son of a family will inherit all of the family's money and land. Because of this, the younger members of the family were the ones that came to America. 6. John Smith In 1608, John Smith saved Jamestown from collapse. Smith organized the "gold hungry colonists". However, he was kidnapped by the Powhatan but Pocahontas saved him as an act of peace. 7. The Starving Time Even after Smith temporarily saved the colony, 1609-1610 was known as the "starving time" in Jamestown. Disease continued to kill many of the colonists. Soon only 1200 people remained. 8. Lord De La Warr Arrives Arriving in 1610, Lord De La Warr became the new governer of Jamestown. He declared war against the Indians and introduced "irish tactics". 9. Tobacco The tobacco industry in Jamestown would save the colony. John Rolfe perfected it and soon it was being exported to Europe. Tobacco was so popular that it was even grown in the streets of Jamestown. 10. House of Burgesses Representative government was born in Virginia with the establishment of the House of Burgesses. The House of Burgesses would be the first of many parliaments to be created. 1. Puritans 2. John Winthrop John Winthrop was the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Winthrop believed he was called to by God to lead the colonists. 3. Massachusetts Bay Company In 1639, the Puritans received a charter from the Massachusetts Bay Company. 4. Anne Hutchinson Anne Hutchinson challenged the Puritan church orthodoxy by saying she did not believe in predestination. She was banished from the colony and fled to Rhode Island. 5. Protestant Ethic The Puritans had high spiritual intensity. They had what was called "Protestant Ethic" which meant they had a serious commitment to work and also participated in "worldly pursuits" 6. A "Holy Society" The first settlers all shared a common goal. The Puritans in the Massachusetts Bay Colony believed they had an agreement with God to "be as a city upon a hill". The Quakers in the Bay Colony were persecuted. When Quakers disregarded the authority of Puritan leaders, many were fined or banished. 8. Roger Williams Roger Williams was the most threatening to Puritan leaders in the Bay Colony. Williams wanted the Puritans to break away from the Church of England. Government leaders eventually banished him. 9. Families Those who came to the Bay Colony were typically families. Unlike Jamestown. the Puritans came here in hopes to establish new lives. These families also heavily valued education. 10. Economy The economy in Massachusetts Bay Colony consisted of ship building, fishing, and small scale- family farms. The people in the Bay Colony experienced enjoyable climates and healthy living. In 1630, a group of non-Separatist Puritans formed the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 7. Quakers in Massachusetts 1. Religious Society of Friends More commonly known as Quakers, the Religious Society of Friends was a religious group that arose in England during the 1600s. They did not believe in predestination and refused to support the Church of England. This was the dominant religion in Pennsylvania. 2. Established 1681 In 1681, William Penn received a grant for fertile land from the king The king called the area Pennsylvania. 3. William Penn William Penn, a Quaker and athletic Englishman, sought to establish to find a safe place for his people. After a grant from the king, he established Pennsylvania. 4. Well Advertised Pennsylvania was the best advertised colony. William Penn sent out paid agents and pamphlets printed in a variety of languages. Because of his liberal land policy, many people were attracted to the land. 5. Treatment to Native Americans. The Quakers' treatment to Indians was very fair and kind. For some time, Pennsylvania seemed like a promise land for Native Americans. But when non-Quakers came, this kindness soon ended. 6. Slavery Because the majority of the colonists were Quaker, the society had a strong dislike for black slavery. The people of Pennsylvania made some progress towards reform. 7. A Liberal Society Pennsylvania had a liberal society in comparison to other colonies. Pennsylvania attracted many different ethnic groups, and it also allowed religious toleration. 8. Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin entered Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1720. He is known as being the most representative American of his era. It is said that Philadelphia came to life after Franklin's arrival. 9. Economy Pennsylvania was known as one of the "bread colonies" due to its large exports of grain. The colony's location next to a harbor provided opportunity for trade. 10. "The Holy Experiment" When William Penn established Pennsylvania, he called it the "Holy Experiment" because the colonists were experimenting with a new type of society. Rules in the society included a trial by jury, no slavery, and no violence. William Penn's Argument By Caroline Carter Penn's Arguments Student Arguments Argument 1 "their industry is worth more..." In William Penn's work, his first argument for colonization is that there are better opportunities for industry in North America. He states that the land is superior. He also makes note of the profitable crops such as tobacco and corn. Argument 2 "more being produced and exported..." Penn's second argument is that the colonists would greatly benefit by coming to North America for trade purposes. He says that exports will bring in money from England. Argument 3 "for themselves, their wives, and children..." Penn goes on to argue that if one comes to North America to colonize, they will establish a family and a life. America is the land of opportunity and only good things can come of settling in the colonies. Argument 4 "the plantations employ thousands of seamen..." Lastly, Penn argues that the plantations hold employment opportunities for all. From carpenters to "timber-fellers", there will be a vast amount of work for colonists. Argument 1 Although there are profitable crops, some of the crops are not sustainable for long term profiting. For example, tobacco is extremely damaging to soil and has a fluctuating price. Argument 2 While most colonies promote the fact that they have religious toleration, few colonies have kept the religious tolerance for long. In the Bay Colony, Quakers were persecuted and even banished from the land. Argument 3 Many colonies have experienced significant issues with the Native Americans. From King Philip's War to John Smith's almost death, the Natives have provided trouble for the colonists, and they slowed down the process of expanding westward. Argument 4 Life in the colonies will increase one's risk for disease. Malaria and unclean water have cause many colonists to die before the age of 20. Swampy regions will only increase a settler's risk, even though the land is quite suitable for farming. Bibliography http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/69/Location_of_jamestown_virginia.jpg/275px-Location_of_jamestown_virginia.jpg