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Transcript of Tartuffe
Italianate staging also dominated.
In France, by the end of the century, comedy had also reached it's peak, with Moliere being one of the most prominent authors. MOLIERE Moliere was born Jean-Baptiste Pouelin in 1622 in Paris. His father was a valet de chambre tappisier, which meant that as a child, Moliere had access to the king's court.
Moliere first dedicated his life to theater at 21 after falling in love with a red headed actress named Madeline Bejart.
He first performed for King Louis XIV in 1658.
He left behind 85 plays when he died in 1673. COSTUMES Costumes were contemporary
The Comedia Dell'arte style most times used a variety of a few stock characters Audience Experience ACTING STYLE - The actors worked to make the play not naturalistic and continued to remind the audience that they were seeing a performance and not real life.
- Some actors acted as the set. Dressed in all black, they'd appear as doors or walls.
- Women appeared in women's roles
- Gestures and mimes were exaggerated.
- There is constant action and movement from the characters to keep the scenes moving and pushing forward. Arlecchino (Harlequin) The Theatres Hotel de Bourgogne-the most famous and only permanent theatre between 1545 and 1629
Theatre du Marais-an old tennis court that was converted in 1634
Petit Bourbon-which was occasionally open to the public
Palace Royale- which was built by Cardinal Richelou at his own palace
Comedie Francaise-the first national theatre built in 1680 What Were They Like? There were capabilities for intricate effects.
There was a pit or parterre for standing spectators and an amphitheatere (sloped boxes) for the rich.
They were illuminated by candles.
There were no seats other than benches by the walls.
The galleries were only for the wealthy.
The auditorium could hold 1600.
Often popular recreational facilities were used because they had gallery boxes for the rich to sit in. In the 1630’s theatre became more popular and the middle and upper classes started attending regularly.
The crowds were unruly, they were allowed to sit on the stage and often distracted the actors. Brighella (Brawler) Pantalone Il Dottore (the Doctor) Il Capitano (the Captain) Pulcinella Scaramouche Columbina (Little Dove) Innamorati (Young Lovers) The drama of the seventeenth century in France was not particularly popular because it was catered to the royalty.
Henri III, Louis XIII, and Louis XIV pulled back the power of the nobility and made France's monarchy an absolute one.
With the help of Cardinal Richelieu, theater became a focus of the crown, and L'Hotel de Bourgogne became the first theater building in Paris. Audience Behavior