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1906 San Francisco Earthquake

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Ms Bennett

on 7 June 2016

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Transcript of 1906 San Francisco Earthquake

1906 San Francisco Earthquake
The biggest destruction came from the fires the quake ignited. These ravaged the city for three days before burning themselves out. The maelstrom destroyed 490 city blocks, a total of 25,000 buildings, left over 250,000 homeless and killed between 450 and 700. Damage estimates topped $350,000,000. Shaking damage, however, was equally as bad in many other places along the fault rupture. Most of the fatalities occurred in San Francisco, and 189 were reported elsewhere.
The San Francisco earthquake on April 18, 1906 ranks as one of the most significant earthquakes of all time. At almost 5:12 a.m. a foreshock occurred with a great force was to be felt widely throughout the San Francisco Bay area. The great earthquake broke loose some 20 to 25 seconds later, with an epicenter near San Francisco. Violent shocks punctuated the strong shaking which lasted some 45 to 60 seconds. The earthquake was felt from southern Oregon to south of Los Angeles and inland as far as central Nevada. The length of the rupture extended as far as 80 kilometers inland from the fault trace.
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Insurance companies, faced claims of $250 million, and paid out between $235 million and $265 million on policyholders' claims, often for fire damage only, since shake damage from earthquakes was not covered by most policies. At least 137 insurance companies were directly involved and another 17 as reinsurers.Political and business leaders strongly downplayed the effects of the earthquake, fearing loss of outside investment in the city which badly needed to rebuild. Although the impact of the earthquake on San Francisco was the most famous, the earthquake also inflicted terrible damage on several other cities. These include San Jose and Santa Rosa, the entire downtown of which was essentially destroyed.
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